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Full text of "The history of the Bowles family; containing an accurate historical lineage of the Bowles family from the Norman conquest to the twentieth century, with historical and genealogical notes and some pedigrees of Bowles families in various sections of the United States and Britain"

THE HISTORY 



OF THE 



BOWLES FAMILY 



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FARQUHAR 



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FROM THE 

JOSEPH H. CENTER FUND 



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B P L PLATE NO. 14: 7,S.46: 2I(. 




MRS. EFFIE BOWLES KELLEY 

of Richmond, Virginia. 



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Mistor^ ot the Bowles jfamili? 



Containing an Accurate Historical Lineage of tlie 

Bowles Family from the Norman Conquest 

to the Twentieth Century, 

With 

Historical and Genealogical Notes and Some Pedigrees 

cf Bowles Families in Various Sections 

of the United States and Britain. 



COMPILED AND PUBLISHED BY THOMAS M. FARQUHAR 

' ■*>»»•• J •'/ ' '111 

S. W. Corner iQth an^ Ellsworth Streets. 

' 190? 



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Copyrighted. All Rights Reserved. 

1907 






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preface. 



In tracing the Bowles Family the compiler has 
been content to follow carefully through the pages of 
history from the field of Hastings and the fens of Lin- 
coln as they advance generation upon generation, in 
the peaceful homestead or far out on the faint frontier 
in the company of Wolfe or Washington, Crockett or 
Grant. The English Bowles pedigree is authentic and 
unbroken and is here printed for the first time. The 
destruction of records in the Peninsular counties of 
Virginia by the ravages of war made it impossible to 
construct an unbroken lineage of the Virginia branch. 

In all the generations from the Norman Conquest 
to the Twentieth Century the Bowles name has been 
represented in those crises which appeal to the honor 
and the patriotism of the best types of the English- 
speaking races. The lineage has been carefully traced, 
for though tradition has not been ignored, the authority 
is given for important facts, and these facts are suffic- 
ient to tinge the story with all the charm of romance. 

The reader will see the emergence of the Bowles 
name into history and how the bearers served the 
British empire in the centuries of the Middle Ages, and 
how in America their deeds of patriotism and the sim- 
ple earnestness of their lives justify the most fervent 
pride in one of the " fine old American names.'* 



CONTENTS. 

Saxon Origin of the Bowles Name - pp- 7, 8 
Norman Origin of the Bowles Blood - 9--12 

The Name in English History - - 13--21 
The Lincolnstiire Parent Family and the 

Name at Scampton - - - - 22—32 

Famous Bearers of the Name - - 32-48 

Crests and Arms - . - - - 49—50 

The Bowles Roll of England - - - 51--74 

Illustrations from Illingworth - - - 75--91 
The Virginia Branches - 93--140 and 220--248 
The Maryland Branch. Descendants of 

Thomas Bowles - 141--149 and 172--177 

Life of General William Augustus Bowles I49--I72 
New England Branches 

Roxbury Line . . - 185—203 

Other Lines ... 203—206 
Families in North Central and North 

Atlantic States - . - 206—209 

Lineage prepared by Ann Bowles Calloway 209—214 

Detached Notes ... 248—252 

References - . . . 253—255 



Zbc Bowles jfatnil^. 

THE ORIGIN OF THE NAME. 



The Bowles name is doubtless of both Saxon and 
Norman origin, probably making its first appearance 
in England with those fierce sea-roving Vikings who 
came to conquer Kent under Hengist and Horsa in 449 
A. D., although the name does not plainly appear 
until 400 years afterwards, during the time of Offa 
the Terrible, in 820 A. D., one of whose chieftains 
was called Bolla, which is Saxon for Bowl and a name 
for the head or brain-pan. As there is no immigration 
of great volume recorded during the intervening 400 
years it is a fair presumption that this Bolla was of 
that Viking stock whose identity was submerged by 
that wave of Saxon supremacy which has been per- 
petuated in the Saxon language. 

The name was widely extended during these cen- 
turies as a name for towns and valleys, and applied 
to topographical peculiarities of a bowl-shaped char- 
acter, and the monk Ingulf, wlio lived in the reign of 
Edward the Confessor, 1041, relates that in his youth 
as he came from school he was often stopped by 



8 THE HISTORY OF 

Edith, the queen of Edward, who made him recite his 
lessons, and if he knew them she would send him to 
Bolla, who seems to have been either the master of 
the household or chief of the pantry, and of the two 
positions the latter was probably the more important 
among a people who considered the pleasures of the 
table the chief recreation of existence, i 

The Anglo-Saxons, but slightly removed, from 
barbarism, w ere almost entirely engaged in war and 
the chase, and gave little thought to the cultivation of 
domestic refinement. The master, his family, with 
servants and slaves, ate in a long hall, usually at one 
immense table, the master's end being raised slightly 
above the rest. The meats were served first, and af- 
terward the mead, a fermentation of honey and water, 
which was served from an immense bowl moved down 
the center of the table and from which all dipped with 
their horns or cups. This bowl vv^as under the care of 
a trusted steward, whose duty it was to safeguard it, 
preventing overturning or waste by the careless or the 
intoxicated. This steward was called the Boli-man, 
and this title is not without significance in connection 
with the Saxon origin of the name Bolle which after- 
ward became Bowies. 

Among the knights who charged with the Ctsn- 
queror at the battle of Hastings, 1066, was one who is 
simply in the Roll of Battle Abbey as "Bole." As 
the name Bole, sometimes spelt Boe!, is found among 
landowners in Normandy previous to the invasion uf 
England the appearance of the name on the Roil of 
Battle Abbey makes the Norman origin as certain as 
is the Saxon derivation of the name. 1 2) 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 9 

As the name does not appear among those Nor- 
mans who were provided with lands and enumerated 
in Doomsday Book, either this Norman Bole died of 
his wounds or had offended William and was omitted 
in the apportionment of the lands of the Saxons, or 
very probably appears under a Christian name not 
identifiable with the name as recorded on the Roll of 
Battle Abbey. The idea that he was among those 
knights who went with Robert de Brus to the North is 
slightly supported by the mention of Sir William de 
Bole-Den as holding the castle at Abbey bridge over 
the Tees river in York for England. He was ordered 
by Thurstan, Archbishop of York, to come to his aid 
at the Cuton Moor, where took place the Battle of the 
Standard. As the Scots had seized both the bridge 
and the ford, Sir William refused to leave the castle, 
which was stormed and destroyed by the overwhelm- 
ing army of Scots.— (3) 

As the Norman knights about this time adopted 
the custom of affixing the names of their estates to 
their own Christian names, it is difficult to affirm that 
Sir William de Bole-Den was the descendant of that 
Norman knigiU Bole who was the companion of Wil- 
liam the Conqueror at Hastings ^2 years before. 

An instance of this cuscom of taking the name of 
the estate is recorded in the Bole-den Book, in which 
William de Hertburn, taking his name from the village 
of Hertburn, changed his name to Wassyngton on 
exchanging Hertburn for the village and manor of 
Wassyngton, and thus made himself easily identified 
as the progenitor of our own Washington.— (4) 

As Bole occurs in Anglo-Saxon history and is a 



10 THE HISTORY OF 

word of the Anglo-Saxon language, the origin of the 
family blood as well as the name would be unhesi- 
tatingly classed as Saxon except for the Bole of Bat- 
tle Abbey and this custom of including the territorial 
name in the patronymic, for the Saxons adopted the 
Norman fashion in this matter, and the Normans in 
choosing their hereditary surnames invariably took 
the Saxon name of the Saxon ground which they held. 
This universal adoption of this Norman custom would 
obscure somewhat the origin of the Bowles blood 
while illuminating the etymology of the nam.e except 
for the fact that the early progenitors bore the Norman 
name of William, which the strong prejudices of both 
races would not permit at that time to a Saxon. This 
fact, together with his knighthood, makes it certain 
that Sir William de Bole-Den was as much a Norman 
as the knight Bole who charged on the field of Senlac. 
The name Bole is many times in Doomsday Book 
(1086) as a name of estates, parishes and villages. A 
few are "Bole-ton in Yorkshire; Boles-forde Wapen- 
tac, in Terra of Robert Malet, Yorkshire; the villanage 
Bole-tone in Culveston Hundred, Sciropscire, and 
held by Helgot from Roger Norton; Bsle-beric in Ces- 
trescire; Bole-bi in Yorkshire; Bole-bi in Lincoln- 
scire; Bole-haugh in Devon; Bole-hestre in Bedford- 
scire; Bole-ton in Durham; Bole-ton in Bole-ton Hun- 
dred, Lincolnscire.'* As "ton'* or "den" is Saxon 
for town it is evident that some of the places were of 
considerable size and those Norman adventurers who 
used Bole as a family name must therefore have been 
of more than ordinary ability to have seized a patri- 
mony of such an extent. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. ii 

Among the knights mentioned in an account ren- 
dered in 1 1 30, the 31st year of Henry I, in the matter 
of the debt which Hugh, Bishop of Durham, owed the 
king, Ralf de Boles-den gave 26 shillings, 8 pence 
toward its payment. 

In 1 183 a survey was made by Bishop Hugh de 
Pudsey, of Durham, of all the lands of the see held in 
demesne or by tenants in villanage. This record was 
entered in a book called the Bole-den Book, from the 
fact of the parish of Bole-den occuring first in the al- 
phabetical arrangement. The town of Bole-den, near 
Sunderland, County Durham, gave the name to the 
parish. The Bole-den Book is perhaps the most fam- 
ous of those records which have been preserved from 
those centuries of Norman dominion, and it has for 
generations been of the- utmost importance to the his- 
torical inquirer. The Bole-den Book fixes indispu- 
tably the prominence of the Bowles name in the Pala- 
tinate in the latter part of the twelfth century. 

The Supervisor's report of the villanage of Bole- 
den immediately precedes the report of the manor of 
Wassyngton, and translated from the Norman-Latin 
is as follows: 

"In Bole-den are 22 villans, of whom each one 
holds 2 oxgangs of 30 acres, and renders 2 s. 6 d. of 
scatpennys, and half a scatchalder of oats, and 16 d. 
of averpennys, and 5 cartloads of woodlades, and 
2 hens and 10 eggs, and works 3 days in the week 
through the whole year, except the week of Easter 
and Pentecost and the 13 days of the Nativity of our 
Lord, and during his work he makes in Autumn 4 pre- 
caticns to reap with all his house, except the house- 



12 THE HISTORY OF 

wife; moreover he reaps 3 roods of averipe, and he 
ploughs and harrows 3 roods of averere, and moreover 
each plough of the villans ploughs and harrows 2 
acres and therefore once they shall have the carrody 
of the Bishop, and then they are quit of the work of 
that week; but always when they make the great pre- 
cations they have a carrody, and in their works they 
harrow when there shall be need; and they make cart- 
loads, and when they make them each has one loaf, 
and they mow one day at Houghton till the evening, 
and then they have a carrody; and at the fairs of St. 
Cuthbert every 2 villans make i booth, and when they 
make the lodges and cart woodlades then they shall 
be quit of other v/orks. Twelve cotmen, of whom 
each holds 12 acres, work through the whole year 2 
days a week, except at the three above-named feasts, 
and they render 12 hens and 60 eggs. Robert holds 2 
oxgangs of 37 acres, and renders half a mark. The 
Pounder holds 12 acres and has from each i plough, i 
thrave of corn, and he renders 24 hens and 500 eggs. 
The mill renders five mares and a half. The villans 
ought to make every year in their work, and if there 
shall be need, one house of the length of 40 feet and of 
the width of 15 feet, and when they make it each one 
is quit of 4 d. of averpennies. The whole Bole-den 
manor renders 17 s. of cornage and one cow in milk. 
The demesne is at farm with a stock of 4 ploughs and 
4 harrows, and renders for two ploughs 16 chalders of 
wheat and 16 chalders of oats and 8 chalders of barley, 
and for two other ploughs 10 mares." 

This account of the dues of the villanage of Bole- 
den is followed by the dues of John the baker. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 13 

All through the book in rendering the dues of some 
villanages the supervisor abbreviated in the account: 
''They render and work in all ways as the villanage of 
Bole-den." 

This extract from this famed historical document 
and the appearance of the name in other rolls, charters 
and returns, prove that the bearers of the name had 
secured positions of prominence in the northern coun- 
ties, and though the imperfect orthography evinced in 
the various spelling of the name, there seems little 
doubt that the Norman who took his name from the 
town of Bole was sometimes known as "Bole-den." 

Six years after the compilation of Bole-den Book 
the name of William Bowles (spelt Bole) appears in 
Lincolnshire. What position he occupied in the social 
order is difficult to state, but that he was a man of 
prominence and power is certain. He was living in 
1 189, the year in which Richard Coeur de Lion began 
to reign. (6) 

The fact that his name has endured for so many 
centuries is conclusive that his station was at least a 
knightly one, and that he must have been a participant 
in the spectacular events of Richard's reign. At the 
coronation of Richard occurred a great massacre of the 
Jews, and Lincoln, with a large Jewish population, 
echoed the dying groans of the chosen people. Soon 
after receiving the Crown Richard organized his army 
for the Third Crusade. He joined Philip Augustus on 
the Plains of Venzelai, in Burgundy, where the com- 
bined armies of England and France were mustered. 
The combined armies numbered 100,000 men, and of 
this number 27,000 came from England, the flower of 



14 THE HISTORY OF 

the knighthood of that kingdom. Leaving Burgundy 
the Crusaders proceeded to Sicily, and thence to Cy- 
prus, where Richard was married to Berengaria of 
Navarre. A year after leaving England the English 
army was before the walls of Acre, where the graves 
of 200,000 soldiers attested the fury of the fighting. 
The army entered Acre soon after Richard's arrival. 
Then came the quarrels of the English and French, the 
advance orv Jaffa, the fierce battles with Saladin, and 
at last the walls of the still fair Jerusalem rose before 
them; but with ranks thinned by battle and disease 
the English king was forced to turn away with the 
glittering prize almost within his grasp, for news of 
the treasonable attempt of his brother John and of 
Philip of France to despoil him of his dominions has- 
tened that journey which ended in an Austrian dun- 
geon. As the demands of the feudal system and the 
necessities of Richard drained England of its choicest 
soldiery there is every probability that William 
Bowles or some member of his family was numbered 
in the Third Crusade. 

In the Great Roll of Exchequer, 13 John, 1211, 
Roll 4, Mem. i, is found an account rendered of "two 
mares of Ingelram and Robert de Bole-don.'* 

In the Great Roll of Exchequer, 14 John, 121 3, 
Roll 5, Mem. 3, is found the item: "And in the expense 
of the Irish prisoners and in taking them to Norham 
and in bringing them back to Norham and in fetters, 
chains and rings (compedibus et cathensis et firgiis) 61 
s, 6d. by this writ Richard de Bolles-den." 

Alane Bowles, "Lord of Swynesheade and of the 
several manors within the same called Bole Hall, Lin- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 15 

colnshire, Balliver's Regis" (vide Hundred Rolls) is 
the next member of the family in historical order. (7) 
Alane was alive in 1272, the year of the death of 
Henry III. Though there is no trace of him except his 
name and position the fault is due to the dearth of rec- 
ords concerning the reign of Henry III., for he was cer- 
tainly a man of distinction and power. In the great 
events of that time he must have borne a part, for as 
he died in 1273, his active life was probably entirely 
passed in the long reign of Henry III. The civil wars 
of that great reformer, Simon de Montfort, engaged the 
soldierly exertions of every knight in the realm, and 
the fact that Alane's name is not among the lists of 
knights who supported the king at the disastrous battle 
of Lewes, warrants the presumption that he was an 
adherent of de Montfort. He was certainly a member 
of one or other of the parliaments called by the great 
earl and which included all the barons and knights of 
the shires. 



Swynesheade, which from this time appears as a seat of 
the Bowles race, was a place of some importance. It was a 
tow^n in early Saxon times and was the scene of a bloody battle 
with the Danes w'heu they attempted to overrun Lincolnshire. 
In 1 216 occurred King John?s m.arch from the Wash across Lin- 
colnshire in which he lost all his baggage and jewels in Fos- 
dyke Wash, near Swynesheade, as he w^as on his way to 
Swynesheade Abbey. This Swynesheade Abbey is one of the 
most famous of the abbeys in Britain and is of immense histor- 
ical interest. It is a splendid architectural remain of early 
Norman times, having been colonized from Furness by eleven 
CarthusLin monks in 1 134.— History of Lincolnshire. 



i6 THE HISTORY OF 

Through the thirteenth century, as in the suc- 
ceeding centuries, the Bowles name is easily traced 
by the eminence of its bearers, and the name seems 
remarkable by reason of the freedom of all its individ- 
uals from that notorious fame which aids the historical 
enquirer but which adds a sinister page to the chroni- 
cles of the past. 

The Bowles name through ail the centuries in 
Great Britain seems to have been carried worthily and 
also to have been numbered among those families 
which contributed much that was strong and noble to 
the national greatness. They were of that order, as 
Macaulay phrases it: "opulent and well-descended 
gentlemen, to whom nothing was wanting of nobility 
but the name." 

It is pleasing to reflect that in the great rebellion 
cf De iWontfort they were adherents of that early effort 
for the freedom of the people, as they have been since 
in more enduring revolutions. 

In the latter part of the reign of Henry III. it is 
recorded that John Bowles was Sub-Escheator at Kirk- 
town-Hoyland, Lincolnshire, that the family was 
granted the "de" by heraldic \\'arrant in 1273, and that 
William Bowles, son of Thomas Bowles of Bole, held 
lands in Coningsby by knight service of the Earl of 
Richmond. (8) 

The Bowles coat-:f-arms carried to America by 
the first voyagers of the name was granted about this 
time, the three standing bowls appearing on a Roll uf 
Edward II., and as the Earls cf Richmond were engaged 
in civil strife in England and in the wars u ith Wales, 
Scotland and France the Bnv.les arms \\ ere borne in 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 17 

the fighting ranks of many fierce and bloody fields. 

An evidence of the eminence of the family at this 
time is found in the fact that Cecilia, daughter of 
Thomas Bowles of Bole, was in wardship of the Crown 
on the death of her father. (9) The distinction of 
royal wardship was accorded only to those minors 
whose families held rank at least equal to that of a 
knight. Cecilia died in 1332 A.D. and was succeeded 
in the estate by her uncle, John of Bole Hall. 

Edward IIL began to reign in 1327 and came im- 
mediately under the influence of his mother Isabella 
and her favorite, the Earl of Mortimer. The odium of 
a disgraceful peace with Scotland and hatred of Morti- 
mer overthrew the power of Isabella. Mortimer was 
seized at Nottingham Castle and hanged on the elm of 
Tyburn. Isabella, called "the she-wolf of France," 
was imprisoned for 27 years in Rising Castle, where 
one of the knights attendant upon her was Sir Edward 
Bowles. He was present at her funeral in London, 
where she was buried with great pomp, with the heart 
of the husband she had murdered placed by her desire 
upon her breast. [10] 

The reign of Edward III. was filled with some of 
the most glorious and eventful days in English history. 
Edward Baliol made a desperate clutch for the Scottish 
throne, but the English defeated his army at Halidon 
Hill. The English gained a great naval victory over 
the French at Sluys. An English army entered Gui- 
enne and on the afternoon of August 26, 1346, began 
that shower of cloth-yard shafts which made the day 
of Crecy imperishable. The Black Plague ravaged 
the realm and made the land one-vast charnel house* 



i8 THE HISTORY OF 

In 1 356 occurred the day of Poictiers, where the English 
archers again displayed their renowned skill, and the 
king of France was led a prisoner to London. During 
. all these wars the Parliament had been steadily en- 
croaching on the prerogatives of the Crown and laying 
deep and sure the liberties of the people. The rights 
of Lords and Commons were distinctly defined and the 
two houses began to sit in separate chambers. The 
Commons occupied St. Stephen's Chapel and held the 
power of granting supplies to the king for the prosecu- 
tion of his tremendous foreign adventures. John 
Bowles, son of Godfrey Bowles of Swynesheade, was 
the member for Lincoln, 1355, in the Parliament of 
Edward III., and must have often looked on the stately 
figure of his sovereign on those occasions when the 
great king was forced to appeal to his parliament for 
supplies and to present his reasons therfor, accompan- 
ied, as he frequently was, by the gallant Black 
Prince. 

In 1382, in the reign of Richard II., Ranulf Bowles 
of Swynesheade was Escheator and founded a chantry 
at Algarkirk, and thus became the first recorded mem- 
ber of a long line remarkable for a reverent and sacri- 
ficing interest in religion. [12] 

In "Historic Churches and Manors" Roger Bowles 
is mentioned as having restored a wing of Netley Ab- 
bey which had been destroyed by fire and as having 
become its abbott in the early part of the fourteenth 
century. 

In Lady Chapel of Gosberkirk Church, in Lincoln- 
shire, was buried John Bowles, who was Sheriff of Lin- 
colnshire in 1477,, the sixteenth year of the reign of 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 19 

Edward IV. That Sheriff John Bowles enjoyed no 
sinecure in his office is conclusively proved by a glance 
at the history of Lincolnshire in those times. In 
March, 1470, Sir Robert Wells, at the head of 30,000 
Lincolnshiremen, was defeated at Losecoat Field, and 
in 1477 an attempt to drain the Fens aroused the wild 
Fenmen, ever ready for fighting, to dangerous insur- 
rection, and it is certain that Sheriff Bowles' tenure of 
office was a period of the most strenuous exertion, oc- 
cupied with battles and executions and the control of a 
population notorious as the most turbulent in England, 
which even in the time of Henry VIII. was declared by 
that king in a state paper to be the "most brute and 
beestalie in the realm." In other times also the men 
of Lincolnshire were noted as of more than ordinary 
turbulence, which fact, by the speculative mind, may 
be attributed to the mixture of virile races, for it is 
believed that Lincolnshire was settled by a tribe of the 
Belgae, who at the time of the invasion by Ceasar 
were not yet thoroughly fused with the Britons, then 
followed the Viking and Saxon and Danish adventurers, 
to be in turn succeeded by the Normans. 

The parent Bowies family, which, with the junior 
branches, had now been so long in Lincolnshire, at 
Swineshead and Haugh and Gosberton or Gosberkirk, 
now sent a powerful offshoot to Middlesex, where 
dwelt in the reign of Henry VIII. Juhn Bowles, at 
Stratfort-at-Bow, Lord of the Manor of Kilvedon Hatch. 
This John Bowles, who v/as gentleman usher to Henry 
VIII., was doubtless attendant on that tyrant more or 
less intermittently, and certainly could not fail to be a 
witness of that seething turmoil of intrigue for which 
that court was so notorious. Dwelling on the edge of 



20 THE HISTORY OF 

London he certainly, if only by the nature of his du- 
ties, witnessed that terrible procession of English 
queens who passed from the vile arms of the monster 
Henry to perish on the block. John Bowies died in 
1532 and was buried in St. Mary's churchyard, Brom- 
ly-by-Bow. His first wife was a daughter of Sir 
Robert Tyrwhit, of Ketterly. His second wife was 
Julyan, daughter of Sir William Roche, Lord Mayor 
of London, an office to be later occupied by one of the 
most illustrious of the Bovvies race, [u] 

Another Sheriff of Lincolnshire from 1551--1559, 
and who had also been gentleman-usher to king Henry 
VIIL, was Richard Bowles of Boston and Haugh. He 
was married three times, each of his wives a daughter 
of a family distinguished by lineage or power. Jane 
Skipwith the first wife, was a member of probably the 
richest family in England, and the family of the sec- 
ond, Alice Dymoke, is renowned in the annals of her- 
aldry, possessing for centuries, and to this day, the 
hereditary right of furnishing the champion at the 
succession of the sovereign. The Bowles family have 
in succeeding generations made alliances with the Dy- 
moke family, a sun of Ricliard Bowles of Boston and 
Haugh, Charles Bowies of Haugh, thinking so well of 
that breed as to choose two of his four wives from the 
Dymoke family. [15J 

The widow Bowles, famed on account of her great 
age, was born about this time, in 1595, and lived for 
124 years, dying in 1719. Proof of the age of the 
widow Bowles was convincing to her contemporaries 
and survived the critical inspection of her time, and 
her fame promises to live as lung as the language, for 
few encyclopedias neglect to include her name in their 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 21 

volumes. During the eighteenth century it was com- 
mon in speech and literature to signify venerableness 
by the phrase ** as old as the Widow Bowles/' and 
it may occasionally be heard to this day. 

In examining family genealogies the whereabouts 
of cadet families of the Bowles name is often discov- 
ered. Thus, in a pedigree of the Kitchell family in 
the possession of Mr. W. S. Kitchell, of New York, it 
appears that in 1634 Thomas Kitchell, of New Inn, 
London, clerk of Doon Castle, married Deborah, 
daughter of Jo. Bowles, of Wareborne, Kent. (16) In 
a pedigree of the Sadler family Mary Sadler is re- 
corded as marrying Thomas Bowles, of Wallington, 
Herts., about 1580, and in a pedigree of the Aylett 
family it appears that Lucy Ann Aylett, daughter of 
Carver Aylett, of Notts., married Francis Bowles, of 
Grimsby. Francis Bowles sailed with a shipload of 
powder to sell to the Moors, but a storm having separ- 
ated him from his consorts, he found that he was sur- 
rounded by a Spanish fleet, and knowing that certain 
death awaited, he caused his ship to be blown up, he 
and his men perishing, and destroying a large number 
of Spaniards in boats who were about to board the En- 
glish ship. 



22 THE HISTORY OF 

THE BOWLES NAME AT SCAMPTON, 

In the early days of the nineteenth century there 
was a revival of interest regarding the Roman remains. 
Among the numerous books published about them was 
one entitled: "A Topographical Account of the Parish 
of Scampton in the County of Lincoln, and of the Ro- 
man Antiquities Lately Discovered There; Together 
with Anecdotes of the Family of Bowles. By the Rev. 
Cayley Ulingworth, Archdeacon of Stow, and Rector 
of Scampton and Epworth in the County of Lincoln.'* 
This book was published in London in 1810, and the 
following extracts from it form that part of the book 
which treats of the Bowles family: 

"Scampton, the etymology of which is from the 
Saxon words "seen," splendid, and "ton,'' town, is 
situated about five miles north of Lincoln. The village 
and church are situated about the middle of the lord- 
ship. In the year 1796 some workmen digging for 
stone in a field southeast of the village, and north of 
Tillbridge lane, were observed to turn up several red 
tiles, which on inspection Mr. Illingsvorth conceived to 
be Roman. This discovery led him to explore the ad- 
jacent ground. The result was that the foundations of 
nearly a whole Roman villa were traced and accurately 
examined, and the situation of the place, the nature of 
the walls, the dimensims of some apartments, the 
number and beauty of the tesselated pavements and 
the regular plan of the whole, leave little doubt of its 
having been a villa of great distincti'/U and elegance. 



Mrs. Sarah Eolles Watson, of Hast Windsor Hill, Conn., 
very kindly furnished these extracts fioiii lliinjj^worth. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 23 

''Scampton Hall was situated in the midst of a 
small park, where yet remains a magnificent stone 
gateway (plate i ), erected about the reign of James L 
and doubtless contemporary with the hall itself. The 
elegance of this gateway and the ruins of the walls 
which encircle the courtyard, the garden and the bowl- 
ing green, bespeak the splendor of the mansion that 
once enlivened this spot. Passing, however, beneath 
the arch, scarcely a vestige of it can be discovered, 
save some old walls now incorporated into those of a 
farmhouse lately erected on its ruins. 

''There was a church here as early as the reign of 
the Confessor. The present one, a small stone struct- 
ure, consists of a nave and chancel separated by a 
raised step in the floor, and an ancient arch; at the 
west end is a square, embattled tower. To the old 
church, erected about the reign of Edward IIL, there 
belong a rich pulpit cloth of Genoa velvet with a deep 
fringe of gold and the name of Sir John Bowles, baron- 
et, embroidered thereon, a pulpit cushion, altar cloth, 
and cushion of the same. The elegance of these orna- 
m.ents is scarcely surpassed by those of any parish 
church in England. They were the gift of Sir John 
Bowles, baronet, in 1700, v/ho had previously given to 
this church a silver chalice and plate. [Plate 2] 

"In the chancel on the north side of the altar is the 
family vault of the first Sir John Bovvles, baronet. On 
the north wall of the chancel, ever the vault, remain 
affixed two brass plates, with inscriptions to the mem- 
ory of Sir John Bowles, baronet, and Lady Katherine, 
his wife. [Plate 3.] 

"The old parsonage, situated about 100 yards 
eastward of the church, built of stone and covered with 



24 THE HISTORY OF 

thatch, was of considerable antiquity, and ill-suited to 
the conveniency of modern times. In 1752 it was 
taken down, and a convenient stone house, with suit- 
able offices, erected a few yards to the east of it. 
[Plate 4]. 

**The only name yet discovered of any owner of 
this estate anterior to the conquest is that of Ulf 
Feniso. The family of De Gaunt, who from the con- 
quest became lords of Scampton, held it for a consid- 
erable time in capite of the crown. They were great 
benefactors to many religious houses, and endowed 
several of them with possessions in Scampton. The 
first of this family, Gilbert de Gaunt, nephew to the 
Conqueror, and who came with him into England, was 
at the time of the survey in 1088 possessed of 113 
manors in the county of Lincoln. The lordship of 
Scampton was conferred on him by his uncle for assist- 
ance rendered at the battle of Hastings. 

^'Thomas Lawrence, esquire, in 1590, alienated 
the manor and lands to Sir John Hart, knight, then 
lord mayor of London. This gentleman twice repre- 
sented the city of London in Parliament in the 35th 
and 39th years of Elizabeth. He was twice married, 
and had issue two daughters. The eldest, Jane, was 
married to Sir George Bowles, knight and alderman, 
afterwards Lord Mayor of London. Shortly before his 
death Sir John Hart made a settlement of his manor 
and lands at Scampton, with the advowson thereof, on 
Sir George and Lady Bowles and their issue. 

"Sir George Bowles, who became entitled to 
Scampton under this settlement, was descended from 
a very ancient family which had been resident in Lin- 
colnshire as early as Henry III. In the reign of Ed- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 25 

ward IL they were tenants, in capite of the crown, of 
lands in Coningsby, parcel of the manor of Scrivelsby. 
They had at the same time large possessions at 
Swineshead, which they held of the Earl of Richmond 
by knight service. 

"Bole Hall, now Ball Hall, in Swineshead, seems 
to have been their principal residence until the close 
of the reign of Edward IV., when by an intermarriage 
with the family of Hough, the elder branch became 
settled at Hough, or Haugh, near Alford in Lincoln- 
shire, and one of the younger branches, the ancestor 
of Sir George Bowles, at Gosberkirke, now Gosber- 
ton, in the same county. Before the division of these 
branches the Bowles family had several times repre- 
sented the county of Lincoln in Parliament, and had 
filled the offices of Sheriff and Escheator of the same 
county, and we find them erecting chantries, and be- 
stowing lands to charitable uses at Algerkirke, Wig- 
toft and other places in Lincolnshire, a clear indication 
of the wealth of the family in those early times. 

"After the separation of these branches their re- 
spective descendants appear to have been equally ac- 
tive in their several capacities of the senator, the 
magistrate, and the soldier. In the field and in the 
seat of justice, their individual praises have been vari- 
ously noticed, and whilst the historian has recorded an 
anecdote of the impartial justice of one branch, the 
gallantry and valor of the other has not escaped the 
notice of the muse. 

"Sir George Bowles, a descendant of the younger 
branch, and lord of the manor of Scampton, was also a 
member of the Grocer's Company, served the office of 
Sheriff of London in 1608, and that of Lord Mayor in 



26 THE HISTORY OF 

1617, the duties of which office he discharged with a 
rigid impartiality, making no distinction between the 
sovereign and the citizen. A memorable instance of 
this is thus recorded: 'King James not only com- 
manded his book of sports to be published, but affected 
to give example to his subjects by putting the Lord's 
day to the same use he enjoined by his book, and it 
v/as observed that his carriages commonly sat out en a 
Sunday when he removed from one place to another. 
Thus they passed through London soon after the de- 
claration was made on a Sabbath day in time of divine 
service and making a great clatter and noise. The 
Lord Mayor, Sir George Bowles, commanded them to 
be stopped. The officers belonging to the carriages 
returned immediately to the court and complained to 
the king of this violence. Upon hearing which his 
majesty in a great rage swore: "he thought there had 
been no more kings in England but himself." How- 
ever, having cooled upon it a little, he signed a war- 
rant to the Lord Mayor Bowles to let them pass, which 
he obeyed with this answer: 'Whilst it was in my 
power I did my duty; but that being taken away by a 
higher power, it is my duty to obey.' This answer 
being told to the king, he was so touched by it that he 
sent to Lord Mayor Bowles his thanks for it. King 
James shortly afterward conferred en him the honor of 
knighthood.' 

"A son. Sir John Bowles, succeeded to the estate, 
was knighted and created a baronet. His son, Sir 
Robert Bowles, succeeded him. 

''Sir Robert Bowles was one of the Grand Jury 
for trying the regicides at Hick's Hall in 1660. He 
was a great encourager of the arts, and lived very 



THE BOWLES FAIVIILY. 27 

much with the literary men of his time. James Shir- 
ley in 1652 dedicated to him "The Imposters,'* a tragic- 
comedy, acted at the Private House in Black Friars. 

**Rawlins executed a medal of Sir Robert with an 
inscription, and one of his wife. Walpole, in his 
^'Anecdotes of Painting," speaking of Thomas Raw- 
lins, the medallist, says: "There is but one piece more 
certainly known for his, a cast in lead inscribed to Sir 
Robert Bowles and his wife." 



AT HAUGH AND THORPE HALL. 



"The elder branch of the family settled at Hough, 
near Alford, and Thorpe Hall, near Louth, in Lincoln. 
Many members of this branch are buried in Haugh and 
Louth churches. The earliest monumental inscription 
yet discovered, respecting this branch, is of Rich ard 
Bowles, Esq., of Haugh, upon a brass plate in the 
south aisle of Boston Church. 

"Charles Bowles, his eldest son, had four wives, 
and died in 1590, in the lifetime of his father, and lies 
buried in Haugh Church, where on the south side of 
the chancel is a mural monument of marble, surrounded 
with the Bowles arms and those of his four wives. 
(Plate 9.) 

"His only son and heir. Sir John Bowles, knight, 
of Thorpe Hall, lived in the reigns of Elizabeth and 
James, and was celebrated as well for the gallantry 
with which he signallized himself as an officer in the 
army, in the memorable expedition against Cadiz, in 
1 596, as also for his activity, bravery and good conduct 
in Ireland. Queen Elizabeth conferred upon him the 
honor of knighthood after his return from Cadiz. 



28 THE HISTORY OF 

**An anecdote of this gallant knight, as handed 
down by tradition, is, that amongst other prisoners 
taken at Cadiz, it fell to his lot to take charge of a lady 
of extraordinary beauty and of great family and 
wealth, whom he treated with that tenderness which 
has ever distinguished the British character, by en- 
deavoring to soften and alleviate the heavy hours of 
her captivity. This generous care called forth senti- 
ments of gratitude; sentiments which kindled into love. 
Her chains became the silken chains of delight, and 
freedom itself was misery. She threw at the feet of 
the warrior her riches and her person, and such was 
her ardent passion, that, when released, she entreated 
tc accompany him to England as his page. But our 
soldier had a wife at home, and neither the charms of 
the beautiful Spaniard nor the powerful influence of 
her gold, could prevail. 

**Like a true knight, therefore, he returned where 
love and honor called, and the beautiful but inconsol- 
able Spaniard retired to a nunnery, there to spend her 
remaining days in pensiveness and sorrow. 

''On Sir John Bowles' departure from Cadiz, the 
Spanish lady sent as presents to his wife a profusion 
of jewels and other valuables, amongst which was her 
portrait drawn in green, a beautiful tapestry bed 
wrought in gold by her own hands, and several casks 
full of plate, money and other treasures. Some articles 
are still in the possession of the family, though her 
picture was unfortunately, and by accident, disposed 
of about half a century since. This portrait being 
drawn in green, gave occasion to her being called in 
the neighborhood of Thorpe Hall 'the Green Lady,' 
where there is a traditionary superstition among the 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 29 

vulgar to this day, that Thorpe Hall was haunted by 
'the Green Lady/ who used nightly tot ake her seat in 
a particular tree near the mansion, and that during the 
life of his son. Sir Charles Bowles, a knife and fork 
were always laid for her at the table, should she choose 
to make her appearance. 

**The attachment of the Spanish lady for Sir John 
was of such srrange romantic interest, that it became 
the subject of an old ballad written about this time, and 
included in 'Percy's Collection of Ancient English 
Poetry, ' called 'The Spanish Lady's Love for an En- 
glishman.' Shenstone has an elegant poem on the 
same subject under the title of 'Love and Honor.' 

"The portrait of Sir John, done by Zucharo, at the 
age of 36 years, having on the gold chain given him by 
the Spanish lady, and a curious thumb ring, set in 
massive gold, of the arms of his family, bearing 16 
quarterings, elegantly engraven and emblazoned, are 
still in the possession of his descendant. Lieutenant 
Colonel Birch. From this portrait has been taken the 
unfinished engraving seen in Plate 6. 

"Sir John Bowles died in 1606, in the 46th year 
of his age, and was interred in the chancel of Haugh 
church, to whose memory was erected the monument 
represented in Plate 7, with lines which bespeak his 
accomplishments as a scholar and a soldier. 

"Sir Charles Bowles, the eldest of the three sons 
mentioned in the monumental inscription, succeeded to 
the estates of the gallant knight his father, which con- 
sisted of the manors of Haugh and Maltby-in-the- 
Marsh, with the advowson of the church of the latter, 
and the reversion after the deaths of his mother. Lady 
Elizabeth and others, of the manor of Thorpe HalJ. 



30 THE HISTORY OF 

Being a minor at the decease of his father, he was in 
wardship of the crown, and was knighted by King 
James at Theobalds, shortly after his coming of age in 
1616. 

**Sir Charles, in common with the rest of his 
branch of the family, zealously espoused the cause of 
King Charles I., for whom he was zealously active in 
Lincolnshire. He resided at Thorpe Hall, near Louth, 
w^hich place was several times the scene of skirmish- 
ing and disturbance during the rebellion. 

"Independently of loyalty to his sovereign. Sir 
Charles was eminently conspicuous for his hum.anity, 
thereby gaining the esteem and admiiration of the rich, 
and the blessings of the poor. While the plague raged 
at Louth, he afforded that assistance to numbers of the 
inhabitants which humanity alone could dictate and 
magnanimity effect. He had been abroad, and having 
twice had the good fortune tu escape the dreadful con- 
sequences of that malady, he knew how to prevent its 
baleful effects. It is said that he visited the town uf 
Luuth every morning, accompanied by his servant, and 
taking with him such medicines as were proper for the 
sick, he in person left them, at their houses; so that 
the pestilential strides of the plague in that part of the 
country were arrested chiefly by his exertions. [Por- 
trait Plate 8. J 

"Colonel John Bowles, the second son of the gal- 
lant knight, inherited with his brother Charles an equal 
portion of his father's valor and loyalty, and was a 
follower of the fortunes of his sovereign. King Charles 
I., in whose service he commanded the regiment raised 
by his brother. At the head of this regiment he sig- 
nallized himself at the battle of Edgehill and other 



THE BOWLES FAMILY, 5^ 

places, and lastly, though unfortunately, at Alton ii> 
Hampshire, 1643, where he was surprised by a d^ivi-^ri -■ 
ment of the parliamentary army, under the comm^id 
of Sir William Waller, and being surrounded and 0/^^^ 
powered by numbers, he was, with a great body of his, 
own men, killed in the church, of that village, Int^ 
which he had retired in the hope of relief being sent t3 
him. 

''It is said that this unfortunate event was of th^ 
greatest consequence in deciding the fate of the city of- 
Winchester, and the king himself was so affected by- 
the particular loss of Colonel Bowles, that when the 
news of it was commuriicated to him he passionately 
expressed his sorrow with this exclamation: 'Bring me 
a mourning scarf;. I have lost oue of the best cojnmand-- 
ers in this kingdom!** 

"Upon a piUar adjoining Bishop Morley*s monu-. 
ment in Winchester Cathedral is a plate of brass, oi\ 
which is engraved an epitaph to the nPiemovy of Qoione^ 
Bowles. 

"Whilst tradition has handed dowa tUe good 2lz^. 
tions of the eldest, and the historian has recorded the 
valiant conduct of the second, the third; son. of Sir John. 
Bowles, Edward, has left behind him that meir^od-^l 'o? 
a benevolent disposition v/hihh to t|;€ latest po^t&tity 
will rendor the name of Bowles revered in U^^ythx Hs 
lived to the a.ge of 77 years, and at, his oeattu ra l<3^> 
bequeathed six hundred pounds, t<> be laid oyt IXk kiKi 
for the benefit of the poor of that p^risn* Tht bt?i^* 
ficial effects of this donation keep pac^ wvt^i Vut trmts^ 
because the money beisig laid cut i:r\ prclUa^^i^ Und, 
the rents increase proportjonatet>;\ Mv^^atdl l^owks 



32 THE HISTORY OF 

was buried in Louth Church, in which, on a mura! tab- 
let, is an inscription recording his charita-ble and bene- 
ficent gifts." 

It will be seen from these extracts from the book 
f f Iilingworth that the Lincolnshire branches were al- 
most unanimous in their support of the cavalier cause. 
But the Bo-.\ les family experienced that division inci- 
dent to the great internal strifes of nations, and some 
of the noblest and bravest of the Bowles name bore 
arms in the ranks of the Puritan .armies, or in the civil 
service of the Puritan government. 

In Berry's list of the Sheriffs of Kent the name of- 
Charles Bowles occurs as Sheriff in 1658. This was 
the year of Cromweirs death, and it is reasonably cer- 
tain that this Charles Bowles had been a Roundhead- 
soldier, for party spirit was too fierce in that age of re- 
ligious strife for a royalist to hold an office implying 
the confidence of government. 

Francis Bowles was Sheriff of Sussex in 1659. 
He had been a soldier in Cromwell's army, had been 
wounded at Dunkirk, and after the Restoration he 
was killed while crossing Hoimby bridge by the bullet 
of an assassin. [17]. 

Rev. Edward Bowles, M.A., was the son of Oliver 
Bowles, of Sutton, in Bedfordshire. He was for a 
time chaplain to the Earl of Manchester, but upon the 
reduction of York he was constituted one of the four 
ministers m.aintained by the State in that city with 
honorable stipends. He was elected to the vicarage of 
Leeds, April, 1661. Edward Bowles was one of the 
sreat ministers of that time, a time in which the stern 
zeal of religion turned men's critical instincts to de-^ 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 35 

mand the highest attainments In the pulpit. Edward 
Bowles preached his course at the Minster of Leeds on 
the Wednesday lecture, and once a month at Tadcas- 
ter, where he was often set upon by the Quakers. 
Being asked in his last illness what of conformity he 
disliked he replied: 'The whole of it.* He died at the 
age of 49, and was buried on the eve of St. Barthol- 
emew^s day, 1662. " His oratorical powers were of the 
first class, and his address winning and convincing. 
In person he was tall and handsome, and his deport-^ 
ment modest and obliging. The following works by him 
are still preserved in certain British libraries, and are 
considered good examples of the argumentative religi-i 
ous discussions of that age: ''The Duty and Danger of 
Swearing, a Sermon preached at York on the day of 
Swearing in the Lord Mayor;*' "A Reply to George 
Fox,*' and "The Great Mystery Unfolded.** The 
National Dictionary of Biography says "the father of 
Edward was Oliver Bowies, D. D., mjnister of Suttonj 
was one of the oldest members of the Westminster 
Assembly and had preached before the assembled 
Houses of Lords and Qrimmons. Edward Bowtea wa?i 
educated at Catharine Halt, Cambridge, He was, 
after the surrender of York on July 15^ 1644, ^ppohxtt*<^ 
one of the four parliamentary m.inisters for that QiVfx 
On June iQ, 1645, ^^^ Commons voted hun out Ivan* 
dred pounds. His preaching wa,s extremely- i^opjl-^t 
even with hearers not of his own fakh or |^i?ty% 
Among the Pr&sbyterians of York and vkjnitv h^ wts 
the recognized leader, and it was said that h^ *-u^t<l SiU 
York.* Matthew Poole, the commentator^ th'>ught 
inore of his iudgm^ent than of any othev man'^« In 



34 THE HISTORY OF 

1660 he was active in restoring the monarchy, accom- 
panying Lord Fairfax to Breda, and urging Charles to 
take the crown. Although the deanery of York was 
offered to him he refused to flinch from his Presbyter-, 
ianism. Bradbury relates that Bowles, on leaving 
London after the restoration, said to Albemarle: ''My 
lord, I have buried the good old cause; now I am going 
to bury myself.'' Great but unsuccessful efforts 
were made to induce him to conform. He died August 
10, 1662. His wife was a granddaughter of Matthew 
Hutton, Archbishop of York, and widow of John Ro-. 
bynson of Dighton* Bowles was a man of great sweet-, 
ness of disposition, of splendid physique, and of strong^ 
character. His portrait was in 1869 in the possession, 
of Middleton Tyas, a collateral descendant. Many of 
the works of Edward Bowles are still preserved." 

BISHOP JOHN BOWLES was a native of Lan-. 
cashire, educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, 
where he obtained a fellowship. He was chaplain ta 
the Earl of Salisbury, and attended that nobleman in. 
his last illness in 1612. He became dean of Salisbury 
in 1620, and preached before the king and parliament 
on February 3, 1621, and was elected bishop of Rcch-. 
ester on December 14, 1629. He married Lady Bridget 
Copping, sister of Sir George Copping, by whom he 
had a son Richard and a daughter Mary. He was the 
author of several works of a religious character, and 
died at Mrs. Austen's house on the Bankside, October 
8, 1637, and his body was interred in St. Paul's 
Church, London, in the following month. He was one 
of the most renowned preachers of his time, and one of 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 35 

the best and broadest of the religious writers. Nat. 
Diet, of Biography, vol. vi. 

MAJOR-GENERAL PHINEAS BOWLES is first 
mentioned in the military entry books in January, 
1692, when he was appointed captain-lieutenant in 
the regiment of Colonel W. Selwyn. In 1705 he suc- 
ceeded Colonel Caulfield in command of a regiment of 
foot in Ireland, with which he went to Spain and 
served at the siege of Barcelona. His regiment was 
one of those broken at the bloody battle of Almanza. 
Bowles was captured, but returned to England, and on 
the expiration of his parole returned with his reorgan- 
ized regiment to Spain, where it was distinguished at 
the battle of Saragossa in 1710. It was one of the 
regiments surrounded in the mountains of Castile and 
made prisoners after a gallant resistance in December 
of the same year. As a brigadier-general he was com- 
missioned to raise six troops of dragoons. He raised 
these troops in Berkshire, Hampshire and Bucking- 
hamshire, and they are now known as the 12th Lan- 
cers. In 1719 he was transferred to the colonelcy of 
the 8th Dragoons. He died in 1722. 

LIEUT. -GENERAL PHINEAS BOWLES was a 
son of the major-general. He served long as an officer 
in the 3d foot-guards, in which he became captain and 
lieutenant-colonel in 1712. He served in the cam- 
paigns under the Duke of Marlborough in 1710-1711, 
and was engaged in Scotland in 171 5 in suppressing 
the Earl of Mar's rebellion. He became colonel of 
the 1 2th dragoons in 1719, succeeding his father, and 



36 THE HISTORY OF 

commanded the regiment in Ireland until 1740. He 
became a brigadier-general in 1729, major-general in 
1735, ^rid lieutenant-general in May, 1745. He served 
as governor of Londonderry and colonel of the 6th 
dragoon guards. He was a member of Parliament for 
Bowdley in 1734-5. He died in 1749. 

T. BOWLES, the engraver, of whom Walpole 
said: "his work was the fittest to survive the eight- 
eenth century," was born in 1712.- 

WILLIAM BOWLES, the naturalist, was born 
near Cork. He gave up the legal profession, for 
which he was destined, and in 1740 went to Paris, 
where he studied natural history, chemistry and metal- 
lurgy. He subsequently traveled through France, in- 
vestigating its natural history and mining and mineral 
and other productions. In 1752, having become ac- 
quainted with Don Antonio de Ulloa, admiral of the 
Spanish fleet, Bowles was induced to enter the Span- 
ish service, being appointed to superintend the state 
mines and to form a collection of natural history and 
fit up a chemical laboratory. He reorganized the quick- 
silver mines of Almaden, and travelled through Spain, 
investigating the minerals and natural history. He 
married a German lady, Anne Rustein, who w^as pen- 
sioned by the king of Spain after her husband's death. 
Bowles' principal published work is "An Introduction 
to the Natural History and Physical Geography of 
Spain," published in Spanish at Madrid in 1775. He 
is also the author of "A Brief Account of the Spanish 
and German Mines," "'A Letter on Merino Sheep," 



THE BOWnLES FAMILY. 37 

and an "Account of the Spanish Locusts/' Bowles 
is described as tall and fine-looking, generous, honor- 
able, active, ingenious and well-informed. His society 
was much valued in the highest Spanish circles. He 
died at Madrid on August 25, 1780. 

JOHN BOWLES, writer on Spanish literature, 
was a descendant of Bishop Bowles. He was called 
Don Bowles on account of his eminence as an authori- 
tv on Spain. He was born October 26, 1725, and 
died October 26, 1785. He was educated at Oriel 
College, Oxford. Don Bowles was an ingenious 
scholar of varied research and vast erudition in ancient 
and obscure literature. In addition to his knowledge 
of the classics he was well acquainted with French, 
Spanish and Italian, and had accumulated a large and 
valuable library, whic was sold in 1790. He was a 
member of Dr. Johnson's Essex Head Club, He pub- 
lished from 1855, until his death, many books contain- 
ing rare and unique miscellaneous literature, and v as 
a contributor to all the great periodicals of the time. 

CAROLINE ANNE BOWLES, who married 
Robert Southey, was born at Lymington, Hants, on 
December 6, 1786. As a girl she showed literary and 
artistic aptitude, and when money difficulties came to 
her in later years she turned her talents to good ac- 
count. Her literary talents were considered remark- 
able on account of the loneliness of her early life and 
the morbid delicacy of her health. Her first work, 
''Ellen Fitzarthur," a narrative poem, was published 
in 1820. Her poems were published in a c<illected 



38 THE HISTORY OF 

edition in 1867. Among her prose writings may be 
mentioned "Chapters on Churchyards," her best 
work ; "Tales of the Moors/* and "Selwyn in Search 
of a Daughter." Her most interesting memorial is her 
correspondence with Southey, which has been pub- 
lished by Prof. Dowden in the Dublin University 
Press Series. Besides the works already mentioned 
she wrote "The Widow's Tale, and Other Poems;" 
"Solitary Hours;" " Tales of the Factories ; " "The 
Birthday;" "Robin Hood," written in conjunction 
with Southey, at whose death this metrical production 
was still incomplete. Scon after her marriage her 
husband's mental state became hopeless, and from this 
time until his death in 1843, and indeed till her own, 
. er life was one of much suffering. Caroline Ann 
Bowles died at Buckland Cottage, Lymington, en July 
20, 1854, two years after the queen had granted her 
an annual pension of 200 pounds. 

WILLIAM LISLE BOWLES, poet and critic, was 
born at King's Sutton, of which his father was vicar, 
in 1762. At the age of fourteen he entered Winches- 
ter school. In 1781 he left as captain of the school, 
and proceeded to Trinity college, Oxford, to a scholar- 
ship to which he had been elected. Two years later 
he gained the chancellor's prize for Latin verse, and 
soon after left the university, not taking his degree as 
master till 1792. In 1789 he published in a small 
quarto volume, "Fourteen Sonnets," which met with 
great favor at the time, were hailed with delight by 
Coleridge and his young contemporaries, and have 
since been recognized as the first notes of the modern 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 39 

revolt against the artificial school of poetry, the tradi- 
tions of which had descended from Pope. He entered 
the church, was made chaplain to the prince regent in 
1818, and in 1828 was elected canon of Salisbury. He 
died at Salisbury in April, 1850, aged 88. The poetry 
of Bowles is distinguished by purity of imagination, 
cultured and graceful diction and great tenderness of 
feeling. Among his works are " The Spirit of Discov- 
ery," "The Missionary of the Andes," "The Grave 
of the Last Saxon," and "St. John in Patmos." But 
Bowles, perhaps, is more celebrated as a critic than as 
a poet. In 1807 he published an edition of Pope's 
works with notes and an essay on the poetical charac- 
ter of Pope. In this essay he laid down certain canons 
as to poetic imagery which brought on the famous 
"Pope and Bov\ies" controversy in which Byron so 
long and fiercely assailed him, but which resulted in 
breaking the long reign of the artificial school of poetry 
and the establishment of Bowles' principles. These 
principles were that images drawn from nature are po- 
etically finer than those drawn from art. The victory 
of this precept formed a basis for a new method in En- 
glish literature, and the era then inaugurated by 
Bowles has survived to this day. Among other prose 
works from his prolific pen was a "Life of Bishop 
Ken." 

J. BOWLES, author, flourished about 1780. 
Wrote, among other volumes, "On State of Society," 
published in London in 1804. 

ADMIRAL SIR WILLIAM BOWLES, R. N., K. 



40 THE HISTORY OF' 

C. B., accomplished naval ofificer and author of many 
books on naval and military subjects. He married in 
1820, Francis Temple in Portsmouth. His opinions 
on warlike subjects were frequently cited, and his 
works long remained authoritative. He died in 1853. 

G. C. BOWLES, a religious w riter. He w rute 
''Church Prayers/' "Reflections on the Liturgy/* 
etc. 

SIR GEORGE BOWLES, born 1787, died 1876; 
general, colonel of West India Regiment, governor of 
Tower of London, was the second son of W. Bowles, 
of Heale House, Wiltshire. He entered the army as 
ensign in the Coldstream Guards in 1804, ^rid served 
with that corps in the north of Germany in i8o$-6, at 
Copenhagen in 1807, i^ the Waterloo campaign, and in 
the Peninsula and south of France from 1809-14, being 
present at the passage of the Douro, the battles of 
Talavera, Salamanca and Vittoria, the capture of Ma- 
drid, the seiges of Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajos, Burgos 
and San Sebastian, the passage of the Nive, Nivelie 
and Adour, the investment of Bayonne, the battles of 
Quatre Bras and Waterloo and the occupation of Paris. 
He was brevet-major and military secretary to the 
Duke of Richmond in Canada in 1818-20, and deputy- 
adjutant general in the West Indies from 1820-25. He 
commanded the troops in the Lower Province during 
the rebellion in Canada in 1838. He retired on half- 
pay in 1843, ^rid became comptroller of the vice-regal 
household in Dublin. He was appointed master of the 
queen's household in 1845 ^^ the recommendation of 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 41 

the Duke of Wellington. He resigned in 1851 on ac- 
count of ill-health, and was appointed governor of the 
Tower of London. He died, unmarried, at his resi- 
dence in Berkeley street, London, May 21, 1876, in 
the ninetieth year of his age. 



Among those of prominence in England or holding 
commissions in the British military or naval service in 
1904 were: 

SPOTSWOOD BOWLES, Ahern, Gonna, coun- 
ty Cork, Ireland. He was born October 7, 1854; suc- 
ceeded his uncle, Major George Bowles, in 1886; mar- 
ried November 30, 1899, Grace Elizabeth, daughter of 
the late Sir Edward Hudson-Kinahan, baronet. The 
lineage of Mr. Spottswood Bowles is of much general 
interest, and is here taken from "Burke's Landed 
Gentry." This family, the name of which has been 
variously spelled, is, according to an old tradition, de- 
scended from a branch of the same family as that of 
Colonel Richard Boles, who fell in 1643 while gallantly 
defending himself at Alton Church, Hants, against the 
forces of Sir William Waller, and to whom there is a 
memorial tablet in Winchester Cathedral. 

Thomas Boles, born 1608, is mentioned as captain 
in the depositions of Colonel Richard Townsend, of 
Colonel John Gifforde, and of Captain Peter Gary, 
taken in Cork in 1654 by the State Commissioners as 
one who did good service in securing the city for the 
English interest in 1649. He is styled captain in a 



42 THE HISTORY OF 

deposition made by himself in 1654, and also in his 
will, dated Nov. 16, 1682, proked 1683. He was ad- 
mitted a freeman of Cork in 1656. His brother Rich- 
ard Boles, born 1614, had a grant of lands confirmed to 
him as one of the officers who served before June 5, 
1649, iri the barony of Orrery and Kilmore and county 
Cork, married in 1645, Abigail, daughter of Ende of 
Cork, merchant, and made over his property by deed 
to his eldest son Thomas, in his lifetime, reserving an 
annuity for himself and wife. He died in 1693, buried 
in the old church of Killebraher, where the tomb of the 
Boles's of Moyge still remains. He was the direct an- 
cestor of the Rev. James Thomas Boles, A. M., J. P. 
for Devon, sometime of Crowcombe rectory, Somerset, 
who succeeded to Ryall Court, Devon, and an interest 
in Moyge, county Cork, on the death of his uncle, 
Lieut. -General Thomas Bowles, in 1850. 

Captain Thomas Boles had by Anne his wife, who 
was buried at Cloyne Cathedral, two sons. 

1. John, of Killaree, after of Inch, had no son, 
his property, which was very considerable, went by 
his will, dated March 22, 1700, proved May 8, 1732, 
between his three daughters, who were (i) Elizabeth, 
married 1694, Samuel Hodder, of Fountainstown. (2) 
Anne, married Randal Warner, of Liscremin. (3) Mary 
of Kilbree, after of Inch, who died unmarried and in- 
testate. 

2. Thomas, who carried on the family. Cap- 
tain Thomas Boles, died June 26, 1685. His 2d son 

Thomas Boles, cf Ballinacurra, born April 13, 
1646, married 1689 Elizabeth, daughter of John Down- 
ing of Broomfield, had, with other issue, [i] Thomas, 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 43 

who had an eldest son, Thomas, who inherited the Kil- 
bree and Carrig estates on the death of Mary Boles his 
cousin. He left two daughters: (i) Anne, married 
Henry Bowles, of Glenaboy and Youghal. (2) Mary, 
married William Beard, of Beardmount. 

2. John, of Woodstock, 1726, after of Carring- 
mashinny, married Margery, daughter of John Col- 
borne, of Ballintubber; will dated June 26, 1739, died 
1739, buried in Cloyne, ancestor of the branches who 
resided at Mogeely, Springfield and Kilmountain, now 
extinct in the male line. 3. Robert. Thomas Boles 
made his will Nov. 12, 1698. His youngest son, 

3. Robert Boles, of Springfield, near Tallow, 
married (i) 1716, Elizabeth, daughter of John Croker, 
of Ballyanker, near Lismore, and left a son, i Jona- 
than, died s. p.m. He married [2] 1731, Katherine, 
daughter of Richard Benjer, rf Springfield, and had by 
her two sons and a daughtor. 2. Sputswocd, Colonel 
of the Bombay Artillery, who was killed by one of his 
own guns at the taking of a fort on the Malabar coast, 
married and died s. p. 3. George, if wh- m hereaf- 
ter. Anne, married Charles Nixon Green, of Youghiil. 

[A "History of the Green Family,'' by Th-mas 
George Hennis Green, M.R.LA., contains an extended 
and complete pedigree of the Bowles family where it 
connects by intermarriage with the Green family. A 
copy of this history was generously presented by Mr. 
Green to the compiler of this volume ] 

Robert Boles died 1746. His youngest son, 
George Boles, after Bowles, of Mountprospect, 
near Tallow, co. Cork [the name being so spelled in 
his military commission and continued by him and his 



44 THE HISTORY OF 

descendants] J. P., born 1739, Lieutenant 7th Light 
Dragoons, married 1764 Dorothea, daughter of Henry 
Hunt of Friarstown, county Limerick, and by her, who 
died in 1838 aged 94, left issue, 

1. Henry, J. P., of Glenaboy and Youghal, mar- 
ried Ann, daughter of Thos. Boles, of Youghal, and 
died s. p. 1824, when his estates went between his 
daughters and their issue. 

2. George, of Mountprospect, Major 8th Reg. of 
Foot, served in Egypt under Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
married (i) Elizabeth, daughter of John Nason, of 
Newtown, county Cork, she died without surviving 
issue; and (2) Catherine Jones, daughter of William 
Hall, of Bath, and died 1826, leaving issue three sons, 
I. George, of Mountprospect, died May 15, 1879, leav- 
ing issue. 2. Harry, Lieut., died in India, Sept. 14, 
1864, leaving issue. 3. William, Lieut. 66th Regi- 
ment, died unmarried, 1879. 

3. Spotswood, cf whom hereafter. 

1. Ann, married Francis Woodley, of Leades, 
county Cork, and had issue. 

2. Catherine, mar. Lieut. -Colonel John Creigh- 
ton, and had issue, 

3. Dorothea, married Lieut. -General Sir Henry 
Oakes, second baronet of Mitcham, Surrey, and had 
issue. 

4. Margaret, married Rev. Ralph Wartar Wilson, 
of Kilcummer, county Cork, and had issue. 

5. Charlotte, married Lieut. Henry Palmer, 68th 
Regiment, afterward 37th Regiment. 

6. Maria, married (i) Lieut. -Col. Browning; (2) 
Lieut. -Colonel Bradish. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 45 

7. Sophia, married (i) Robert Corban; (2) John 
Benjamin Bloomfield. 

8. Harriet, married Major-General James Alex- 
ander, and had issue. 

9. Isabella de Vere, married Wm. Woodley, 
Lieutenant City of Cork Militia, and had issue. 

Geo. Bowles, whose will is dated Feb 12, 1792, 
died 1803, and was buried at Tallow. His 3d son, 

Spotswood Bowles, of Ahern, county Cork, J. P., 
Lieut. 29th Regiment, born 1784, married 1812, Jane, 
who died Dec. 24, 1885, eldest daughter of Thomas 
John, of Youghal, and died Feb. 2, 1864, having had 
issue, 

1. George, late of Ahern. 

2. Thomas John, born Dec. 5, 1814, Lieutenant 
99th Regiment, died March 7, 1885. 

3. Henry, born July 23, 1816, died unmarried in 
1859. 

4. Spotswood, of Springfield, Castlemartyr, b rn 
April 3, 1818, married Nov. 29, 1849, Anne Eliza Boles 
eldest daughter of William Webb, of Castlenugent, J. 
P. county Longford, succeeded to Springfield and Mo- 
geely, near Castlemartyr, on the death of his relative 
Rev. William Bowles, 1855, and died November i, 
1893, having by her, who died August 10, had issue, i, 
William, of Springfield, county Cork, born December 

8, 1850, married January 29, 1898, Elizabeth Wood, 
eldest daughter of Francis Edward Rowland, J. P., of 
Kilboy House, Cloyne, county Cork. She died May 

9, 1904. 2. Spotswood, now of Ahern. 3. George 
Henry, born September 6, 1856. 

5. William John, died unmarried, 1822. 



46 THE HISTORY OF 

6. John Wright (Rev.), born October 13, 1823, 
M.A., incumbent of Nonagh and Archdeacon of Killa- 
loe, married ist, June 24, 1852, Ann Charlotte, daugh- 
ter of Wm. Henry Gabbett, of Caherline, county Lim- 
erick. She died April 17, 1853, leaving issue, i. 
Ann Charlotte, married November 11, 1875, Lieut. - 
General Sir William Henry Seymour, K. C. B. Rev. 
J.W.Bowles married 2dly June 17, 1858, Eliza, daugh- 
ter of John Andrews of Ratheny, J. P. King's county; 
she died August 21, 1898, and he died August 24, 1888, 
having had further issue, i Ludlow Tonson, born 
April 28, 1859, Major East Surrey Regiment, married 
January 18, 1894, Rosa Elizabeth, daughter of the late 
the Right Hon. W. S. Baxter, member of Parliament 
for Montrose Burghs. 2 Spotswood Robert, MA, born 
July 24, 1862. 3 John de Vere, Lieutenant R F A, 
born March 19, 1877. 2d daughter, Eliza Rebecca, 
died February 14, 1865. 3^ daughter, Ida Jane. 

7, William Robert, born October 19, 1827, of 
Liverpool, late Lieutenant South Cork Militia, married 
and died March 5, 1890, leaving issue, 

8 Vere Hunt, of R<;sanna, county Cork, born 
April 6, 1829, Lieutenant-General in the Army, for- 
merly Colonel commanding the Eighty-third Regiment- 
al District; served with the 63d Regiment throughout 
the Crimean campaign, which corps he commanded as 
Lieutenant-Colonel from August, '67, till December, 
*75, when he exchanged into the 37th Foot, and was 
appointed to the command of the Eighty-third Regi- 
mental District of Belfast; has the Crimean medal 
with four clasps for Alma, Balaklava, Inkerman, and 
Sebastopol, the 5th Class Order of the Medjidie, and 



" THE BOWLES FAMILY. 47 

Turkish War medal; married June 4, '68, Ellen Anne, 
daughter ;f Robert Hunt, of Cloughnadromin and 
Green Hills, J. P., county Limerick. 

1 Margaret Sarah Lydia, died an infant, 1822. 

2 Dorothea, married Richard Nason, of New- 
town, and has issue. 

3 Margaret John, married February ij, 1862, 
James Matthew Green, Captain 70th Regiment, eldest 
son of Thomas Murdoch Green, of Aghadoe, Killeagh, 
county Cork, and has issue; she died November 14, 
1896. 

Mr. Bowles was succeeded by his eldest son, 

Geo. Bowles, of Ahern, A.M., Maj. So. Cork Mili- 
tia, born October 8, 181 3, died February 26, 1886, and 
was succeeded by his nephew. 

ARMS. Az., a chevron arg. between three cups 
or, out of each a :oar's head erect, arg. 

CREST. A boar's head arg., transfixed with a 
spear ppr. 

MOTTO. Patior ut potiar. 

SEAT. Ahern, Conna, county Cork, Ireland. 



THOMAS GIBSON BOWLES, Member uf Par- 
liament, author, publicist, traveller. 25 Lowndes 
Square, London, S. W. 

COLONEL ARTHUR MONTAGU BOWLES, 
North Staffordshire Regiment, retired. 

LIEUT. -GENERAL VERE HUNT BOWLES, 
retired 1887; acting as colonel Manchester Regiment, 
1899. 



48 THE HISTORY OF 

COL. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS BOWLES, 

Royal Artillery, Chief Instructor School of Gunnery. 

COi-.. r i\L-ju'i-.i\iC>i'v v-»ii-.i-ji-i\ i i-<Ov\i-.*-o, Koy3.1 
Engineers, commanding Second Division Telegraph 
Battalion. 

COL. HENRY BOWLES, Princess of Wales* 
Own Yorkshire Regiment. 

LIEUT. JOHN DE V. BOWLES, 48th Regiment 
Royal Horse and Field Artillery. 

LIEUT. JAS. ARTHUR BOWLES, Royal Horse 
and Field Artillery. 

MAJOR LUDLOW TONSON BOWLES, East 
Surrey Regiment, S.S.O., Delhi, India. 

FRANCIS ALAN RICHARD BOWLES, R. N., 
Alexandra. 

GEOFFREY TATTON BOWLES, R. N., on 
St. George with training squadron. 

COL. HENRY BOWLES, Milton Hill, Berks. 

HENRY CARINGTON BOWLES, Myddelton 
House, Waltham Cross, Herts. 

HENRY FERRYMAN BOWLES, J. P., Forty 
Hall, Enfield, Middlesex. 

ROBERT LEAMAN BOWLES, M. D., 16 Upper 
Brooke street, London, W. 

COL. THOMAS J. BOWLES, Streatley Wood 
House, Reading. 

WILLIAM HENRY BOWLES, Lawford Place, 
Manningtree, Essex, 

ARTHUR CARINGTON BOWLES, of Bowles' 
Post Chaise Companies, and "Travellers* Directory 
through England and Wales," and *'A General Atlas.'* 

EMILY BOWLES, authoress, "Mme. Main- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 49 

tenon," etc. 

COWLES BROS., Bankers, the Strand, London. 



Crests anb Erms* 

Not all the branches of the Bowles name possess 
the heraldic right to bear arms, and, of course, to those 
branches in America the coat-of-arms have but an anti- 
quarian and sentimental interest. The simplest de- 
scription of the Bowles arms of the parent family is 
that given by armorial books: "Arms: Three stand- 
ing bowls, or (gold), out of each a boar's head, argent 
(silver), on a blue shield." The bowls signifying 
the name and the boar's heads courage. 

There have been twelve distinct coats-of-arms 
bcrne by as many branches of the family in England, 
and al' seem to have retained the distinguishing device 
of the three bowls. The Suffolk branch was granted 
during the reign of Henry VIII , in 1518, a coat-of- 
arms closely resembling that of the Lincolnshire 
family. Arms corresponding to these were brought 
to America by the early pioneers and are traceable in 
Virginia, where they were used during the i8th cen- 
tury • r earlier for decorative purposes. The early 
New England emigrants, influenced by the spirit of 
Puritanism, probably cared little for either the senti- 
mental or decorative possibilities of the Bowles arms, 
but in later days for book-plates, seals, mural decora- 
tions, stationerv, etc.. thev have in some instances 



50 THE HISTORY OF 

used both the arms and crest of the Lincolnshire, 
or parent family. 

The crests of various branches of the family as 
given by "Washburn's Book of Family Crests," is 
as follows: 

Lincoln. "-A demi-boar az., armed, hoofed and 
bristled or, pierced through the chest with an arro.v, 
of the second, headed or. 

Lincoln.— A demi-bcar, erect, erminis, the sinister 
'shoulder pierced with an arrow, or. Motto.--- Ut tibi 
sic alteri. (As to you so to another). 

Kent. -"On straw, pp., an owl, wings expanded, 
charged on the breast with. 

Wilts.— A griffin's head erased, or. On another 
out of a ducal coronet. 

Wilts.— Out of a ducal coronet, or, a griffin's 
head, sa., beaked and between two wings ^f the first. 

Hereford and Herts. ---On a ducal coronet, or., a 
boar's head couped, sa., between two wings gu., bil- 
lettes of the first. 

Herts.— On a ducal coronet, or., a boar's head, 
arg., between two wings, gu. 

Herts.— A buck's head, arg., attired or. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. ;i 



Zbc Enalisb IRoll- 



This Roll of the Bowles family was compiled by 
Mr. George Bowles, of London, one of the best of the 
English genealogists, and has been accepted unchanged 
after surviving the scrutiny of experts in Britain, 
V hile many of the more important details can be veri- 
fied by books and manuscripts accessible to the casual 
investigator in the libraries and repositories of England. 
The original copy of the Roll indicated the sources 
which yielded the data from which it was compiled; 
but as these sources comprise wills, deeds and manu- 
scripts not on this side of the Atlantic it was deemed 
useless to include them in a volume designed for circu- 
lation in the United States. 

In the times previous to the nineteenth century, 
when orthography was remarkable for its variable in- 
accuracy, the name "Bowles" was written phoneti- 
cally, or as the fancy of the writer dictated. In one 
instance, which is typical, the father's tomb is in- 
scribed *'BoIles" while that of the child is spelled 
•^Bowles." But latitude in spelling was characteris- 
tic of the times, and well illustrated by the remark of 
Jefferson ''That everyone should have education 
enough to know how to spell his name in more than 



one wav." 



52 THE HrSTORY OF 

But orthography is progressive, and spelling which 
was considered correct by our ancestors has failed to 
survive the more accurate intelligence of this age, and 
so the name spelled by the Saxons '' Bolla," by the 
Normans ''Boel" and "Bole," and through the suc- 
ceeding centuries "Boles," "de Bolle," "Bolles," 
"Bowie," "Bowl," "Bowles," etc., is now by the 
majority of the descendants of the original progenitors 
written "Bowles." 

As the meaning of the name "Bowles" is obvious, 
and as all the authorities agree with Lower, who says 
in his " Patronymica Brittanica," that the name was 
derived from " bowl," and the appearance of the three 
bowls in the coat-of-arms from early times emphasizes 
the derivation, it is not unreasonable to prefer the 
spelling which in our day approaches nearest to the 
meaning, and which has in both Britain and America 
been borne by men of such eminence as to give it an 
historical force and to stam.p it with the approval of 
custcm. The descendants of de Burgh spell the name 
"Burke," and the descendants of "de Belle" exercise 
a similar privilege. Without expressing preference 
for any of the various spellings of the name "Burke's 
Landed Gentry," and "The General Armory" agree 
that the names "Bowles" and "Bolles" are of identi- 
cal origin. 

The records from which the Bowles Roll was taken 
have the name in these various forms, and the perpet- 
uation in the United States of these many spellings 
can be of little value even to the historian. Therefore 
in printing the Roll complete for the first time it is 
deemed advisable to avoid the attrition and mutilation 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 53 

of the ages and to preserve the name as it is now spelt 
in this the twentieth century. 

A manuscript copy of this Roll was secured from 
the original by the Hon. Spotswood Bowles, Ahern 
House, Conna, county Cork, Ireland, and by him 
transmitted to Mr. Samuel Bowies, of Springfield, 
Mass., accompanying it with the following letter: 

"Springfield, Conna, co. Cork. 
Sept. I, 1891. 

MR. SAMUEL BOWLES, 

Springfield, Mass. 

I now send yuu a most au- 
thentic pedigree of the Bow les Family, compiled after 
years of research by Mr. George Bowles, of London, 
with a few additions by myself concerning the North 
Aston family. This Roll is indeed a wonderful pro- 
duction, and far surpasses Illingworth's Bowles Roll in 
the Book of Scampton, 1808. 

As you will see, your branch is proved and set 
out in the ancient pedigree. . . Mr. Bowles 
writes in a letter to me that he thinks the Thomas 
Bolles mentioned on page 2 of **The Samuel Buwles 
Genealogical Notes '* was a son of Joseph Bolles, of 
Wells, Maine, in 1653, who returned to England and 
went out again in the ship Speedwell to New England 
in 1656.— Vide Hinman's ''Genealogy of the Puri- 
tans," pp. 207-8. The will of John Bolles, 2d son of 
Thomas Bolles, of Osberton, Notts, in 1665, speaks of 
his brother Joseph as then in Nev/ England. It ap- 
pears from the ''Calendar of State Papers, Colonial 
Series, 1574— 1660," that William Bowles was Clerk 



54 THE HISTORY OF 

nf the Council for New England in 1622. This is the 
earliest record of the name in America so far as I know. 

Yours Sincerel)', 

SPOTSWOOD BOWLES. 

P. S. Mr. George Bowles' Pedigree is irrefut- 
able, as vou will see by the references given. 

S.B. 



The first historic progenitor of the Bowles family 
was the Norman knight 

BOLE, 1066. (Roll of Battle Abbey). 

WILLIAM BOLE, of Lincolnshire, reign of Richard 
Coeur de Lion, 1189--1190. 

ALANE BOWLES (Bollei, Lord of Swynesheade and 
of the several Manors within the same called Bole 
Hall, Lincolnshire, Balliver's Regis. Living 1272, 
died 1273. 'Vide Hundred Rolls). 

GILBERT BOWLES, of Lincoln, had two daugh- 
ters, Agnes and Lucy, of Arwarthlin. Lincolnshire, 
living in 1272. 

JOHN BOWLES. Sub-Escheator at Kirktown 
Hoyland, county Lincoln. 

THOMAS BOWLES DE BOLE (Bolle de Bole), liv- 
ing 1257. Gave "de Bole" 127^. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 55 

WILLIAM, son of Thomas, held lands i n Con- 
ingsby, parcel of the Manor of Scrivelsby, of the 
Earl of Richmond by knight service. Died 22d 
year of the reign of Edward II., Jan. 2, 1327 A.D. 

CECILIA, daughter of Thomas, one year and 
four month's old at the death of her father, was in 
wardship of the crown. Died sixth year of the 
reign of Edward III., 1332 A. D. 

JOHN OF BOLE HALL, born 1272, succeeded in 

/1 332 to the estates of his niece Cecilia. 
John of Bole Hall had three sons: William, 
Godfrey and Reginald. 
Reginald, of Bole Hall in GosLerkirk, married 
Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of Richard 
Moulton. His heir, 
William, married a daughter of Sir Richard Nye. 

His heir, 
Reginald, married a daughter of Welby. 

His heir, 
William, married a daughter of Sir John Tempest. 

His heir, 
John, married daughter of Sir Vincent Arding- 
shelles (or Hardingshelles), of Saltby. 

His heir, 
Richard Bowles lalso Bolles), married daughter 
and co-heiress of Richard Haugh of Haugh. 

WILLIAM. 

His daughter and heiress, 



56 THE HISTORY OF 

Mabel, married Sir John Woodford, knight. 

GODFREY, of Swynesheade, brother and heir of 
William Bowles. 

JOHN, Member . of Parliament for Lincoln, twenty- 
ninth year of Edward III., 1355, married Joane, 
daughter and heiress of Walter Goddard of 
Moulton. » 

RANULPH, of Swynesheade in 1382, died before 
1396, married Katherine, daughter and heiress of 
John Pulcroft of Brownfield. Founded a Chantry 
at Algarkirke. Escheator twentieth year of Rich- 
ard II. Had son John and daughter Thomasine. 
Thomasine married Sir Ralph Darby, knight. 
The heir of Ranulph, 
JOHN, married Mary, daughter and heiress of William 
Angevyne by Eleanor, daughter and heiress of 
William de Adderly. 

The heir of John, 
WILLIAM, married Amye, daughter of John Kyme, of 
Friskney. 

His heir, 

JOHN, SHERIFF OF LINCOLNSHIRE in the six- 
teenth year of Edward IV., 1477. Died before 
1495. Buried in Lady Chapel of Gosberkirke 
Church. He must have been heir of his fifth 
cousin Richard. He married Katherine, daughter 
and co-heiress of Richard Haugh of Haugh and his 
wife Anne, who was heiress of Robert Bell. She 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 57 

died 1496. She must have been heiress to her 

sister the wife of Richard Bowles. 
Pedigee of Richard Haugh: 
Richard Haugh married Anne Bell, had two 
daughters, Katherine, who married John 
Bowles, and another, who was his heiress, 
who married Richard Bowles. 

JOHN^ THE SHERIFF, had seven sons and one 
daughter Jane or Joane. The sons were Richard 
of Haugh, Robert, William de Wortham, John of 
Wigtoft, Thomas of Gosberkirke, Godfrey of 
Gosberkirke, and Ranulph of Kilvedon Hatch. 

Eldest son of Juhn the Sheriff was 

RICHARD OF HAUGH, in right of his mother buried 
at Markley. He married Isabel, sister of Sir 
Richard Xariton of Cornwall, knight, who died s. 
p. legis Jan. 6, 1506. 

Eldest son, 

JOHN, nephew and heir-at-law of Sir Richard 
Nanfan. Died Jan. i, 1506 O. S., and then aged 
26 years or more. As his brother Richard ac- 
quired the Haugh and Gosberton estates one 
would suppose that John died s. p. But what be- 
came of the Nanfan estate ? 

RICHARD of Haugh and Gosberton, Esquire and 
J. P., died 1 521. Buried at Haugh. Married 



58; THE HISTORY OF 

Marian, daughter and heiress of John Fitzwilliam 
of Maplethorpe, living 1532. 

Eldest son, 

JOHN, of Stratfort-at-Bow, Middlesex, Esquire, Lord 
of the Manor of Kilvedon Hatch, Essex. Gentle- 
man Usher to Henry VIII. Died 1532. Buried 
at St. Mary's, Bromly-by-Bow. Married, first, 
Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Tyrwhit, knight, of 
Kettleby; married second, Julyan, daughter of 
Sir William Roche, Lord Mayor of London. She 
died Dec, 1534. 

RICHARD, of Boston and Haugh. Gentleman Usher 
to Henry VIII. Sheriff of Lincolnshire from 1551- 
1569. Died February 6, 1591. Buried in Boston 
Chancel. Married (i) Jane, daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Skipwith, of Ormsby, knight, by Alice, 
daughter and co-heiress of Sir Lionel Dymoke, 
knight; 12) Anne, daughter of Risbye; (3) Mar- 
garet, daughter of [probably] Ranor, living April 
1590. 

Brothers and sisters of Richard Bowles 
uf Boston and Haugh were, 

1. Robert. 

2. William. 

3. Katherine. 

4. George, of Saltfleet by All Saints, who mar- 

ried Katherine, daughter of Br}'an New- 
comes. 

5. Lion, whose wife was named Mary and 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 59 

whose children were 
Richard, living 1576; ' 
Lyon, living 1576; 
Frances. 

Richard Bowles of Boston and Haugh had 
by Jane Skipwith, his first wife, 

Mary, married Anthony Tournay of 

Coventry; 
Anne, married Leonard Craycroft; 
Gertrude, married Leonard Kirkman 

of Kele. 
Ursula, married John Kirkman, 
and a son, 

CHARLES, of Haugh, Esquire, died Feb. 3, 1590. 
Buried in Haugh Church. Married ii) Katherine, 
daughter of Sir Edward Dymoke of Scrivelsby, 
knight; (2) Bridget, daughter of George Fane, Es- 
quire, of Badshill, Kent; (3) Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Powtrall, Esquire, of West Hallam, Der- 
byshire; (4) Anne, daughter of William Dymoke, 
Esquire, of Friskney. She married (2) Barthol- 
emew Annine, Esquire, of Osfodly, and died Au- 
gust 18, 1616. Buried in Lincoln Cathedral. 

Charles of Haugh had by his first wife 
Katherine a daughter, Anne Bowles. 

By his third wife Mary he had Elizabeth, 
who married Thomas Gilby, Esquire, 
of Stanton-in-the-Hole. 

By his second wife Bridget he had 



6o THE HISTORY OF 

SIR JOHN BOWLES, of Haugh and Thorpe Hall in 
Louth. Knighted by the Earl of Essex in siege of 
Cadiz, 1596. Governor of Kinsale. Born 1560; 
died November 3, 1606. Monument to him in 
Chancel of Haugh Church. Married Elizabeth, 
daughter and heiress of Edward Waters, of Lynn, 
Norfolk, and widow of Edward Bacon. She died 
1646. 

Katherine, daughter of Charles Bowles 
of Haugh, by Bridget his second wife, 
married Sir Edv\-ard Carr, of Sleaford, 
knight and baronet. 

Sir John Bowles of Haugh and Thorpe 
Hall had five daughters, who were: 

Elizabeth, who married George Cray- 
croft, of Sallflecty; 

Mary, who married Nat. Hunt; 

Martha, who married Doughty; 

Katherine, who married Christ. Palmer 
of Borough; 

Bridget, of Uffaly, who died unmarried. 

SIR CHARLES BOWLES of Thorpe Hall, eldest son 
of Sir John. Knighted November 12, 1616. De- 
puty-Lieutenant for Lincolnshire. Served in 
the bodyguard of Charles I. Born Nov. 15, 1593; 
died February 1661. Married (i) Elizabeth, 
daughter and heiress of Humphrey Stafford, Es- 
quire, nf Beatherwick, Northamptonshire; (2) 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 6l 

Anne, daughter of Stephens, Esquire, and 

sister of Colonel John Stephens; (3) Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Arthur Chester, baronet, and 
widow of Gervase Cressy, Esquire, John Win- 
gate, Esquire, and Richard Duncomb, Esquire. 
She married fifth Francis Layer, Esquire, of Nor- 
folk. Baptized on the second Sunday, 1596; died 
1675. 

Secund son of Sir John Bovsles of Haugh 
and Thorpe Hall was 

John Buwles of Louth, who died 1654. Married 
Laura, daughter of John Bradley <^f Louth. 

Eldest son, 
John Bowles; 

Second sen, 
Charles Bowles. 

Daughters, 
Jane, who married Harriman, of 

Borough; 
Elizabeth; 
Bridget, born 1641, died November 22, 

1687. Married Benjamin Keane of 

King's Lynn merchant. 
Another daughter who died a child. 



•to' 



Third son of Sir John Buwles of Haugh 
and Thorpe Hall was 

Edward Bowles, of London, a merchant and bach- 
elor. 



62 THE HISTORY OF 

Sir Charles Bowles of Thorpe Hall 
had by his first wife Elizabeth six 
or seven daughters and a son Charles, 
who was born in 1632 or 1633. 

JOHN BOWLES, Esquire, heir of Thorpe Hall, born 
1630, died 1674. Married, first, Ursula, daughter 
of George Bradley of Louth, she died 1663; mar- 
ried second, Elizabeth, daughter of George Vesly 
of Brampton, Yorkshire, and widow of Francis 
Bradshaw, Esquire. 

To John Bowles v\ Thorpe Hall by his 

wife Ursula was born 
Charles, Esquire, of the Middle Temple, who died 
unmarried in 1699, 

and 
JOHN BOWLES, Esquire, of Thorpe Hall, torn 1653, 
died March 12, 1732, aged 79. Married Margaret, 
who was born in 1644 and died February 27, 1728, 
aged 84. Buried at Louth. 

John tif Thorpe Hall had b}' his second 
wife Elizabeth: 

Edward, Esquire, oi Brampton, wht) died unmar- 
ried in 1696 or 1697; 

Elizabeth, who married Rev. Thomas Bosville; 
Sarah, who married Henry Eyre, Esquire. 

Second Son of Richard of Bi ston and 
Haugh by his wife Anne Risbye was 



THE BOWLES FA/VIILY. 63 

Richard, born 1570. Entered Gray's Inn, Oct. 
2j, 1588. Lived at Stenigot in 1599 and at Louth 
1618 and 1646. Died before 1654. His wife died 
before 1618. 

Daughter, 

Elizabeth, baptized Dec. 12, 1599. 

Third son of Richard of Boston and 
Haugh, by his wife Ann Risbye, was 
John, who entered Gray's Inn June 21, 1591. 
Married before January, 1590, (i) Mary, daughter 
of William Matham of Ballington; [2) Margaret, 
daughter of Mussenden of Beasly, Lincoln. 

Eldest son of John by Margaret his sec- 
ond wife, was 

Richard, who was under age in 1606. 
Second son by Margaret was 
John. 

Fourth child, a daughter, uf Richard of 
Boston and Haugh, was 
Jane, who married Mr. Thomas Audley, of 
Grantham. 



SECOND SON OF JOHN THE SHERIFF v.as 
ROBERT BOWLES, of whom nothing is known. 



64 THL H:- i' ' •• ' • 

THIRD SON OF JOHN THE SHERIFF as 

WILfelAW BOWLES DE WORTHAM, in county 
Suffolk arms: ex d me ' Hau.^h in ctuinty Lin- 
coln, 1528. Settled at Osbert *n, Notts, 1541. 
Married Elizabeth. 

Eldest son, 

WILLIAM, born 1495; ^^i<^J I575- ^~*^^ '-^ x'ears; mar- 
ried U) Mar^Liaret, daughter of Henr}' Pa vs n; 2-- 
Lucy, daughter nf Jchn Watts, Esquire. By his 
second w ife Lucy he had 

WILLIAM. 

Boneventine. 

Mary, whc married Th<'mas Lock'\\"'>d. 
Bonjamin of Osberton, born about 1542; married 
Anne, daughter of Ly -n Go'^drich >if Kirkb\", Lin- 
coln cour.ty, by whom he had t a o sons: 
Thomas and William. 
William married and h:id issue. 

THOMAS BOWLES married 1) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Perkins, < f Fishca :e, Yorivshire; 2' 
Mary, daughter of William W:tl:am of LeJsio:;, 
and widow of Jobson. M:ir\-, >• h« ■ : s vr. ;!:rv" 
Baronetess of Sc tland in 1625, b-re two daugh- 
ters, Anne, who married Sir William Dalston, and 
Mary, who married William Leigh. 

Thomas Bowles had by his first wife, 
Elizabeth, three sons: Samuel, J(^hn and 
Joseph. 

SAMUEL BOWLES OF WORKSOP, born 1601, died 



1 HL ;-.' J ^ I— i- . . 65 

bef 're 1602, married Martha, dauprhter of Robert 
WnodhoLise, by whom he had a son Samuel and 
dauuliters Mary and Anne. 
^ AMUHL OF OSBERTON, died 1658, married Eliza- 
hetii. 

Mar\- married Wilhcim Leake. 
Anne married Jolm Bellingham. 

JOHN BOWLHS, second son nf Thomas, married (i ; 

Anne, duuijhter -f Sir James S\\ innest<>n; (2) 

Jane, dauuhter of Chute, and (3) Frances, 

wii-' died in 1666. 
JOSEPH BOWLES, third S'.n -^f Samuel Bnu les, 

uent to Nev. Eni^land. 



FOURTH SON OF JOHN THE SHERIFF 

was 
JOHN BOWLES OF WIGTOFT, living 1465, mar- 
ried Ciiilxrine, dcughter of MntethalK', living 
146^. H;iJ t"'-' daughters, Catherine, living 
1496, and J- ane, lixii^L: 14^^. 



FIFTH SON OF JOHN THE SHERIFF 

was 
THOMAS BOWLES OF GOSBERKIRK, living 1489. 
Collected tiie subsid)^ fi)r King Henry Vli. 



66 THE HISTORY OF 

SIXTH SON OF JOHN THE SHERIFF 

was 
GODFREY BOWLES OF GOSBERKIRKE in i40 
Will probated February 9, 1532. Married Alice, 
daughter of Humphrey Smallpage of Norfolk, and 
widow of Alexander Booth. 

Godfrey of Gosberkirk had six sons : 
John, Rankyn, Thomas, Richard, George 
and Godfrey. 

Eldest son, 

JOHN BOWLES OF GOSBERTON, in 1545, died 

1550, married Rose, daughter of Anthony Irby of 
Gosberkirk, by whom he had two sons, Godfrey 
and Thomas, and two daughters, Margaret and 
Anne. 

GODFREY, who had several children, married Mary, 
living 1557. 

JOHN OF GOSBERTON, living 1587, was probably 
a son of Godfrey. 

THOMAS, probably the same as Thomas Bowles of 
Kirton in 1545, died 1551, married Margaret, living 

1 551, by whom he had a son Thomas and a 
daughter Alice. 

THOMAS, son of Thomas Bowles of Kirton, born in 
Lincolnshire, came into Kent, married and had 



THE BOWLES FA.WILY. 67 

two sons, William and John, and two daughters, 
Alice and Mary. 

WILLIAM OF BROMLEY, died 1609, married [i] Jo- 
anna, daughter and heiress of Henry Birch of Lon- 
don; [2] Anne, daughter and heiress of a Mr. 
Flurry, died 1612. His first wife bore him two 
sons, Robert and William, and a daughter Emma, 
who married John Cornelius. 

ROBERT, son of William Bowles of Bromley, lived in 
Chislehurst, Kent, and afterwards New Windsor. 
He was Groom of the Tents to Queen Elizabeth. 
He married Frances, daughter of George Baker, 
of London, Surgeon to Queen Elizabeth. 
William, his brother, moved to London. 
Robert Bowles had eight children, the names of 
four of the sons were George, William, afterwards 
knighted, Robert and Francis Bowles of Sunbury 
in Middlesex; daughters Mary, Anne, Elizabeth 
and Adriana. 

The eldest son of Robert Bowles, Groom 
of the Tents, was 

GEORGE BOWLES, of London, M. D., died April 4, 
1672, who married Abigail, born 1621, daughter of 
William Brooke. 

Dr. George Bowles had four daughters, 
Elizabeth, who married John Sampson. 
Mary. Frances. Anne, who married 
Major Edmond Wilson, of Brighton. Abi- 



68 THE HISTORY OF 

gail, who died unmarried in 1676, and a 
son, 
George Bowles, of Peckham, Surrey, living 1690. 

SIR WILLIAM BOWLES, knight, of Clerkenwell and 
Windsor, Master of the Foils, Gentleman of the 
Privy Chamber, and Justice of the Peace, died 
January i, 1681, married Margaret, daughter of 
Dr. John Doane, Dean of St. Paul's, who died 
1679. He had two sons, William and Charles. 

His eldest son, 

WILLIAM BOWLES, Esquire, of Windsor and Claver, 
Master of the Tents, etc., married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Charles Modyford, baronet, by 
Mary his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Norton, 
baronet, of Coventry. She died in 1737. Wil- 
liam Bowles of Windsor and Claver had a son, 

CHARLES BOWLES, Esq., uf North Aston, died 
1780, who married Jane, daughter of a Mr. Clarke, 
and widow of Martin Fellowes. He had two 
children, a son Oldfield and a daughter Anne. 
Anne married Robert Graham, Esquire. 

* 
His heir, 

OLDFIELD BOWLES, of North Aston, Esquire, 
married (i), in 1760, Gertrude, daughter of Sir 
Richard Bamfylde, baronet. She died in 1769. 
He married '2' Marv, daughter r-f Sir Abraham 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 69 

Isaac Elton, baronet, of Clivedon Court, Somerset, 
Oldfield Bowles had by Mary, his second wife, 

eight daughters, 

Jane, who married Richard Palmer, Es- 
quire, of Holme Park; 
Mary, married Sir George Armytage, 
baronet, of Kirklees; 
Anne, married the Right Honorable Wil- 
liam Sturges Bourne, of Festwood, 
Hants; 

Emma, married the Reverend Ralph H, 
Brancking, of Gerforth, in Northumber- 
land; 

Elizabeth, married William Markham, 
Esquire, of Becca Hall, York; 
Lucy, married Wm. Holbeck, Esquire, 
of Farnborough, Warwick; 
Laura Gertrude, married Frederick Mog- 
sey. Esquire, of West Wickham, Kent; 
Frances, married Edward Golding, Es- 
quire, of Maiden-Erlegh, Berks. 
Son bv second wife, Marv, was 

CHARLES OLDFIELD BOWLES, Esquire, of Nurth 
Aston, J. P. and D. L., Lieut. -Colonel Oxford 
Militia Born August 30, 1785; died July, 1842. 
Married April 9, 181 5, Elizabeth, eldest daughter 
of Matthew Lord Rokeby. 

Charles Oldfield Bowles had three suns and two 
daughters. 



70 THE HISTORY OF 



sons, 



Colonel Charles Bowles, 
Henry Oldfield Bowles, 
Edward, born August 27, 1825. 

daughters, 

Jane Lydia, who married Leopold, Baron 

Gronys de Frundonstein; 

Laura Gertrude Anna, who married Col. 

Greenwood. 

COLONEL CHARLES BOWLES, born May 5, 1816, 
married Martina, daughter of Dr. William Lewis 
Grant, and widow of Captain A. Jackson. 

HENRY OLDFIELD BOWLES, Colonel Rifle Bri- 
gade, born January 7, 1818, majried Barbara, 
daughter of Pelham Warren, M. D., in 1842. 



THE SECOND SON OF THOMAS who came 
into Kent 

was 
JOHN OF BRASTED, living 1609, married Alis 
Ward, who bore him five children, William, John, 
Margaret and Alis, who all died young, 

and 
ZACHARY, \Nho married twice, his sec^md wife was 
Elizabeth Cox, whom he married in 1578, and 



THE BOWLES FAMILY. 71 

who died in 1600. She bore him three sons and a 
daughter: 

William, born and died in 1578; 

William, born July i, 1582; he was a 
grocer in London in 1612; 

Thomas, died in 1 599 without male issue; 

Jane, baptized September 15, 1583. 



THIRD SON OF GODFREY OF GOSBER- 
KIRKE 

was 

THOMAS, who married Jane, daughter oi George 
Winter, of Northington, Leicester county. He 
had two sons, Robert, and George, who was after- 
wards the Lord Mayor of London. He had a 
daughter who married a Mr. Keene. 

SIR GEORGE BOWLES, Lord Mayur uf Lundun 
(1617), born 1538, died September i, 1621, aged 
83. Buried at St. Swithins, where his monu- 
ment stands in a state of good preservation. He 
married Joane, eldest daughter of Sir John Harte, 
knight, and Lord Mayor of London in 1590. She 
was the widow of Edward Gage, and died in 1636, 
afte, bearing two sons, 

John, afterwards knighted; 
George. 

Daughters: 



72 THE HISTORY OF 

Anne, who married Lieut. -Col. H. Smith; 
Judith. 

SIR JOHN BOWLES, Baronet, uf Scampton, Sheriff 
of Lincoln in 1627, died March 8, 1648, aged 67. 
He married Katherine, eldest daughter of Thomas 
Conyers, of North Brodham, Notts. She died 
September 20, 1644. She bore three sons: 

George, died unmarried in 1632; 

Robert, after\N ards knighted; 

John, baptized May 29, married June 29, 

1624. 

Daughters: 
Carmenissa, baptized November 28, 

1614; buried February 9, 1616; 
Joanna, baptized July 27, 1620; buried 

October 21, 1629; 
Elizabeth, born March 6, baptized March 

26, 1628; 
Isabel, married September 11, 164--. 

SIR ROBERT BOWLES, Baronet, Member of Parlia- 
ment for Lincoln in 1661; baptized April 11, 1619; 
died August, 1663. Married Mary, daughter of 
Sir Edward Hussey, of Hussington. She died 
November, 1872, the mother of two sons: 

John, afterwards knighted; 

Robert, who left no issue. 

Daughters: 

Isabel, married Sir Peter Wythe, knight; 



THE BOWLES FA.^AILY. 73 

Elizabeth; 

Katharine, married Thos. Walker, Esq.; 

Mary, married (i) Sir Thomas Agar; (2) 

Sir Miles Coke; 
Anne, married George Antrobus; 
Olympia, died 1656, aged two years. 

SIR JOHN BOWLES, Baronet, of Scampton and 
Gray's Inn, married (i) Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Pynsent, Esq.; {2) Elizabeth, eldest daugh- 
ter of Sir Vincent Corbet, Baronet, of Merton 
Corbet. Elizabeth, his second wife, bore two 
sons, John, afterwards knighted, and Henry, bur- 
ied April 8, 1671, and two daughters, Elizabeth, 
buried April 9, 1679, ^ri^ Sarah, heiress ^>f her 
brother Sir John. Sarah died at Shrewsbury 
November 7, 1746, unmarried. 

SIR JOHN BOWLES, Baronet, M. P. for Lincoln, 
died unmarried December, 1714. 



THE SECOND SON OF SIR WM. BOWLES 
OF CLERKENWELL AND WINDSOR 

was 
CHARLES BOWLES, Esquire, of Clerkenwell and 
New Windsor, who married Martha Fuller, who 
bore him f'ur sons. Fuller, Francis, William and 
Charles. 

REV. FULLER BOWLES, Vicar of Rueslip, Middle- 



74 THE HISTORY OF 

sex, died 1743, married Mary, who bure him a 
son, 

NORTON BOWLES, who married Mary, daughter ut 
Richard Harcourt, Esq. 



SEVENTH SON OF JOHN THE SHERIFF 

was 
RANULF (called Rankin Bolles or Bollys), Rector of 
Kilvedon Hatch, Essex. Died 1511. 



EIGHTH CHILD OF JOHN THE SHERIFF 

was a daughter 
JANE or JOANE BOWLES, who married Robert Col- 
vyle about 1477. 






75 




SCAMPTON HALL GATE. 
PLATE I. 



77 




SCAMPTON CHURCH. 

PLATE 2. 



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fe 



^ 






:>iis. 



^ 



^^/ 









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A 






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:^'^:.-. 
i^^'^"^:^-: 



79 







-1 ,_y ••■•-«Wi?i«t»«>«i:*>-«B^.'«¥v» '- 1* 
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.. ■■ . ■»!;,>. ..nr .nrt «^-'.-..-^'--:-^ j y^ g||^^^.. 





MONUMENT TO SIR JOHN AND LADY KATHERINE. 

PLATE 3. 



8i 




SCAMPTON PARSONAGE. 



PLATE 4. 



83 




MEDALLIONS BY RAWLINS. 



PLATE 5. 



85 






V ^'^'m^^ 






SIR JOHN BOWLES. 



PLATE 6. 



-*■ 



^7 



4-[lre LiesTheBody or5 o 

I OHM BOLLES oFi^CAMPTON 
BARO N ET WH o depa rt e d 
This Life THE ^ datofMarch 

ATTHE AGE Of C-^ AND WAS ^ 
BvRIEdMaKCH IHE 




PLATE 7. 



89 




SIR CHARLES BOWLHS. 



PLATE 8. 



91 




ARMS OF SIR CHARLES BOWLES AND WIVES. 



PIRATE 9. 



Ube IDirginta Branch. 



In 1609 the London Company sent out 500 men to 
the Colony of Virginia in the hope that this addition 
to the resources of the Colony would speedily result 
in the return of some profit to the shareholders. 
These new arrivals were the younger sons of the great 
famil es of the kingdom, and adventurers who sought 
in the new land a new field for daring enter}, rise. 
Though all probably possessed courage and talent in 
abundance, few had the skill and inclinatio:i for those 
various kinds of wearying labor so necessary in a 
primitive country. 

The ruin that followed to the Colony forms a hor- 
rible chapter in the history of Virginia. *' Famine 
and murder stalked unchecked in Jamestown. The 
misgovernment of the Colony collapsed and anarchy 
succeeded. HundrLds perished and the survivors sub- 
sisted on roots and berries. A survivor of this dread- 
ful tin.e iays : ''So great was our famine t'rat a savage 
we slew and buried was taken up and eaten; and so 



94 THE HISTORY OF 

did divers one another boiled and stewed with roots 
and herbs. One amongst the rest did kill his wife, 
powdered her, and had eaten part of her before it was 
known, for which he was executed. Now whether 
she was better boiled or roasted I know not, but of 
such a dish as a powdered wife I never heard.'* 

Sir i homas Gates and Sir George Somers arrived 
with 1 50 men, and were so overcome at the state of 
woe prevailing thi^t it was determined to abandon the 
Colony. Lvery man, woman and child was accord- 
ingly taken on board the ships and sail was set toward 
England. A farewell volley was fired and all took a 
last look at that beautiful land they intended to aban- 
don forever. 

The flourishing Colony preserved by Captain 
Smith had dwindled to 60 persons. It was at this 
crisis that in the r.istory of the only English colony in 
the new world that the first Bowles arrived in 
Virginia. 

Sir Thomas Gates and Sir George Son ers were 
but a few hours eail from Jamestov\ n before they re- 
ceived despatches by boat from Lord Delaware that he 
wascoming to Jamestown with provisions to last a year 
This changed the aspect of affaiis, and the vessels cf 
the colonists turned again toward Jamestown. Three 
days afterwards Lord Delaw.re arrived opposite 
Jamestown with three ships, on board one of which 
was a boy named John Bowles. 24. 

These men who arrived in May, 1610, with Lord 
Delaware, were of a class superior in pioneering skill 
to any who had yet arrived in the Colony, and the 
London Company confidently believed that they would 
speedily make the Colony prosperous, an expectation 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 95 

so well realized that they may be deemed to be the 
real founders of Virginia. 

Among the members of the Virginia Company in 
1620 was Sir George Bowles, the renowned Lord 
Mayor of London. 28. 

John Bowles, the first of the name in America, 
returned to England in the ship "George,** in 1612, 
and came out again with Sir Francis Vvyatt, who ar- 
rived in Jamestown in 1621 with i2CO pi nters. 24. 

It is not known where John Bowles lived or by 
what means he secured his livelihood during the first 
period in the Colony, but during the second residence 
he received in 1625 an allotment from the Virginia 
Company of three acres of land on the east shore of 
Warwick Cove. 24. 

According to tradition John Bowles came to the 
Colony in the sh;p "Seaflower,'* and was engaged in 
fishing for a long period before he settled at War.vick 
Cove. 29. 

In 1639 ^^'s name as a witness is en a bill of sale 
of tvvo African slaves called Diana and June, convey- 
ing them from James Denbigh to Belton Aiken of St. 
Martin's Hundred. 25. 

John Bowles must have been a m^n of energy 
and enterprise, and he probably prospered in his War- 
wick Cove plantation, for he removed to Elizabeth 
City county before 1641, and there is recorded : From 
the Colony of Virginia to John Bowles, 50 acres in 
Elizabeth City county, by hill of sale from William 
Laighton and Henry Southall to John Bovvles, patent 
dated June 11, and signed by William Armestead, 
Gcvernor of the Colony. (26) and another: From the 
Colony of Virginia to John Bowles 20 acres in Eliza- 



96 THE HISTORY OF 

beth City county, by bill of sale to John Bowles, 
patent dated June ii, 1641, signed by William Arme- 
stead. Governor of the Colony. 27. 

The Commonwealth ruled Virginia in 1652, and 
the first governor under the Puritan rule granted a 
patent dated January 4, 1653: '' From Colony of Vir- 
ginia to John Bowles and Thomas Dyer, 400 acres on 
the Western Branch of the Elizabeth River. Signed 
by Richard Bennett, Colonial Governor of Virginia. 30 

The family was still prospering and probably in- 
creasing in 1663, for another patent was granted 
** From Colony of Virginia to John Bowles, 350 acres 
on the Western Branch of Elizabeth River, assigned to 
him by John Watts and Robert Peeh, dated February 
16, 1663. Signed by Sir William Berkeley, Governor 
of the Colony. 31. 

John Bowles' will was probated July i, 1664, and 
transcribed from the faint and scarcely legible record, 
shows that he was a man of some landed wealth, and 
the brevit;' of description given of important details 
indicates that the will was hurriedly drawn in expecta- 
tion of death : 

'* Know all men by these presents : That I, John 
Bv,wles, of Elizabeth City, Colony of Virginia, plant- 
er, due to the weight of years and of divers afflictions, 
do publish and make this my last will and testameiit, 
in sound mind and memory and realizing that I shall 
soon be called to die, therefore, in the mercy of God, I 
desire and will it so : That 1 give and bequeath to my 
son, John, of Elizabeth City County, planter, and he 
shall be my heir, all the lands, fields, farms, planta- 
tions, houses, African slaves, ■)r any tobacco, herds, 
the ship ' Amelia,' or any goods of which I may die 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 97 

possessed, except 

" Item. I give and bequeath to Tyler Killday the 
matter of 16 silver shillings, and the tobacco and the 
box now on the Elizabeth river in the ship * Cornwall,* 
provise, that he, upon his safe return from London, 
bring to my son Johnthe silvery powder-horn of which 
he hath knowledge. 

'M give and bequeath to Geoffrey Miles the mat- 
ter of i6 silver shillings i.i the pouch, and one haunch 
of smoked venisonne. 

*'In testimonie whereof, I, John Bowles, have 
aifiXed my sigii and seal to this, m> last will and test- 
ament, this day of grace, March i, 1664. 

JCHN BOVvLES. 

" Signed and declared by the said Johi: Bowles, 
as his last will and testament, at Elizabeth City plant- 
ation, in the presence of 

Charlton Gillett, 
John Catty, 
Royal Fleming. 

32 

The nan.e appears in Warwick County in 1678 in 
an order of the Court assigning Philip Bowles to the 
legol defense of Philip Smallwuod, who was charged 
v/ith breach of the peace and good order. This order 
reads: It is ordered that Philip Bowles, of St. Mary's, 
be directed to appear and defend the rights of Philip 
Smallwood; charged with bread, of the peace and good 
order of this court.'* Feb. i, 1678. 

It is in Han.pton Parish, York County, in 1687: 



98 THE HISTORY OF 

** Whereas, The Churchwardens of Hampton 
Parish did summone Ann Bowles fcr insubordination, 
and shee not appearing it is ordered that the Sheriff of 
this Countie take her into custodie, and her safely de- 
teyne until shee gives good and sufficient securitie to 
answer at the next time of Court held for this Countie. 

37 June 24, 1687 

In James City it appears in 1701 : 

** Whereas, The Churchwardens have received 
from Revered Doctor Charles Bowles two sermons in 
the Church it is ordered that Archer Brent pay to \ im 
nine pounds of tobacco. 

38 December 4, 1701.'* 

About i7i9John Bowles 3d moved to New Kent 
County, acquiring a large tract of forest and meadow 
land. A copy of the original patent is in the Virginia 
Land Office. An abstract of this patent follows: 

** George the First to John Bowles, 1030 acres in 
New Kent County, on the north side of Chickahominy 
Swamp, for the consideration mentioned in an order of 
the Lieutenant-Governor dated May 4, 1717, patent 
dated July 11, 1719. 

Signed, 
Alexander Spotswood, 
Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony of Virginia, 
in the fifth year of the reign.*' 

John Bowles 3d had grandsons Benjamin, David, 
Thomas, John, William, and granddaughter Eliza Betty 
or Elizabeth. These were ail young men and with 
their sister the granddaughter attended the wedding 



THE BOWLES hAMILV 99 

of Fanny Tunstall to Pierce Bradly at the Old Church 
where their names were signed to a sort of guest book 
presented to the bride in the hearty, rollicking spirit 
of the time. 1 his wedding occurred in May, 1723. 

It would seem that the Johns were the active or 
more enterprising business men of the Bowles race, as 
there is recorded a bill of sale of slaves by John. 

Tunstall Tavern. 
I, John Bowles, have this day sold to Rainey 
Sprague, cf this county, two negro man slaves, by 
name Nick and Ratchie, and have received for the 
said slaves 94 shillings and one harrow, i warrant 
Nick to be not more than forty years old, to be sound 
and sensible, and a right laborer in all field work. 
Ratchie I warrant to be sound and sensible, about 
twenty-five years old, and to be well-skilled in the 
trapping of wild critters. The right and title to said 
slaves I warrant and defend against all claims, and to 
have and to hold, for life, his executors, heirs or 
assigns I now by these presents deliver said slaves to 
Rainey Sprague. 

As witness my hand and seal this twelfth day of 
March, 1739, iri the thirteenth year of the reign. 

John Bowles. 
Attest: George IV'iason, 
Oliver Smith, 
Will Carey, 
Lunny Lightfoot. 39 

In 1745 Benjamin Bowles and Nancy, his wife, 
moved a few miles west over the New Kent line into 
Hanover County : 



100 THE HISTORY OF 

" This Indenture made this second day of iNovem- 
ber between Edward V\ addell and Martha, his wife, of 
Hanover, of the one part, and Benjamin Bowles and 
Nancy, his wife, cf New Kent, of the other part, 
wltnesseth : That the said Edward Waddell and Mar- 
tha, his wife, fcr and in consideration uf eighty pounds 
and ten shillings to them in hand paid at or before the 
ensealing and delivery of these presents the receipt 
whereof is i.ereby ackn-- wiedged, hath granted, bar- 
gained and sold, and by these presents doth grant, 
bargain and sell unto the said Benjamin Bowles one 
certain tract or p.ircel of land situate, lying and being 
in the County of Hanover in the Colony of Virginia 
aforesaid, and bounded as follows : beginning at a red 
oak on the boling gretn road or trail, a corner blazed 
tree of the s^id land and John VVyatts, thence running 
down the said boiing green road or trail an easterly 
course to a black rock on the one side a gushing spring 
and thence along the spring run for about twenty 
strides lo a line or course of ne.v marked trees, aljng the 
course of said marked trees in a southerly course to 
the waters of the ChiC:<ah)miay Swampe, and thence 
along said w aters in a westernly course to a branch, 
and thence in a northernly course along the easternly 
side of the said branch to Jonn Wyatt^s line at the 
corner blazed tree and thence to the red oaK on the 
boling green road, containing about two undred acres 
more or less, to have . nd to hold the said land together 
with all and singular appurtencnces thereto belong- 
ing, unto the said Benjamin Bowles, his heirs, execu- 
tors or assigns, the only proper use and behoofs of him 
the said Benjamin Bowles his heirs and assigns for- 
ever, and the said Edward Waddell and Martha his 



THE BOWLES FAMILY loi 

wife for themselves their heirs, executors and assigns 
will warrant and forever defend by these presents. 

In evidence whereof the said Edward Waddell and 
Martha his wife have hereunto set their hands and 
seals the day and year above written. 

Edward Waddell. 
Signed, sealed and delivered 
in the presence of 
Wilson Owens, 
Darby Nance, 
Daniel Flournoy, 
Fred Walker. 

This Indenture was proved at a Court held on the 
24th day of February, 1746. 40 

Thomas, grandson of John 3d married Sarah, 
by whom he had children. Thomas disappeared in the 
woods. Thomas left (at least) two sons, Thomas 
and Jesse, and one daughter whose name is unknown. 

Eliza Betty married Captain Wilton Caulfield, son 
of Colonel Caulfield of the British Army. 

William accompanied his sister to England, and 
upon his return to Virginia brorght back with him a 
renowned English bull to improve the stock of the 
county. William died unmarried. 

David married Ann Patterson and had sons Nathan 
and Peter, and daughters Sella, who married Joel Hard- 
enburg, Mollie, who married Walter Guiney, and other 
daughters not recorded. 45 

John 3d married a Welsh lady named Sarah 
Knight, according to one tradition. Another tradition 



102 THE HISTORY OF 

states that John ist married Sarah Knight. John 4th 
however left children among them John, who married 
Betsy Curd. 

JOHN BOWLES 4th had probably moved into 
Goochland county soon after the sale of the slaves^ as 
Governor Gooch on January 12, 1746, issued a patent 
to him for 300 acres of land in Goochland county, at 
the head of Stinking Water Run of Appamatox river, 
in consideration of Thirty shillings. 46 

John Bowles 4th was probably the oldest of the 
brothers, as his name appears first in the Biblical rec- 
ord. His son 

JOHN was born June 8, 1743, died August 5, 1836; 
married Betsy Curd. Their children were: 

BENJAMIN, born Oct. 5, 1765, mar. Miss Strange of 
Fluvanna co. 

MOLLIE, born Dec. 13, 1767, mar. Thomas Bowles 
and moved to Kentucky; both died soon after get- 
ting there. 

SALLY W., born Feb. 7, 1769, married Mr. Glen, of 
South Cdroiina. 

BETSY, married Robert Glen, of South Carolina. 

ANDERSON, born Dec. 20, 1774. 

JOHN, born Feb. 13, 1776. 

CHARLES KNIGHT, born June 5, 1787; died Feb. 
10, i860. He married Lucy Price Jackson of 
Louisa county, Nov. 15, 1807; she died March 6, 

^ 1855. The children of this union were: 

JOHN JACKSON, born Oct. i, 1808; died June 
I, 1810. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 103 

CATHARINE WHITE, born July 6, 1810; married 
Jesse T. Bowles; their three sons are dead. 

JOSEPH KNIGHT, born Feb. 26, 1812, died Feb. 
20, 1896; mar. Miss Sallie Fuqua of Bedford co. 
They have two sons. 

ELIZABETH ANN, born June 14, 1814, living 
1904; she married Boiling S. Dandridge, and 
has three living daughters, and children dead. 

NANCY MILLS, born Aug. 25, 1816; died May 
20, 1835. 

JOHN PRICE, born July 16, 1818; died June 3, 
1892; mar. Justinia Arlington Walton April 22, 
1840. 

LUCY PRICE, mar. Joseph Saunders; a daughter 
and son living in 1904 

POLLY JACKSON, born Nov.14, 1820; died Feb. 
28. 1847; married Jesse Grubbs; had a daught- 
er and son, 

VIRGINIA CAROLINE, born Jan. 19, 1825; died 
March 26, 1844; married Edward Cocke; two 
sons, both living in 1904 

MISSOURA A., born Feb. 9, 1827; married Wm. 
Lacy, who died in the Confederate army leaving 
her with nine children. She married the sec- 
ond time O. T. Mitchell, by whom she had one 
daughter, now dead. 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, b. August 9, 1829; died 
November 3, 1903; married Sallie Anderson 
Perkins, who bore him two sons. 

ALMIRA, born October 6, 1830; married John 
Winston, now dead, by whom she had a son 
and a daughter. 

JULIA ASSINATH, born February 21, 1835; died 



104 THE HISTORY OF 

1864; married James Wright of Louisa county. 
Two children of this union, a son and daughter, 
living in 1904, 

The children of John Price Bowles and 
Justinia Arlington Walton werer 

MARY ELIZABETH, b. April 5, 1841; mar. Benjamin 
K. Cocke, a farmer of Hanover co., Dec. 1865. 
They have four daughters and two sons. 

JOEL BENJAMIN, b. Sept. 27, 1844; mar. Miss Eu- 
genia Thomas Oct. 1871; they have three daught- 
ers and four sons. Joel Benjamin is a farmer in 
Goochland co. 

LUCY ANNE, b. Jan. 3, 1848; married James Hoye, 
a merchaat of Goochland co. 

KATHARINE PRICE, b. June 7, 1851; died March 22, 
1872. 

ADELIA ARCHER, b. January 21, 1846; mar. John W. 
Sheltcn, a farmer of Louisa co., on January 21, 
1875. They have five daughters and four sons. 

JUSTINIA VIRGINIA, b. June 5, 1859; married Jas. 
G. Windle of Shenandoah county; they now live 
in Louisa county, and have three daughters and 
two sons living. 

VIVIAN KNIGHT, b. Oct. 11, 1863; married Nancy 
Knight Perkins of Louisa, who died Jan. 1901, 
leaving two daughters and four sons. Vivian is a 
farmer of Hanover county. 48 

John Bowles was possessed of considerable lands 
and there are recorded many patents, grants, deeds, 
etc., in the western counties and what is now Ken- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 105 

tucky. He purchased also a tract of 320 acres in Albe- 
marle county from Henry Mosby on January 3, 176$. 

John Bowles was in the service of the United 
States during the Revolution, but in what capacity is 
unknown. 1 he abstracts of land grants to John are: 

"Commonwealth of Virginia to John Bowles, 237 
acres in Washington county, on both sides of the south 
fork of Holstein river, in consideration of one pound 
five shillings sterling and a certificate in right of settle- 
ment. Grant dated July 12, 1785, and signed by 
Patrick Henry, Governor of Virginia.*' 

'^Commonwealth of Virginia to John Bowles, 400 
acres in Washington county, on the watars of the Mid- 
dle Fork of Holstein river, in consideration of two 
pounds sterling and a certificate in right of settlamant. 
Grant datad May 7, 1787. Signed by Beverly Ran- 
dolph, Lieut-Governor of Virginia.'* 

"Commonwealth of Virginia to John Bowles, 6751 
acres in Lincoln county, on the waters of Rockcastle, 
in consideration of a Land Office Treasury Warrant* 
Grant dated May 12, 1788. Signed by Edmund Ran- 
dolph, Governor of Virginia." 

"Commonwealth of Virginia to John Bowles, 157 
acres in Washington county^ in consideration of a Land 
Office Treasury Warrant. Grant dated November 2, 
I793« Signed by Henry Lee, Governor of Virginia." 

49 
Many of the Bowles families about this time show 
their connection in the Christian names, which, to- 
gether with residence in the same locality, is sufficient 
evidence of kinship. It is therefore almost certain 
that a brother of John Bowles 5th was » 



,jo6 THE HISTORY OF 

KNIGHT BOWLES, born in Hanover county about 
1745; mar. (i) Miss Curd, (2) Miss Wood. He 
served in the Revolution, and was made co-guard- 
ian with Thomas P. Bowles of the children of Rus- 
sell. Bowles in an order directing "that the names 
of said children, viz., John, Caroline, Bolman and 
Richard, orphans of Russell Bowles, late a soldier 
in the Continental Army, and who died in the 
service, be placed upon the list of pensioners, 
with an allowance of 12 pounds per annum.'' 
Signed by Lieuf-Governor James Wood dated 
Sept. 4, 1790^ Knight Bowles bought 220 acres 
in Fluvanna county from Coke Bowles iu 1799. In 
1801 he bought 49 acres from Daniel Ellis and 
wife, dated Oct. 5. He b ught also from E. Per- 
kins and wife lot of land devised to Barshaba, 
wife of said Perkins, by John Ellis' last will. In 
181 1 he and wife Patty conveyed to Chris Wood- 
ward 86 acres, dated Dec. 23. He oa ned at this 
time much land in Hanover county, and in 1805 he 
owned 155 acres in Henrico co. By the marriage 
to Miss Curd the children were: 

Anderson, born about 1774. 

John, born Feb. 17, 1776; mar. Aug. 21, 

1810, Susan Du Val Ellis. 
By the marriage to Miss Weod: 

Drury Wood Knight, married Elizabeth 
Richardson. 
ANDERSON was Chief Justice and High Sheriff of 
Hanover county 1820 to 1832. He left descend- 
ants, among whom is R. C. Bowles, a grandson, 
of Fluvanna county. 
JOHN, who married Susan Ellis, left two sons: 



THE BOWLES FAMILY lOf 

RICHARD KEY, born Nov. lo, iSii; died unmar- 
ried Feb. 1885. 
AUGUSTUS KNiGHT, born June 29, 1814, and 

: died March 10, 1883. He married Elizabeth 

Blayden Anderson April 18, 1843. Their eleven 
children were: 

LUCY ANN, born April 12, 1844; married Jos. W. 
Dabney, of Comanche, Tex., Mar. 25, 1873, ^^id 
died Aug. 4, 1886, leaving eight children. 

MARY GOODWIN, born Jan. 8, 1846; mar. T. M. 
Gathright Sept. i, 1869, ^^id have eight children. 

SUSAN ELLIS, born Jan. 8, 1848, mar. J. M. Davis 
Nov. 8, 1876. They have six children. 

WILLIAM ANDERSON, born Feb. 26, 1850; married 
Mrs. Martha Hope J nes, Aiay 13, 1884. They 
have four children. Wm. Anderson is Superin- 
tendent of the Virginia School for the Deaf and 
Blind, at Staunton, Virginia, and is a prominent 
educator. 

J. RICHARD, born April 15, 1852; n arri^d Mattie 
Winston Anderson Feb. 1879. They have three 
children. 

DAISY BELLE, born April 10, 1854; married W. G. 
Davis Dec. 24, 1876; died Nov. 21, 1884, leaving 
three children. 

CARROLL, born Aug. 2, 1856; died June 3, 1S76. 

HUGH GOODWIN, born Dec. 18, 1858; married 
Gertrude Haring Jan. 26, 1886. They have two 
children. 

MATTHEW ARCHER, born Mar. 19, 1872; died Oct. 
1902. 

AUGUSTUS KNIGHT, JR., born July 29, 1865. 

BETTY LEWIS, born Mar. 30, 1869. ^etty Lewis is 



io8 THE HISTORY OF 

•d teacher in the School for the Deaf, Ogden, Utah. 

The son of Knight and Miss Wood was 
JUDGE DRURY WOOD KNIGHT, mar. Elizabeth 
Richardson; Colonel in Confederate Army, many 
years Member of Legislature; Judge for Fluvanna 
county, a prominent man and fine type of Virginia 
gentleman. He lived in Bowlesville, Fluvanna 
county. A daughter of Col. Bodies married Dr. 
Wm. B. Gray of Richmond, Va, Among the sons 
of CoL Bowles were: 
MAJOR JOHN S. BOWLES, of Wilmington, Va. 
GEORGE BOWLES, of Fluvanna county. 
THOMAS JOSIAH BOWLES, married Anna B. 
Crump. He is a contractor in Richmond. Their 
children are: 
JAMES WIRT, b. Jan. 19, 1870; Teller in Na- 
tional Bank of Va. 

WILLIE HUNTER, b. Oct. 4, 1874; married 
Bessie Peele Lefew of Richmond. Their son 
Gordon Lefew was born in Richmond. Willie 
Hunter is manager of Swift & Co's plant in 
Richmond. 

ROBERT CRUMP, b. Augrst 10, 1877; weigh- 
master Va. Portland Cement Co., Crcigsville. 
CHARLES KNIGHT, Aug. 10, 1880; manager 
Beaufort Lithia Water Co. at Richmond. 
LOUISE, b. Sept. 15, 1888. 

Walter Bowles of Bula, Goochland county, is a 
grandson of Drury Wood Knight Bowles, and other de- 
scendants live in almost every State from Virginia to 
California. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 109 

BENJAMIN, grandson of John j6, received the fol- 
lowing patents: '*George the Second to Benjamin 
Bowles, 400 acres in Lunenburgh county on the south 
side of Meherrin river, in consideration of forty shil- 
lings, patent dated September 10, 1755. Signed by 
Robert Dinu iddie, Lieut. -Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief of the Colony of Virginia." 

"George the Second to Benjamin Bowles, 93 
acres in Henrico county, in consideration of ten shil- 
lings. Patent dated December 15, 1757. Signed by 
Robert Dinwiddie, Lieut. -Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief of the Colony." 51 

Tradition says that Benjamin was a man of great 
wealth, that he was a large slaveholder and that he 
built mills on" the Chickahominy river. It is certain 
that he was a large landowner in the middle of the 
eighteenth century; but it is probably his son who was 
contractor for the army during the French and Indian 
War, and who was mentioned in the account books of 
Colonel Byrd as having supplied the Virginia troops 
with white tenting cloth. Land Office Warrants were 
issued to him for serv.ces also: 

"To the principal Surveyor of any county within 
the Commonv\ ealth of Virginia: This shall be your 
warrant to survey and lay off in one or more surveys 
for Benjamin Bowles, assignee, his heirs or assigns, 
the quantity of four hundred and fifty acres of land, 
due unto the said Benjamin Bowles for military servi- 
ces performed by Peter Bailey, David Stanford, Jos- 
eph Whitloe, Matthew Riddle, John Stanley and Thos. 
Green, Jr., in the late war between Great Britain and 
France, Certificates of which duly proven are received 
into the Land Office. Dated October 4, 1779.'' 



no THE HISTORY OF 

**To the Principal Surveyor of any county within 
the Commonwealth of Virginia: This shall be your 
warrant to survey and lay off in one or more surveys, 
for Benjamin Bowles, assignee of William Hubbard, 
son and heir-at-law of James Hubbard, and David 
Lawson, heir-at-law of Peter Lawson, his heirs or as- 
signs, the quantity of one hundred acres ■ f land due 
unto the said Benjamin for military services performed 
by the said James Hubbaid and Peter La\\son, de- 
ceased, as soldiers in the Second Virginia Regiment 
during the war between Great Britain and France, ac- 
cording to the terms of the king of Great Britain's pro- 
clamation of 1763, a certificate of which duly proven is 
received into the Land Office. Dated October 9, 
1779/' 52 

.;; Among the sons of Benjamin were 

DAVID, 
ZACHARIAH, 
BENJAMIN, 
JOSHUA, 
NATHAN.. 

Among Benjamin's daughters were 
Susanna, who married Joshua Pleasants of Louisi 

county. She died in 1820, aged 80 years. Some 

of her children moved to Kentucky. 
Nary. 

DAVID very possibly moved to Henrico county 
after the French and Indian War, and there is a patent 
dated August 3, 1771: ^'George the Third to David 
Bowles, 234 and 1-2 acres in Henrico county, by pat- 
ent, in consideration of two pounds of tobacco for 
every acre of land. Signed William Nelson, President 
of Council and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony." 



THE BOWLES FAMILY in 

David's wife was named Winnie and he sold to his 
brother Benjamin two tracts 444 and 1-2 acres in Hen- 
rico county February 28, 1788. 53 
It is recorded about this time that David Bowles 
was one of the *'processioners" of land boundaries 
in Hanover county. 

ZACHARIAH was a soldier in the Continental army, 
enlisting in Colonel Sheppard's Riflemen with 
Sergeant Thomas Philip Bowles, and then into 
Colonel Charles Harrison's Regiment of Artillery* 
from which he was honorably discharged January 
10, 1780, while the regiment was at the Park of 
Artillery, Morristown, N. J. Zachariah engaged 
in farming on the Chickahominy river in Hanover 
county but sold his farm to Thomas Bowles in 
1784. Military Certificate No. 2514 reads: 

"Council Chamber, July 12, 1784. 
1 do certify that Zachariah Bowles is entitled to 
the proportion cf land allowed a private of the Conti- 
nental Artillery for three years service. 

Thomas Meriwether. Benj. Harrison. 

A warrant for 100 acres issued to James Hawkins, 

assignee of Zachariah Bowles, Feb. 18, 1784." 

54 
Zachariah's wife was named Eliza, and she was 
from King William co. He moved to Albemarle 
county before i8cx). There is recorded: 

"Commonwealth of Virginia to Zachariah Bowles 
250 acres in Albemarle county, on the south side 
of the Rivanna river and on the branches thereof, 
in consideration of a Land Office Treasury War- 



112. - THE MrSTORY OP 

rant, granted August i, 1803. Signed John Page, 
Governor of Virginia/' 55 

Among the children cjf Zachariah and Eliza were 

JOHN, born in Hanover cornty. 

MATTHEW. 

JOSHUA BETHEL, born in 1800 in Albemarle co.; 
married Grace Shreve, of Cincinnatti, O., by 
whom he had 13 children. Grace Shreve vv::s 
born in Alexandria, Va.; her aunt was the Ann 
Hopkins who was the mother of Johns Hopkins 
who gave the great university to Baltimore; she 
was of English descent, of the Society of Friends, 
from which she was expelled for marrying a slave- 
holder. Joshua Bethel went to Louisville alone 
when a small boy. He arrassed quite a large 
fortune, and became President of the Fr^^nklin In- 
surance Co., and the old State Bank of Louisville 
for 29 years. He was a very taciturn man and 
very prominent in Kentucky. He died in 1873. 
The only son of Joshua Bethel living in 1907 was 

JAMES W., born 1837 in Kentucky; married Anne 
F. Pope, whose great grandfather, William Pope, 
was the "Lieutenant of Kentucky,'* and who 
was related to the Washingtons through the mar- 
riage of Anne Pope, of Pope Creek, Va., to Geo. 
Washington's grandfather. James Guthrie, Sec- 
retary of the Treasury under Polk, and who could 
have had the Presidential nomination at Charles- 
ton in i860, is the grand-uncle of Mrs. Anne Pope 
Bowles. Colonel James W. Bowles was the last 
commander of Morgan's original regiment of Ken- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 113 

tucky cavalry. Col. Bowles, his wife, daugh- 
ters and granddaughter Frederika Pope Lewis, re- 
side at W^ynesvilie, N. C. The daughters are 
Grace Shreve, Julia Pope, Mary Caperton, The 
son is 

JOSHUA BETHEL, one of the greatest of Ken- 
tuck> 's horsemen. 

BENJAMIN, great-grandson of John 3.d, and son of 
Benjamin, married Miss Harris. He was a Bap- 
tist preacher who was known and respected in all 
the James river counties. He was a very wealthy 
man and owned land in Goochland, Hanover and 
Henrico counties. On Feb. i, 1785, there is re- 
corded a deed: "Benj. Bowles, of Richmond City, 
deed from Geo. Harlow and wife to 190 acres ad- 
joining David Bowles* land." In 1799 he owned 
634 acres in Henrico county and paid taxes on 5 
blacks over 16 years, 3 blacks over 12 years, and 
5 mules. In 1802 his personal tax was on 5 blacks 
over 16 years, 6 horses and 2 chariots. An entry 
for taxes on 634 acres appears in 1805. His will 
is dated September 29, 1812, and proved Oct. 2, 
181 5, and names children Eliza Carter Bowles, 
John Ludwell Bowies, Susannah Miller Bowles, 
Judah Ann Harris Bowles and Mary Holman Web- 
ber. Son-in-law Joseph Webber with John Winn 
and Reuben Ford named as executors. 56 

JOHN LUDWELL BOWLES, only son of Benjamin, 
married Miss Redd, by whom he had six sons and 
three daughters. The second son was 

WILLIAM BENJAMIN, married Fannie Rebecca Ford, 
of Goochland co. Wm. Benjamin, who was a 



114 THE HISTORY OF 

soldier in the Confederate army, has been dead 
many years. His only child, Miss Willie B. 
Bowles, resides in Richmond, Va. 

NATHAN, son of Benjamin 3d, is possibly the Nathan 
of the following grant: ''Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia to Nathan Bowles, two and one-half acres 
on the south side of Beaver Dam creek, in consid- 
eration of a Land Office Treasury Warrant. Dated 
June 10, 1801, and signed by James Monroe, Gov- 
ernor of Virginia." 

THOMAS, grandson of John 3d, married Sarah, by 
v/hom he had at least two sons and a daughter. 
Thomas was lost in the woods sometime before 
1730. Two of his sons were Thomas and Jesse. 
His son 

THOMAS 2d married, and his children were William, 
Charles, Henry, Thomas Philip, and Jesse and 
three daughters. 

WILLIAM, the oldest son of Thomas 2d, is believed to 
have married Samantha Tyler of Charles City 
county. He served in the French and Indian 
War and Military Certificate No. 783 reads: 

"Feb. Court, Henrico county. 
San.uel Meredeth, Gent., Captain in the late 
war between Great Britain and France, Certifi- 
cate to this Court that William Bowles served as 
a soldier in the said war in the Second Virginia 
Regiment under the cornmand of Colonel William 
Byrd, and that he is entitled to fifty acres of land 
under the proclamation of the king of Great Brit- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 115 

ain in 1763, and it being proved by the oaths of 
two good men that Charles Tyler is heir to the 
said William Bowles, who is since deceased, it is 
also certified by Samuel Meredith that William 
Bowles served in said regiment until duly dis- 
charged, the said Charles Tyler makes oath that 
this is the first time he has proved his claim or re- 
ceived any satisfaction for the same. 
1783. William White, Clerk. 

Assigned to Samuel Meredith. Charles Tyler. 

57 

On February i, 1762 there was recorded between 

"Isaac Breading of Nevv Kent and William Bowles 
of Hanover county, exchange of land in NewJKent 
for Henrico land/' $8 

According to tradition William had a son who 
went "over the mountains," and it may be that 
son vor son of one of his brothers) to whom the 
follov\ing land grants were made: 

"Commonwealth of Virginia to William Bowles, 
103 acres in Montgomery county, on Crab Creek, 
a branch of the Nca River, in consideration of the 
ancient composition of ten shillings, and a certifi- 
cate given by the Commissioners for adjusting the 
titles to unpatented lands in Washington and 
Mchtgomery. Grant dated April 13, 1787, and 
signed by Edmund Randolph, Governor. 59 

"Commonwealth of Virginia to William Bowles, 
109 acres in Montgomery county, on both sides of 
Strouble's Creek, a branch of New River, in con- 
sideration of a Land Office Treasury Warrant. 
Grant dated May i, 1788, and signed by Beverly 



.U6 THE HISTORY OF 

..Randolph, Governor of. Virginia.'* 60 

CHARLES, the second son of Thomas 2d, was a sol- 
dier in the French and Indian War, and received 
the following land grant: 

"To the principal surveyor cf any county with- 
in the Commonwealth of Virginia: This shall be 
your warrant to lay off for Charles Bowles, his 
heirs or assigns, the quantity of fifty acres due 
the said Charles Bowles for military service per- 
formed by him as a soldier in the late war between 
Great Britain and France, according to the king's 
proclamation of 1763. Grant dated March 25, 
1780. S. Carr. 

61 

HENRY, the third son of 1 homas 2d, was living with 
descendants in King William county in 1780. A 
son rnoved to Kentucky. Land Warrant No. 11 11 
reads: "To the principal surveyor of any county 
within the Commonv.ealth of Virginia: : his shall 
be your warrant to survey and lay off in one or 
more surveys for Henry Bowles, his heirs or as- 
signs, fifty acres of land, due unto the said Henry 
for military services performed by him as a sol- 
dier in Col. Byrd's regiment in the late war be- 
tw een Great Britain and France. June 13, 1780. 
Certificate for this warrant issued at Chesterfield 
Court, May 5, 1780. T. Watklns, Clerk. 

62 

JESSE, the fifth son of Thom.as 2d, married, but died 
without children. There is a deed dated Rich- 
mond, Sept. I, 1801, to Jesse from J. Burton, 100 
acre.s of land. 63 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 117 

The fourth son of Thomas 2d was 

THOMAS PHILIP (called PHILIP), who married 
Sarah Bacon. Thomas Philip lived on the Hano- 
ver side of the Chickahominy river, and about 
1768 his name appears in an enumeration of the 
Chickahominy district with the names of Nathan 
iel, Anderson and Harwood Bowles. He was a 
man of power and influence in Hanover and upon 
the outbreak of the Revolution aided in raising 
his cousin Burw ell Bacon's artillery corps, and 
\\ as a lieutenant in Colonel Shepherd's Riflemen, 
resigning his commission Nov i, 1780. A Thomas 
Philip Bowles was sergeant in Harrison's Artillery, 
and although also from Hanover, it is believed that 
he was a cousin of Lieutenant Thomas Philip. 
Thomas Philip remained but a very short time in 
the army, as the interests of his property and his 
young family demanded his presence at home. 
He was called Philip by the family but both in 
his father's will and in his own he is called 
Thomas. His father's will filed in Henrico county, 
names only "sons Th-jmas and Jesse, and Sarah, 
Roselenda and Christiana Winn. Executors John 
Winn, Jr., and Thomas Bowles. Will dated Nov. 
19, 1783; proved Jan. $, 1784." Thomas Philip's 
father had bought from Wm. Adkisson 45 acres in 
Henrico on Sept. 30, 1766. Thomas 2d also re- 
ceived the following land grant in Goochland: 

"George the Third to Thomas Bowies and 
Thomas Johi.son, 123 acres in Goochland county, 
on the north side of James river, in consideration 
of fifteen shillings; patent dated July 7, 1763, and 



ii8 V THE HISTORY OF 

signed by Francis Fauquier, lieutenant-governor 
and commander in-chief of the colony of Virginia.*' 
Although his uncle Benjamin had built the mills 
on the Chickahominy which came to be kno^vn as 
"Bowies' Mills," it is believed that Thomas 
Philip acquired possession of them about 1780, 
as in a history cf the Eddinfamily they are written 
of as "Thomas Bowles' grist mill on the Chicka- 
hominy/' and these mills came afterward into the 
possession of Lydda'l, the youngest son of Thomas 
Philip. Thomas Philip married Sarah Bacon of 
Ne-A- Kent county about 1769. Sarah Bacon was 
the daughter of Captain Langston Bacon and his 
wife Sarah Patterson of New Kent county. Ac- 
cording to tradition Sarali Bacon was a direct de- 
scendant of General Nathaniel Bacon, the Rebel. 
However that may be there are several old charts 
which trace the Bacon lineage o\ Sarah. The 
Bacon charts of President Lyon G. Tyler of Wil- 
liam and Mary College, and of Mr^. Jane Martin 
of Columbus, Ga,, are similar, and give the de- 
scent as folllows: "Nathaniel Bacon, the father 
of Capt. Langston Bacon, was born in Ne .v Kent 
in 1706 and died in 1743, Nathaniel was the son 
of Captain John Bacon, born in New Kent county 
in 1676, who married (i) Sarah Langston; (2)Su- 
sannah Parke. Captain John was the son of the 
emigrant Edmund Bacon and his wife Ann Lyddall . 
Ann Lyddall was a second cousin of Nathaniel 
Bacon the Rebel, and a descendant of the brother 
of Lord Nicholas Bacon, President of the Council. 
Nathaniel Bacon, Sr., left no children, and his 
nephew, Nathaniel Bacon, Jr., the Rebel, left no 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 119 

sons* Edmund Bacon, his cousin, had only one 
son, John. John had two wives. By his first 
wife he had two sons, and by his second wife he 
had three sons and three daughters. William, a 
son of Edmund the emigrant, had two sons, Lud- 
well and Burwell." It is set forth in this chart 
that Sarah Bacon, daughter of Captain Langston 
Bacon and Sarah Patterson of New Kent county, 
married Philip Bowles of Hanover county, and 
that the brothers and sisters of Sarah were: 

Harwood; 

Ann Bacon, who married Captain Apperson; 

Lucy Bacon, who married Mr. Williamson; 

William Bacon; 

Edmund (or Edward' Bacon; 

Elizabeth Bacon, who married John Moseby; 

Lyddall Bacon, who married U) A. Apperson, 
(2) Lucy Crump. 

Another genealogical tree, examined and endorsed 
by the Richmond Times-Despatch, states that 
"Lyddall Bacon was the son of Nathaniel Bacon, 
Jr., the Rebel. It was Nathaniel Bacon, the uncle 
of Nathaniel the Rebel, vv ho had no children. 
Sarah Bacon was the daughter of Edmund Bacon, 
son of John Bacon, son of Nathaniel Bacon the 
Rebel." 

The similar names are confusing and often lead to 
error. For instance a Sarah Bacon of the third 
gener.ition married Captain Samuel Bugg; a Sarah 
Bacon of the fourth generation was a sister of 
Nathaniel and Izzard Bacon. The father of Ann 
Lyddall was Captain (called General) George 



120 THE HISTORY OF 

Lyddall, who commanded colonial troops in an ex- 
pedition against the Indians, and who was an offi- 
cer in Bacon's army in the Rebellion. The Bacon 
family seems to move westward .vith the Bowles 
name. The two families were granted land patents 
in the same counties about the sam.e time, served 
in the same military organizations, etc. The two 
families were neighbors in New Kent, Hanover 
and Henrico ccunties, and in 1799 Izzard Bacon 
paid taxes on "8 blacks over 16 years, i black 
over 12 years, and 200 acres of staff-broken and 
partly-worn soil,'* and Susan Ann Bacon paid 
taxes on "40 acres of staff-broken and partly-worn 
soil." There was a connection between the 
Hanover Bowleses and the Lewis family of Glou- 
cester county before the Revolution. One of 
1 homas Philip's sisters married a iWr. Lewis and 
Robert Bowles was a member of Captain John 
Lewis' Company in the Dunmore war in 1774. 
The Virginia and Maryland Bowles families there- 
fore touch through the Lewis family, for Eleanor 
Bowles of Maryland had married Col. Warner 
Lewis of Gloucester. Thomas Philip died about 
1800. His wife Sarah Bacon went to Missouri 
with her son John and died in 1833. The children 
of Thomas Philip and Sarah Bacon were: 

William, b. 1772. 

John, b. 1774. 

Philip. 

Thomas, b. 1777. 

Lyddall, b. April 15, 1783. 

Sally, drowned in young womanhood. 

Polly, married Mr. Langdon of Goochland co. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 121 

The oldest son of Thomas Philip and Sarah was 
WILLIAM, who '♦vas born in 1772; married Valencia 
Branch, daughter of Washington Branch of Hano- 
ver and Miss Britton of Chesterfield. He was 
married May 24, 1802. He paid taxes in Henrico 
county in 1802 on "two blacks over 16 years, and 
two horses." In 1804 he and Valencia moved to 
Mercer county, Ky. On Nov. 3, i8c6, he sold to 
his brother Lyddall 320 acres in Henrico county 
for $2,000.00, half of tract devised to them jointly 
by their father Thomas Philip. In Nov., 1812, 
William and Valencia transferred to Lyddall re- 
maining portion of tract devised to them by their 
father. William died in Covington, Tenn., in 
1826; Valencia near Randolph, Tenn., in 1842. 

Their children were: 
Mary, 
Lucinda, 
Virginia, 
Lyddall, 

William, b. Aug. 18, i8ii; d. Dec. 30, 1904. 
Maria. 
Sarah, 
Ldvs in, 

Zebulon Pike, b. Jan. 7, 1821 ; d. Aug. 22, 1870. 
Philip, weni to Arkansas. 
Valencia. 

The fifth child of William and Valencia was 
WILLIAM, who married Elizabeth Sarah Pemberton 
Montague of Barren county, Ky., on May 17, 1837. 
She was b-rn Dec. 17, 1819, the daughter of 
Thomas Clement Montague and Eleanor Day. 
Thomas Clement was the son of Clement Montague 
and Ann Bart'ett, the daughter of Vv^iiliam Bart- 
lett of Va. Elizabeth died Nov. 28, 1847, having 



122 THE HISTORY OF 

borne three children: 

Robert Smither, b. April i, 1838. 

Ellen, b. Aug. 16, 1839; died July 5, 1844. 

William, Jr., b. Feb. 29, 1844. 
William married secondly Caroline Haskell of 
Jackson, Tenn. She was bom in 1826, and died 
May 24, 1862, having borne two children: Nannie 
Valencia and Caroline, b. and d. 1862. Nannie 
Valencia was born Sept. 27, 1856; married Allie 
Duvall by whom she had two children, Allie and 
Caroline Haskell. Allie, their father, is dead. 
William came to Memphis from Randolph, Tenn., 
in 1844 and entered the grocery and ccmmission 
firm of Green, Bowles & Smither. In 1852 he 
and his brother Zebulon Pike formed the cotton 
buying firm of Z* B. Bowles. After the death of 
Zebulon Pike the firm name was changed to Wm. 
Bowles & Sons., the firm consisting of William 
and his sons Robert and William, Jr. William 
aided in the capture of the cruel bandit John A. 
Murrell and unaided guarded that desperate outlaw 
during the night following his capture. He was a 
charter and honorary member of the Memphis 
Cotton Exchange, and at the time of his death on 
Dec. 30, 1904, was probably the oldest cotton 
buyer in the United States. He was an honorary 
member of the Tennessee Club and Jockey Club, 
and a member of Grace Episcopal Church. He 
was very prominent in business and social circles. 
The occasion of his 93d birthday was made a nota- 
ble event by its celebration by the Cotton Ex- 
change. Congratulatory telegrams were received 
from the New York and New Orleans Exchanges, 



TttE BOWLE8 FAMILY 123 

and in the presence of the assembled membefs of 
the Memphis Exchange he was presented by Mr. 
Morrow with a handsome memorial. He died on 
Dec. 30, 1904. Born near Glasgow, Barren co., 
Ky., on Aug. 18, 181 1, he moved to Covington, 
Tenn., in April, 1826; in 1832 he went to Ran- 
dolph, and in 1844 to Memphis. He is buried in 
Elmwood Cemetery. His eldest son 
ROBERT SMITHER, who was born at Randolph, 
Tenn., April i, 1838, married June 6, 1866, Mary 
Glovenia Eppes, who was born in Holly Springs, 
Miss., Ncv. 2$, 1840, and died in Memphis Sept. 
20, 1903. He served in Company B, Bluff City 
Grays, 154th Tenn. Volunteers, and was wounded 
twice at Shiloh, and was paroled at Memphis in 
April, 1865. Resides in Memphis and is in the 
cotton business with his brother Williarn under 
the firm name of Wm. Bowles & Sons. Robert 
Smither is a promii^ent business man. His chil- 
dren were; 

Annie Taylor, b. June 7, 1868; d, Nov. 6, 1875. 
William Pike, b. Mar. 16, 1871. 
Robert Smither, Jr., b. Oct. 6, 1875. 
Male Eleanor, b. Oct. 18, 1877. 
Heber Valerie, b. Oct. i, 1880. 
Nannie Valencia, b. Oct. i, 1880. 

WILLIAM PIKE was born in New Orleans. He 

resides in Memphis, and is with the cotton firm of 

Lacy Bros.& Kimball. 

ROBERT SMiTHER, JR., vvas born in Memphis, 

and resides there, where he is with the cotton firm 

of Dockery & D ^nelson. 

NANNIE VALENCIA married Edgar P. Harris 

April 12, 1904. '; heir daughter Nannie Glovenia, 



124 THE HISTORY OF 

was born Jan. 21, 1905, in Memphis. 

WILLIAM BOWLES, JR., was bom in Randolph, 

Tenn.; married Kate Potter in Memphis Nov. 17, 

1871. Served in Company B, Bluff City Grays, 

154th Tenn. Volunteers; was wounded, and later 

transferred to Forrest's Cavalry, and was paroled 

in Memphis in 1865. Resides in Memphis and is 

in the cotton firm of Wm. Bowles & Sons. The 

children of William and Kate were: 

Mollie, b. Jan. 17, 1873; d- Aug. 6, 1874. 
Sara, b. Oct. 29, 1875; married (i) Mr. Lud- 

den of New York; (2) Alex. Smith, Prof. 

of Chemistry in University in Chicago, 

where Sara now lives. 
Potter, b. Jan. 31, 1885. 

The ninth child of William and Valencia 
Branch was 
ZEBULON PIKE, who was born in Barren county, 
Ky., near Glasgow, married Elvira Woodbury 
Montague, Feb. 26, 1845, iri Randolph, Tenn. 
Zebulon died Aug. 22, 1870, and Elvira, who was 
born in Rutherford county, Tenn., died in Mem- 
phis Jan. 7, 1888. He came to Memphis and in 
1852 he formed, with his brother William, the firm 
of Z. P. Bowles, which existed until 1866, when 
the firm of Wm. Bowles & Sons was formed. He 
was a man of honor and fine business ability. The 
children of Zebulon and Elvira were: 

Ellen, b. March 10, 1847. 
Alice, b. May 24, 1850; d. July 16, 1851. 
Charles, b. July 25, 1852; d. Dec. 20, 1855. 
Minnie, b. Oct. 26, 1856. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 125 

Willie, b. June 14, 1861; d. Sept. 15, 1862. 

ELLEN married July 25, 1866, Robert Douglass Ram- 
bant, of Petersburg, Va. He was born in Peters- 
burg, Va., July 2, 1839, and died in Memphis in 
1901. Ellen died in Memphis 1901. Their children 
were Rosa, b. April 8, 1868; Maude Hammond, b, 
April 21, 1870; Marie Elise, b. March 21, 1872. 

ROSA, b. April 8, 1868; married John Ellett, 
of Memphis, Tenn., January 14, 1891, and 
has four children: John, Ellen Douglass, 
Katharine and Dorothy. 

MAUDE HAMMOND married William C. 
Willis of Clarksville, Tenn., Jauuary 20, 
1892, and has four children: Sarah Ellen. 
Dora Newell, Robert Rambant and Wm. C. 

MARIE ELISE married Charles B. Galloway 
of Memphis, Tenn., in June 1891, and had 
one child: Charles B. Galloway, Jr. Marie 
Elise died Oct. 12, 1898. 

MINNIE married in Memphis September 19, 1876, 
William Wilson James, who was born May 7, 1850. 
They reside in Memphis, where Mr. James is of 
the firm of J^^mes Grocery Co. Their children 
are: 

Elva Balfour, b. Mar. 21, 1878; d.Mar. 31, 1878. 

William Wilson, b. June 20, 1879. 

Alice May, b. Nov. 26, 1882, 

Minnie Bowles, b. Mar. 31, 1889. 
ALICE MAY married Noland Fontaine. They 

have one son. 64 



126 THE HISTORY OF 

The second son of Thomas Philip and 
Sarah Bacon was 

JOHN, who married Winnie Brittain in Henrico coun- 
ty, Va., Feb. lo, 1812, and owned a farm on the 
Chickahominy river which he sold in 1816 to his 
**cousin Thomas Bowies, son of Benjamin.*' It 
is recorded that ''John Bt.wles loaned Josiah 
Mosby 35 pounds sterling, with other loans. May 
27, 1812.*' John moved to Missouri about 1821 
taking his mother with him. His mother, Sarah 
Bacon, died in 1833. Among the children of John 
were five sons: Philip, John, Edward, Benjamin 
and Thon^as. It is believed all of these children 
were born in Virginia, and some did not accom- 
pany their father to Missouri. 

PHILIP, son of John, married, and he and his wife 
died about 1870, leaving a family. A daughter, 
Mary, married Mr. McCarty and lives in Cooper 
county. Mo. A daughter Sallie married Mr. Muir. 
A son of John was named Charles. 

JOHN, son of John, married Susan Stockstall, sister 
of the wives of Ed v ard and Thomas. John moved 
from Missouri to Texas about 1882, where Juhn 
and his wife died. They had four boys and three 
girls. The sons were Benjamin, John, Joseph 
and another; the girls were Mary, Melvina and 
Nancy. Mary married Silas Skeins; Melvina, 
, who was subject to epileptic fits, is dead; Nancy 
married Moses Shiner. Benjamin served in the 
Confederate army under Lieut. Alonzo Calvin 
Bowles, throughout the campaigns of Gen. Price. 

EDWARD, son of John, married Miss Stockstall, sister 
to Susan and Huldah. They both died about 1900. 



THE BOWLtS FAMILY 127 

Their two sons were James and Lafayette. James 
is about 70 years of age, unmarried, and lives in 
South Greenfield, Mo. He remained with his 
father and mother until they died. He is a very 
good and wise man. Lafayette lives in Cooper 
county. Mo. 
BENJAMIN, son of John, married Marietta Priddy of 
Henrico county, Va., about 1839. She was born 
in 1816 and is still living in Colorado with her son 
John Bacon Bowles. Benjamin came to Missouri 
with John P. VV. Bowies in 1839, and settled in 
Dade county. Their four children were: Joseph 
Henry, John Bacon, Austin and Ann. 
JOSEPH HENRY, son of Benjamin and Marietta, 
married Lavilette Leiper and have two living chil- 
dren, Julian and Oscar. Julian is one of the largest 
stockraisers in Wyoming; he h;is married recently 
and lives at Medicine Bow, Wyo. Oscar married 
about 1902 Nora Evans, by whom he has one little 
girl. 

JOHN BACON married Birdie Barry. He is 
now living near Hudson, Col. He was born about 
1852. He has four daughters living, three of them 
are OUie, Lida and Dottie. Ollie married Joseph 
dinger. 

AUSTIN married Alice Mclnturff, and lives near 
Del Norte, Col. Their five children are Oda, 
Richard, Mclnturff, Tina and Ethel. Oda married 
Victor Stevenson, and has one child. Richard is 
married. Mclnturff is going to school, and Ethel 
and Tina are teachers. 

ANN, only daughter of Benjamin and Marietta, 
married Jacob Jones, and has a large family living 



128 THE HISTORY OF 

near South Greenfield, Mo. 
THOMAS, son of John and Winnie, married Huldah 
Stockstall, sister to Susan, by whom he had nine 
children: William, Calvin^ Alexander, Decatur, 
Patty, Betty, Louise, Eliza and another daughter. 
WILLIAM, born about 1837, married Elizabeth. 
He lives at Miller, Mo. Their children were Isaac, 
who died about 1900; Lawrence, who is married 
and living somewhere near Miller; and three girls. 
CALVIN married and lives at Miller. The child- 
ren were Thomas, Oscar, Delbert and four daugh- 
ters. Thomas married Jane Forshea; he died about 
1892, leaving a large family in Missouri. Oscar 
and Delbert live near Miller. The eldest daughter 
married Frank Gamble, the second daughter mar- 
ried Jack Gamble, brother to Frank; the third mar- 
ried Wm. Henshaw; the fourth married John Hen- 
shaw, brother to William. 

ALEXANDER married Narcisis Steeley. He died 
about 18S7, survived by seven sons andonedaugh- 
ter. The sons were William, John, Price, Clint, 
Hardin, Watson, Loney. William married Tracy 
Bird, and lives near South Greenfield, Mo. Priceis 
married and lives at Ash Grove, Mo. Watson 
married Miss Steeley, his cousin. Clint is un- 
married. Hardin married Luvenia, daughter of 
John P. W. Bowles, and they have two boys and 
two girls: Alma, twins Elva and Elvis and 'd baby 
born in 1906; they live near Prowers, Gol. John 
married Lulu Carrico and lives near South Green- 
field, Mo. Alexander's daughter married Bose 
Tucker and lives in Prowers, Col. 
DECATUR died from consumption about 1882. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 129 

PATTY married James Nixon, and died about 1892 
leaving a large family now living in southwestern 
Missouri. 

BETTY married John McGehee, whose brother, 
Rev. James McGehee, was the great Methodist 
preacher. Betty's daughter Lena lives near 
Round Grove, Mo. 

LOUISE marrried John Sandford, son of John P. 
W. Bowles. Her children's names will be found 
in the lineage of John Sandford Bowles. 
ELIZA married Rev. William Dotrey, a Methodist 
preacher. She had a large family. 
The fourth daughter of Thomas married Watsun 
Bennett, a very wealthy man of Mount VeriiOn, 
Mo, Her sons are great horsemen, and recently 
sold a horbe for $2u,ooo. 

The descendants of John Bowles and Winnie Brit- 
tain are settled in all the Western states, and arealmost 
exclusively farmers, stockbreeders or ministers. As 
the family for centuiies, both in England and Virginia, 
have been successful in these avocations, it seems but 
an instance of hereditary instinct for them to follow 
these pursuits in the great West. John, the founder 
of the family in Missouri, was a Baptist minister. 

The third son of Thomas Philip and 
Sarah Bacon was 
PHILIP, who died unmarried when about 23 years 
of age. 

The fourth son of Thomas Philip and 
Sarah Bacon was 



I30 THE HISTORY OF 

THOMAS, who niarried (i) Rebecca Williamson, of 
Henricocounty, Va., daughter of John Williamson; 
(2) Sallie Rawlings, daughter of Colonel Rawlings 
of Spottsylvania county. The marriage to Re- 
becca Williamson occurred Sept. 21, 1803, ^^ith 
John Williamson on bond. He married Sallie 
Rawlings on Jan. 25, 1825, his wife Rebecca hav- 
ing died in 1821. Thomas was born near Bowles' 
Mills, on the Hanover side of the Chickahominy 
river, on November 2, 1781. In 1805 "Thomas 
Bowles paid taxes on 5 blacks over 16 years, i 
black over 12 years, 7 horses and one tract 103 
acres, one tract 142 1-2 acres." A record states 
"Thomas Bowles, of Hanover county, shall take 
Simon Jones, a free negro, and teach him how to 
farm. Bond filed for same." Thomas and Ben- 
jamin Bowles were among those contributing "3 
days labor to raising Salem Church," which was 
built in 1809. In 1839 he moved to Missouri with 
his wife and all the children by his last marriage. 
He died in Missouri a few years after settling. His 
wife Sallie survived him but a few years. His 
son Lyddall had settled in Missouri about 1835, 
returned to Virginia and accompanied his father 
out in 1839. Lyddall, who was of a bold and 
restless character, died about 1848. The children 
of Thomas Bowles by Rebecca Williamson were: 

John Price Williamson, b. April 24, 1814. 

Lyddall. 

Benjarriin. 

Maria. 

Mary Ann. 

The children of Thomas 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 131 

by Saltie Rawlings were: 
James. 

Luvenia, m. Mr. Ward; living in Kansas. 
Rebecca. 

JOHN PRICE WILLIAMSON married Louise Priddy, 
of Henrico county, Va., in 1835, ^rid in 1839 he 
moved to Missouri. He was one of those daantless 
pioneers who delighted in the conflict with the 
wilderness, and who have done so much to spread 
the fame of Missouri as a producer of bold types 
of Americans. After the death of his wife Louise 
he married Melvina Carter, daughter of Captain 
Carter of Richmond, Va., in 1859. He lived for 
many years in Dade county. His children by 
Louise Priddy were: 

Alonzo Calvin, b. Dec. 8, 1836, in Virginia. 

Rebecca Ann, b. in Virginia. 

John Sandford, b. 1843, ^^ Missouri. 

Edward Bruce, b. 1847. 

Maria Louise, b. 1850. 

Jasper Newton, b. 1854. 
The children of John Price Williamson by Melvina 
Carter were 

Margaret Eleanor, b. 1865. 

Cynthia Ann, b. July 4, 1866. 

Henry Lee, b. Dec. 15, 1869. 

James Alison, b. April 20, 1873. 

Luvenia Jane, b. Sept. 27, 1874. 
Another child dead. 

ALONZO CALVIN BOWLES, when less than four 
years old, accompanied his parents to Missouri. 



132 THE HISTORY OF 

When the Civil War began he entered the Con- 
federate army, and becarr:e a lieutenant under 
General Price, and with the unconquerable spirit 
which distinguishes his race he still honors the 
cause for which he so desperately fought. After 
the war he went to Texas, where he has since 
lived, and is a stockraiser and farmer near Waco. 
His wife Christenia was born Nov. 15, 1843. 
Their children are: 

OSCAR, b. June 24, 1866; stockraiser and 
farmer, at Lanham, Texas. 

MRS. EARL FINLEY, b. July 7, 1870; lives 
in Waco, Texas. 

THURSTON, b. Aug. 31, 1872; in livery 
business in Waco, Texas. 

CLARA MAY, b. Aug. 11, 1879. Teacher. 

ROY and LOY (twins) b. March 10, 1886. 

JOHN SANDFORD married Louise, daughter of Alex- 
ander Bowles* John Sandford is a farmer and 
stockraiser at FvOnnd Grove, Mo. Their children 
are: Lena, who married Roscoe Wilkes and lives 
at Nedderland, Col.; Pearl, who married Loney 
Bowies, son of Alexander; Vida lives with her 
father; Lawson, who lives at Carthage, Mo., mar- 
ried Mary Gunnells, by whom he has four child- 
ren; William is unmarried and lives in Denver, 
Col., where he is employed by the Bowles-Buffe 
Land Company. 

EDWARD BRUCE is engaged in mining, farming and 
stockraising at Harris, Col. 

MARIA LOUISE married Mr. King and lives at lone, 
Oregon. ^ 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 133 

JASPER NEWTON was a stockraiser and farmer near 
Plattville, Col., and is now President of the 
Bowles-Buffe Land Company. 

MARGARET ELEANOR married Mr. Cochran and 
liv'es at Lamar, CoL 

CYNTHIA ANN married Mr. Carricoand livesat Bliss, 
Idaho. 

HENRY LEE BOWLES lives in Denver, where he 
was engaged in real estate, mining, and nursery 
growing. He is married, and is now Secretary of 
the Bowles-Buffe Land Co. Henry Lee is deeply 
interested in the genealogy of the family, and has 
furnished much information regarding the descend- 
ants of John and John Price Williamson Bowles. 

JAMES ALISON is a stockraiser and farmer at Bliss, 
Idaho, lie is married and has children: Howard, 
b. Jan. 8, 1899; Alta, b. June 23, 1901; Elva, b. 
Jan. 15, 1903. 65 

1 he fifth sun of Thomas Philip and 
Sarah Bacon was 

LYDDALL, who was born in the Chickahominy home- 
stead on the Hanover side of the river, April 15, 
1783. He married (i) Elizabeth Smith, daughter 
of Captain Obadiah Smith of Henrico county, and 
Betsy Burton; (2) Sally Waller hrice, daughter 
of Richard Price of Kentucky, who was killed at 
the battle of Raisin in the war of 1812. Elizabeth 
Smith was born Jan. 4, 1783; married Lyddall 
Dec. 14, 1805; and died Feb. 19, 1821. Obadiah, 
the father of Elizabeth, was the son of Isaac Smith 
of Henrico county, and the father of Betsy Burton 



lU THE HISTORY OF 

was Captain William Burton. Obadiah was En- 
sign in the Fifth Virginia Regiment in February, 
1777; Lieutenant December 10, 1777; transferred 
to Third Virginia Regiment September 14, 1778; 
resigned April 25, 1779. Sally Waller Price was 
born March 18, 1796; married Lyddall March 17, 
1824; died July 9, 1835. Although the youngest 
son Lyddall seems to have been possessed of much 
property, for besides his estate in Hanover county 
upon which he employed 12 blacks he owned 
tracts in Henrico county, one tract of 240 acres 
he bought from James Edwards in Oct. 1806, and 
on June 2, i8c6, he bought from his brother Wil- 
liam half of William's share of the tract left to 
them jointly by their father, and in November, 
1812, he bought the remainder of William's 
share. In 1809 he paid taxes on 337 acres in Hen- 
rico county. The following was recorded March 
9, 1809: "Mary Royall, late Mary Smith, Lyddall 
Bowles and Elizabeth his wife, (late Smith), and 
Nancy Smith, aunts of Obadiah Smith, late of 
Henrico, deed to Martin and Jacob Smith." Mary 
Ro/all, now King, Lyddall and wife and Nancy 
Smith made corrected deed of same property. In 
1821 Lyddall was elected ruling elder of the Han- 
over Baptist Church, He died October 24, 1835, 
and his will probated Nov. 24. It is recorded on 
"Dec. 2, 1835. $23,600 

Peter W. Grubbs, of Richmond, and William B. 
Bowles of Hanover county, only qualified execu- 
tors of Lyddall Boules, deceased, late of Henrico 
county, to Robert Priddy, whereas Lyddall Bowles 
by his last will and testament admitted to record 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 135 

in Henrico Court, subjects his whole estate, both 
real and personal, to payment of his debts, and 
leaves it discretionary with his executors as to 
what part thereof shall be sold fcr that purpose: 
Mills known as Mosby's Mills (counties of Henrico 
and Hanover dividing line) on Chickahominy 
Swamp, with 10 acres of land on south side pond 
in Henrico and 5 acres on north side pond in Han- 
over county, also land covered by water in said 
pond.'* 

"July II, 1836. $888.cx) 

Executors of Lyddall Bowles to Benjamin Slocum, 
tract of 103 acres on R. F. & P. R'y; tj 12 acres 
on Horsepen Branch." 

*'July 18, 1836. $440.00 

Same to Robert Eliett, 106 3-4 acres." 

"Oct. 22, 1836. $1154.25 

Same to James R. Hawkins 243 acres on Horsepen 
Branch (called Gregory), plat of same on record 
with this deed." 

"Jan. 12, 1838. $1890.00 

Same tu Wm. King and James Ryall, two tracts 
on both sides of Chickahominy Sw::mp in Henrico 
and Hanover, and on which is situated Bowies' 
Mills, 178 acres in Hanov9r mill-house dam, etc., 
4 acres in Henrico." 

"June 18, 1838. $1192.00 

"Same to George Drewry 447 acres; same tract 
said Lyddall Bowies resided at period of his death, 
on R. F. &. P. R'y." 

"Nov. 25, 1843 $448.00 

Same to Jacob B. Kesser et als 64 acres on west 
side of R. F. & P. R'y about 11 n iles from Rich- 



136 THE HISTORY OF 

mond.*' 

"Feb. 5, 1846. $50.00 

Same to Jacob Kearsey i 1-2 acres on Brook Turn- 
pike 3 miles from courthouse.'* 
It is worthy of note that the Grubbs name is also 
in the lineage of John Bowles of Goochland, and 
Peter Grubbs gave a deed for 92 acres purchased 
by Lyddall in 1806, and in 1814 John Bowles of 
Goochland paid taxes on a 92 acre tract in Hen- 
rico. The children of Lyddall Bowles and Eliza- 
beth Smith were: 

Sarah Adeline, b. Oct. 19, 1806; d. April 1 5, 1878. 

Philip, b. May i, 1808; d. aged 13 days. 

Martin Smith, b. Nov. 7, 1809; d. June 17, 1893. 

William Bacon, b.June22, 1811; d. Oct. 24, 1838. 

Lyddall, Jr., b. Aug. 16, 1815; 

Elizabeth Ann, b. April 8, 1817; d. Mar. 29, 1830. 

Maria L., b. Dec. 31, 1820; d. aged 5 weeks. 
Sally W. Price, Lyddall's second wife, was the grand- 
daughter of Rev. Wm. E. Waller of Spottsylvania 
county. Her parents settled in Woodford county, Ky., 
«vhere Sally W. Price was born. The children of Lyd- 
dall by Sally were: 

Mary Waller, b. Jan. 30, 1825; d.Aug. 17,1900. 

Richard Price, b. April 23, 1827; d. Sept. 1839. 

Eliza Price, b. Sept. 13, 1832; 

Sally Price, b. June, 1835; ^- Nov. 22, 1835. 

The second son of Lyddall and Elizabeth was 
MARTIN SMITH, who married Lucy Cross of Hanover 
county. He was much interested in religious 
rriatters and took a prominent part in all the Bap- 
tist revivals and meetings. He has been described 



THE BOWLHS FAMILY 137 

as a **good, old-time shouting Baptist," and his en- 
thusiasm was such that he travelled all over the 
State with the Baptist ministers. His wealth 
and kindly character permitted him to do much 
practical good, and he was well known and highly 
esteemed. It is related of him that he never had 
to do bnt one day's manual work in his life, o.nd 
that was caused when, with some boy companions, 
he had partaken of too much cider, and his father, 
as a punishment, made him work a iong day in 
hauling wood. It is said that he never afterwards 
drank spirituous liquors. The children of Martin 
Smith and Lucy Cross were: 

William Thomas, b. Nov. 22, i833;d. Dec.23,.1899 
Sarah Adeline, b. Mar. 5, 1837; d. Sept. 29, 1886. 
Lyddall, b. Aug. 20, 1838; d. June 21, 1906. 
Samuella Lavinia, b. Sept. i, 1847. 

WiLLlAM THOMAS married Nov. i6, 1859, hlla Eliza- 
beth Glazebrook, daughter of Robert Snead Glaze- 
brook and Susan Frazier. Susan was the daughter 
of John Frazier of Spottsylvania and Sarah Branch 
of Chesterfield CO. Robert Snead was the son of 
John Glazebrook and Judith Blackwell,^ whose 
brothers John and David Blackwell were Revolu- 
tionary soldiers, and her cousins were Captain 
Thomas Blackwell and Lieutenant Joseph Black-. 

!; . well and Samuel Blackwell of the Virginia troops. 
William Thomas was a brick manufacturer and 

•" contractor of Richmond, Va., and was very suc- 
cessful. He was a man of splendid physical pro- 

' ' portions, being 6 feet, 3 ins. in height and weigh- 



138 THE HISTORY OF 

ing 240 lbs. He was a soldier of the Confederacy, 
serving in the Tenth. Va. Cavalry, Co. I, vvith 
Captain Hopkins, and later Captain iVlcDowell, 
Col, Lucien Davis Williams commanding. The 
ehildrenof William Thomas and EllaElizabethwere; . 
ROSA ELLA, b. Oct. 23, 1862; mar. Clarence 

Gordon Wright, Feb. 16, 1886. 
EFFIE ROBERT, b. Feb. i, 1867; mar. Henry 
Spiller Kelley, December 28, 1892. Their 
daughter Elizabeth Marlborough Kelley was 
born Oct. 6, 1S95. It is due to the deep in- 
terest of Effie Robert in her ancestry that this 
History of the Bowles Family was compiled. 
THOMAS SMITH, b. Feb. 14, 1868; mar. Effie 

Lewis, nf Roanoke, Jun. 2, 1906* 
BEULAH (DOLLY), b. Feb. 10, 1872; raar. Wil- 
liam Garlick Mahone, of King William county, 
Nov. 22, 1893. Their son Thomas William 
was born Jan. , 1897. 

The oldest daughter of Martin Smith 
and Lucy Cross was 
SARAH ADELINE, who married. May 7, 1857, Wil- 
liam R, Thomas, of Hanover county^ near Ash- 
land. Their children v\ere: 
Carrah B. Thomas. 

Emma A. Thomas; d. June 6, 1877, aged 15 years. 
A. Wilton Thomas, d. June 10, 1869, aged 2 years. 
Robert Wythe Thomas, d. Feb. 14, 1891, aged 

20 years. 
Rubsell A.Thomas, d. Dec. 30, 1873, agedjmos. 4. 

John G. Thomas, mar. Louise Adelaide Tiller 
April 15, 1896. His children are Sarah 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 139 

IsabeTfe, aged 9 years; Margaret Ethel, aged 
6 years; Annie Maud, aged 2 years. 
Hattie Adeline, mar. Bernard S. Hall April 10, 
1901. Her children are Robert Garnet, 
aged 5 years; Mattie Virginia, aged i 1-2 
years. 

The third child of Martin Smith 

and Lucy Cross was 

LYDDALL, who married Martha Francis Walker Mar, 

22, 1866. Martha F. was the daughter of John 

Walker, and died March 29, 1893. Their children 

were: 

NANNIE LILLIAN, b. Dec. 20, 1866; mar. Jos- 
eph W. Terrell Dec. 20, 1893, i heir child- 
ren are Fannie Emn iline, b. Nov. 10, 1895; 
Charles Lyddall, b. Jan. 28, 1897: Martha 
Washingt n, b. Aug. 26, 1898; Elma May 
b. April 8, 1901; Ruth Elizabeth, b. Feb. 

RICHARD AUBREY, b. Dec. 18, 1868; mar. 
Cora Myrtle Francis, Dec. 19, 1899. Rich- 
ard A. died Jnly 25, 1902. 

LYDDALL, b. Dec. 15, 1870; d. Oct. 13, 1892. 

HATTIE MAY, b. Sept. 19, 1872; d. Sept. 29, 
1874. 

JOHN MARTIN, b. Aug. 25, 1874; mar. Dec. 
23i 1897, Clara Bell Brown; d. March 29. 
1907. His children are William Lyddall, b. 
Sept. 3, 1899; John Edward, b. Nov. 9, 
1900; Richard Aubrey, b. Oct 25, 1902. 

JAMES HENRY, b. May 22, 1877; mar. Maggie 
Raymond Davis Feb. 7, 1906. 



140 THE HISTORY OF 

EMMA LUCY, b. Nov. lo, 1879; mar. Robert 
Cross Dec. 19, 1900. Their children are 
Everett Waverly. b. Oct. 17, 1901; Wylie 
Eggleston, b. Aug. 18, 1906. 

The fourth child of Martin Smith 
and Lucy Cress .vas 
SAMUELLA LAVINIA, whomarriedJohn William Val- 
entine, son of Mann Valentine and Ann Barlow, 
Nov. 10, 1884. Their son Ernest Warriner was 
born Jan. 8, 1891. 



The Virginia Pedigree is continued on 
Page 220. 



Ube ^ar^lanb Branch. 

The Maryland family is distinguished among the 
branches of the Bowles family by the dfstinct line of 
descent from the English progenitor. 

The direct ancestor of the Maryland family was 

T. BOWLES, the English medallist and engraver of 
London, of whom Walpole said : "his work was the 
fr test to survive the eighteenth century," was born 
about 1712, or as some biographies state, in 1702. He 
had at least two sons, 

CARRINGTON BOWLES, the well-known print 
seller of St. PauPs, who was so often mentioned in 
the literature of the eighteenth century. His shop in 
St. Paul's Churchvard was the most famous of its 



142 THE HISTORY OF 

kind, and his prints were seen in all the centres of re- 
finement in the kingdom. His brother 

THOMAS BOWLES emigrated to America in 1758 
and settled in Frederick county, Maryland. He 
possessed an education acquired inthe best English 
schools and became a schoolmaster. Having a 
keen business mind he acquired wealth sufficient 
to purchase an extensive plantation. He was 
Clerk of the County and was held in the highest 
esteem by his neighbors. Kis wife was named 
Eleanor; she died March 30, 1813. Thomas died 
August I, 1800. The children of Thomas and 
Eleanor were William Augustus, Thomas, John, 
Catharine, Mary Neil, Samuel, Susanna, Isaac, 
F-van, James, Anne Matilda, Juliet. 

WILLIAM AUGUSTUS, born October 22, 1763; died 
December 23, 1805, in Morro Castle, Havana. 
General in the British Army, Chief of the Creek 
and Cherokee Nations. His life will be found 
printed immediately after this pedigree. 

THOMAS, born March 29, 1765. 

JOHN, born October 10, 1766; died February 25, 1834; 
married February 9, 1795, to Jane. Their children 
were Thomas Carrington; Lucretia, b. July 12, 
1798; Catharine, b. July 17, i8cxd; Mary, b. June 
24, 1801; Sarah, b. Dec. 24, 1803; John Samuel, 
b. March 13, 1809; married Anna Charles. De- 
scendants given presently. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 143 

CATHARINE, b. June 3, 1769. 
MARY NEIL, b. March 22, 1771. 
SAMUEL, b. April 15, 1773. 
SUSANNA, b. June 3, 1775. 
ISAAC, b. April i, 1777. 
EVAN, b. December 3, 1778. 
JAMES, b. December 28, 1780. 
ANNA MATILDA, b. May 20, 1783. 
JULIET, b. October 9, 1784. 

The oldest son of John and Jane was 

THOMAS CARRINGTON, b. Nov. 28, 1795, d. April 
8, 1857, in Clayton Co., Iowa; mar. Mar. 28, 
1819, tc Jane Rogers, b. April 17, 1798, in Dau- 
phin Co., Penn., d. April 18, 1884, in Clayton 
Co., Iowa. Their children were 

Eleanor Jane, b. Feb. i, 1820, in Washington 
Co., Md., mar. Feb. 14, 1859, in Cla>ton Co., 
Iowa, to Seldon Candee; no issue. 

The second child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane Rogers was 

John Carrington, b. Nov. 16, 1821, in Wash- 
ington Co., Md. Died in infancv.i* 



144 THE HISTORY Oh 

The third child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane Rogers was 
Lucretia Sarah, b. Sept. 19, 1823, in Holmes 
Co., Ohio; mar. Aug. 23, 1858. In Clayton Co., 
Iowa, to Joshua Reese. Their children were 
Jennie M., unmarried in 1904, and Ellsworth, 
who is dead. 

The fourth child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane Rogers was 
Elizabeth Rogers, b. Jan. i, 1826, in Holmes 
Co., Ohio; mar. Nov, 5, 1846, in same county, 
to Stephen Thompson. 

The fifth child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane Rogers was 
Theodore George Crawford, of whom presently. 

The sixth child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane Rogers was 
James Rogers, of whom presently. 

The seventh child of Thomas Carringtcn and 
Jane Rogers was 
Nathan Drake, b. May 3, 1833, in Holmes Co., 
Ohio; mar. Oct. 1856, in Clayton Co., Iowa, 
to Bertha. No issue. Both dead. 

The eighth child of Thomas Carrington and 

Jane Rogers was 

DAVID DRAKE, b. May 3, 1833, in Holmes 

Co., Ohio; married Jan. 5, 1859, in Clayton 

County, Iowa, to Nancy; lives retired in Rock- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 145 

well, Cerro Gordo County, Iowa. Children : 
Jane Ellen, born December 6, 1859. Pro- 
prietor of Worr.an's Noonday Club Res- 
taurant, St. Louis, Missouri. 
Thomas. 
William. 
Cameron. 
Lucretia. 
Laura. 

Rilla, who married Chester Sullivan. 
Verne. 

The ninth child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane Rogers was 

REV. ORLYN DAVIDSON, D. D., born June 
14, 1836, in Holmes County, Ohio; married 
September 10, 1863, ^^ Clayton County, Iowa, 
to Rachel. He was a Methodist minister in 
Iowa, where he resided from early childhood. 
He died March 13, 1879. ^^^^ children v. ere : 
MAY, b. March 12, 1866; married A. A, 
Reed, Superintendent 0; Schools at Su- 
perior, Neb.; children: ^.errill Vergil, b. 
Feb. 23, 1894, Carolyn, b. July 25, 1899. 
LILLIAN, b. Feb. 28, 1873; niar. Mr. An- 
derson in 1903; children: Frank, Nellie, 
died in infancy. 

The tenth child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane Rogers was 
May Matilda, b. July 28, 1840, in Holmes Co., 
Ohio, died there July 30, 1840. 



146 THE HISTORY OF 

The fifth child of Thomas Carrington and Jane was 
THEODORE GEORGE CRAWFORD, b. July 3, 
1828, in Holmes Co., Ohio; d. April 8, 1879, ^t 
Olathe, Kansas. Married June 18, 1857, at New 
Brighton, Pa., to Mary Emma Pettit, b. Oct 16, 
1839, in Bedford Co., Pa., d. January 2, 1897, in 
Westport, Kansas City, Mo. Theodore G. C. 
Bowles served during the Civil War as ist Lieu- 
tenant, Reg. Quartermaster 15th Ohio Infantry, 
Aug. 1861; Captain, Quartermaster Volunteers, 
April 1862; Captain on General Johnston's Staff; 
Brevet Major Volunteers Mar. 13, 1865, I'O'' faith- 
ful and meritorious service during the war; mus- 
tered out Mar. 2$, 1866. Member of the Kansas 
Legislature. Superintendent of the Deaf and 
Dumb Institute at Olathe, Kans. (See the U. S. 
Biographical Dictionary, Army and Navy Regis- 
ter, etc.) Children were: 

EDWARD VMNTHROP, b. May 28, i860, 
in Mansfield, O.; mar. Jan. 22, 1891, at Wel- 
lington, Kansas, to Ella Elizabeth Rouse, b. 
June 9, 1867, in Cincinnati, O.. Children: 

Theodore Crawford, b. in Kansas City, 

Mo., Mar. 23, 1894. 

Howard Winthrop, b. in Kansas City, 

Mo., Feb. 2, 1898. 

LOUIS CARRINGTON, b. April 22, 1864, 
in Jeffersonville, Ind.; mar. in Pittsburg, 
Kansas, Feb. 19, 1890, to Julia Braznell. 
Children: 

Lysle Carrington, b. in Pittsburg, Kansas. 

Mary Henrietta, died in infancy. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 147 

MARY EMMA, b. Jan. 19, 1869, in Ottawa, 
Kansas; mar. in Kansas City, Mo., June 21, 
1900, to Franz Georg Ernst Buerger, b. June 
3, 1863, at Soemmerda, Thuringia, Germany. 
Children: 

Franz Bowles Buerger, born in Kansas 

City, Mo., May 22, 1903. 

EDNA RUTH, b. December 25, 1872, in Ot- 
tawa, Kansas; d. there August 25, 1873. 

EUGENE P. TTIT, b. March 28, 1875, in 
Ottawa, Kansas; mar. in Salt Lake Cit> , 
Utah, March 5, 1902, to Florence Bran-.well. 

The sixth child of Thomas Carrington and 
Jane was 
JAMES ROGERS, b. May 30, 1831, in Holmes Co., 
Ohio; mar. Aug. 31, 1853, in Keokuk, Lee Co., 
Iowa, to Mary Ann McEveny. James Rogers 
lives at 1321 Olive street, Kansas City, Mo. He 
is a contractor who has been engaged successfully 
in the constructioii of large enterprises. Children: 

ALICE, died in infancy. 

CHARLES MADISON, b. 1856, in Keokuk, 
Iowa; mar. Emma Dillman in 1880. Lives 
at 228 N. Mill street, Kansas City, Kansas, 
where he is successfully engaged in poliiics. 
Children: 

Ernie Dale, born July 15, 1882, in Kansas 

City, Kansas. 



148 THE HISTORY OF 

Ray Russel!, born October 21, 1885, in 
Kansas City, Kansas. 
Hazel, born August 28, 1894, in Kansas 
City, Kansas. 

IDA MAY, born October 20, 1859, in Leas- 
burg, Crawford County, Mo. Lives in the 
family home at 1321 Olive street, Kansas 
City, Mo. 

CONSTANCE LUELLA, born May 19, 1869, 
in Keokuk Lee County, low: ; married Oliver 
Neal Axtell, a civil engineer, in 1901. Lives 
at 4408 Walnut street, Kansas City, Mo. 

The sixth child of John and Jane was 

JOHN SAMUEL, born March 13, 1809; married Anna 
Charles. Children: 

ANNA JEANETTE, born in Maryland; married 
Daniel Deford, Ottawa, Kansas. Children: 

Frank Porter, born and died in Ottawa, Kans. 

Arthur. 

ERNEST, born in Maryland; married Mary Dunn; 
lives in Kansas City, Mo. Children: 

Kitty. 

Lee. 

Iris. 

Robert Edward Harry. 

CHARLES, born in Maryland; married Gussie: 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 149 

lives in Wyoming, Cambria post office. 

JOSEPH, born in Maryland; died in Wyoming, 
unmarried. 

THOMAS, born in Maryland; married Anna; died 
in St, Louis, Mo. Child: 
Anna. 

MOLLY, born in Maryland; died in Ottawa, Kan- 
sas; married David Wychoff; no issue. 

42 

(For Continued Maryland Genealogy see after Life of General 

\Vm. Augustus Bowles. ) 



TtjE UfE 

OF 

(fEjtEfiJ{L WiLLii{fii J{uqu$jus BowLes. 

William Augustus Bowles, the eldest son of 
Thomas Bowles, was born in Frederick County, Mary- 
land, October 22, 1763. His early education was re- 
ceived from the small library of his father, and any 
deficiency in this early training was afterward sup- 
plied by the marvellous natrral talents of this adven- 
turous native of the frontier of America. 43 

" He was but a boy wl.en the war which severed 
America fiorr. Britain burst forth. Fascinated from 
his cradle with the idea of a military life, when but 13 



I50 THE HISTORY OF 

years of age he fled from the paternal roof and deter- 
mined to gratify his romantic wishes. It vvere vain 
to inquire whether he was stin.ulated by a partiality 
for the English name or by an innate love of enter- 
prise; but it is evident that he had not obtained that 
mature judgment which alone could have enabled him 
to weigh and determine the justice of the contest. 

"After surmounting a variety of difficulties and 
undergoing the almost incredible latigues and dangers 
of a lor.g and lonely mi^rch through the woods, he ar- 
rived at the British camp in Philadelphia. 

** Unknown and youthful, he was reduced to the 
necessity of entering an old regiment of foot, where 
he was received as a volunteer, a term by which it is 
not meant to convey the station of a common soldier, 
but that of a young man serving in expectation of pro- 
motion. Soon after this he obtained a commission in 
a corps of Maryland troops commanded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Jan.es Chalmers 

When the army v\ as forced to make a retrograde 
movement from Philadelphia young Bowles accom- 
panied his regiment as a subaltern, and served along 
with the flank companies at the battle of Monmouth. 

Towards the Autumn of 1778 he embarked for the 
island of Jamaica, and afterwards pre reeded to Pensa- 
cola, in W est Florida. At the latter place he was de- 
prived of his commission in consequence of his defiance 
of the rigid rules of discipline. Having been brought 
up amidst the forests of the frontier this young man 
was unused to restraint and unaccustomed to subordi- 
nation. He felt himself fitied to command and could 
not submit to the iron discipline of a well-appointed 
regular army. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 151 

Young Bovvlee submitted to his fate, not merely 
with fortitude, but even with the appearance of joy.. 
Instead of deprecating the melancholy lot "•. hich 
seemed to await him, he appeared gay, unconcerned 
and happy at having regained his liberty. It is thus 
that he is described by a brother-officer in the "Au- 
thentic Memoirs of General William Augustus Bowles, 
Ambassador of the United Nations of Creeks and 
C herokees to the Court of London,*' 1791. 

.'* Behold, then, this disbanded yumg soldier, 
his last shilling gone, too proud to beg, and too inde- 
pendent to stoop to menial offices, an uncultivated and 
savage country around him, no guide but cliance, and 
no resource but his own fortitude, behold him on the 
brink of apparently inevitable ruin. But Fortune, 
whose peculiar care he seems to have been, stepped in 
to save him. A party of the Creek nation were on 
their return home from Pensaccla, where they had 
been to receive their annual subsidy, and young 
Bowles, delighted with the novelty of the situation 
now opened to him, joined the party, having first, in 
contempt, thrown his regimental coat into the sea." 

A situation so flattering to the independence nat 
ural to his heart had doubtless many attractions. But 
whether, through the sameness uf the scene or a con- 
stitutional restlessness, or actuated through pride to 
show himself once more to those who had reduced him 
to the appearance of a savage, he left his protectors, 
after having resided with them ror a few months, and 
came unattended to Pensacoia. 

When he arrived on the opposite shore of the bay, 
he found a hogshead, which some British ship had left 
behind it, and Bowles, impatient of delay, withou^ 



152 THE HISTORY OF 

waiting for any other conveyance, used this hogshead 
for his boat, the branch of a tree his mast, a blanket 
his sail, and .-. few stones his ballast. 

In this dangerous craft he navigated the extensive 
Pensacola bay, procuring food by fcwlihg and fishing, 
and at night regaling on his prey. 

In this very hogshead, perhaps, his bosom first 
throbbed with the desire of nautical knowledge. Here 
also he had occasion to seek for resource in himself 
alone, resources which at a future day were to shield 
him in the hour of danger, and which alone could com- 
plete him for the leadership of a brave and gallant na- 
tion. 

It was in Pensacola that Col. Faulder, the author 
of "The Memoirs of General Bowies/' first saw the 
young Bowles, and his curiosity strongly aroused con- 
cerning so strange a character, and the Coloners mind 
presaged the daring actions which distinguished the 
"Beloved Warrior,'* by which appelati:n he was uni- 
versally known to the Creeks end Cherokees. 

But this precarious livelihood did not last lung. 
The winter of 1779 will lung be remembered in the 
Floridas, and young Bowles, almost naked, superior to 
the injuries of men, found in the elements an enemy 
which no strength of constitution could withstand. 
He wanted shelter and it was not long before he :t- 
ceived it. Among the inhabitants of the town there 
was one, a baker, under whose roof he remained the 
greater part of the winter, who, finding him a strong, 
robust lad, thought it reasonable he should help to 
make the bread which he so plentifully ate. 

Highly impressed, as Bowles was, with a sense 
of obligation for the hospitality of the stranger, an 



THE BOWLES FA.VIILY 153 

aversion to manual labor, peculiar to the habits in 
which he had so lately indulged, made him reject the 
proposal, and he would again have been exposed to all 
his former hardships but for his old friends the 
Creeks. 

The extraordinary inclemency of the weather had 
brought them down for provisions, and Bowles once 
more returned with them and remained nearly two 
years. During this period he strengthened the ties of 
friendship by marrying Singing Bird, the daughter of 
one of their chiefs. 

In "Pickett's History of Alabama'* he is thus 
pictured at this time: " The elegant and commanding 
form of this wonderful man, fine address, beautiful 
countenance uf varied expression, his exalted genius, 
daring and intrepidity, all connected with an unceas- 
ingly active and ambitious mind, eminently fitted him 
to sway the savage Indians and worse traders among 
whom he lived" 

On the breaking out <.'f hostilities with Spain, he 
was distinguished ii. so eminent a degree for vigor and 
coolness in action that his fame spread through all the 
Floridas, and the most venerable chiefs pointed him 
out as an example worthy of imitation. 

Having now acquired considerable influence 
among the Creeks, who had adopted him into th^eir 
tribe at the very period when he was considered an 
outcast by those of his own blood, Bowles determined 
nevertheless to make use of all his influence for the 
advantage of Britain, seeing that the Creeks, menaced 
on one side by the Americans and on-the other by the 
Spaniards, must depend upon the aid of Britain. 

He accordingly collected a small body «>f Indians, 



154 THE HISTORY OF 

marched to the succor of Pensacola, then menaced by 
the Spaniards under Don Galvez, and where he was of 
considerable service to general Campbell during the 
seige. He distinguished himself on several occasions, 
particularly at a sortie made by only ninety-six rank 
and file of provincial troops on the enemy's lines at 12 
o'clock noon, when the British carried the advanced 
post with the loss of only or.e man, while fifty out of 
seven hundred Spaniards in the works were killed by 
the bayonet alone, besides a great number who were 
shot while flying along the trenches. 

But the career of this singular man was nearly 
terminated by one of those numerous accidents to 
which soldiers are ever liable during a seige. A few 
days after the memorable sally alluded to above, the 
British advanced redoubt happened to be blown up just 
as Mr. Bow les was entering it, and had this misfortune 
occured but a few secor.ds sooner he must have 
inevitably perished. But although he escaped unhurt 
he experienced the sensation arising from the de- 
struction and annihilation of an hundred men within a 
few yards of him. 

The services of Mr. Bowles were so highly con- 
sidered during this memorable seige that he was rein- 
stated in his former rank in the army and mentioned in 
despatches to headquarters. He was publicly thanked 
by General Campbell, and retired with the garrison to 
New York where he continued until duly exchanged in 
the course of the following year. 

It is fitting here to include one other of the many 
military adventures in which he was engaged. In the 
year 1780 a small detachment was sent out with the 
intention of surprising the Spanish fortified town of 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 155 

Mobile. Bowles, with several hundred Indians, joined 
the party, himself so exactly resembling a savage 
warrior that unless he had discovered himself, he 
would never have been recognized by his old acquaint- 
ances, several of whom served in this expedition. At 
daylight on the morning of the 7th of January, 1780, 
the signal being given to commence the assault, the 
young American left his tribe to fight after their own 
manner, and rushed on with the British troops. This 
small body, consisting of no more than fifty soldiers, 
forced the Spanish works, and actually carried them in 
opposition to four hundred of the enemy, who at- 
tempted to escape on board an armed vessel; but they 
were intercepted by the Indians, who killed many of 
them after they had readied the boats. 

This very circumstance contributed to the mis- 
carriage of the enterprise, for the flight of the garrison 
being precluded, the troops composing it took shelter 
in their barracks, whence they fired with equal safety 
and success at such ioldiers as had not perished in the 
assault, for by this time more than one half the origi- 
nal detachment had been killed or wounded. 

In the midst of the tumult, carnage and confusion 
which ensued, Bowles v\ as employed in taking aim 
coolly and deliberately with his rifle at the enemy 
stationed at the windows, afterwards posting himself 
behind a tree, loading and firing alone; but he was at 
length dislodged by a cannon ball, which shivered the 
body and branches, and compelled him also to retreat 
along with his remaining companions, now in full 
march homeward. 

He, however, had not the good fortune to be be- 
loved so much in the regiment to which he again be- 



156 THE HISTORY OF 

longed, as he was aipong the Indians, for he was soon 
after this put under arrest in consequence of menacing 
a superior officer, and between 20 and 30 articles were 
exhibited against him before a general court martial. 
On his trial several friends, among them officers of 
high rank, testified in his behalf, and his valuable ser- 
vices being reviewed, he triumphantly was acquitted. 

Having about this time received a furlugh from 
Lord Dorchester, he set out to visit his father in Mary- 
land. His restless character, ' owever, did not permit 
him to remain long, and he soon rejoined his adopted 
brethren, the Creeks, in East Florida. He resided 
with them about a year, and although no more than 19 
years of age, he^appears at this period to have medi- 
tated schemes of ambition which conducted him finally 
to the leadership of that important nation. Even now 
he had acquired their esteem by his knowledge of 
military discipline, tactics and cool, vigorous skill in 
battle, and left them deeply impressed both with re- 
spect for his talents and affection for his person. 

After exploring the coasts of the two Floridas, he 
first visited the Southern States, and then repaired to 
the Bahamas, where he displayed the versatility of 
his talents fly acting in the theatre for the relief of the 
loyalist families who had been forced to take refuge 
there. ^,n this occasion he actually ornamented the 
scenes with his own hand; but, as New Providence 
did not at thai time possess the proper colors for his 
likenesses, he turned "chemist and created them. In 
addition to the accomplishments of acting and painting 
this self-taught genius made himself master of the 
rudiments of music, in which he became tolerably pro- 
ficient. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 157 

But, amidst pursuits of this Kind, Mr. Bowies was 
not inattentive to matters of higher concern; indeed, it 
became after vvards apparent that these polite occupa- 
tions were but a screen for his warlike ambiticns. 
Having at length accumulated a quantity of warlike 
supplies and a vessel to transport them, he repaired 
to the continent, and being joined by a strong detach- 
ment or Creeks, waited in the neighborhood of St. 
Marks, on the Bay of Appalachia, for the arrival of his 
stores. The Spanish governor of the adjacent town 
was greatly alarmed, but on a remonstrance on the 
part of Bowles, accompanied with a threat, that in 
case of any opposition, the Creeks would attack the 
Spanish, the cargo was successfully landed, and was 
soon after C' nveyed by horses to the interior of the 
country. It seems to have been his intention t^ form 
a magazine for the supply of the Creeks and Chero- 
kees with arms and ammuniaun, w ith a view of pene- 
trating into the Spanish dominions in South America, 
and waging perpetual war with a nation against vs hom 
he and they bore the most implacable enmity. 

In the course of this project he made many voy- 
ages to the Bahamas, in one of which he carried over 
five chiefs. Cn the return voyage with these warriors 
the ship was almost sunk duri..g a dreadful storm, but 
having safely landed his supplies, he now determined 
to instruct his companions in the art of navigation, 
and for this purpose made several excursions into the 
Gulf of Mexico. In one of these he was attacked by a 
Spanish vessel cruising for the express purpose of in- 
tercepting him, fcr the Spanish governors in America 
had now become convinced that he not only intended 
to establish an independent power in Florida, but in- 



158 THE HISTORY OF 

tended also to create a maritime state. They accord- 
ingly resorted to every expedient to apprehend him, 
or betray and murder him, having offered a reward of 
six thousand dollars and fifteen hundred barrels of rum 
for his head. 

When attacked by the Spanish ship Bowles had 
recourse to strategy, for, upon being fired upon, he 
immediately slackened sail, and when the Spanish, 
thinking he was helpless, were about to board, he re- 
ceived them with so severe and unexpected a fire from 
six 4-pounders which had been masked that they were 
glad to permit him to escape. 

At this time he impressed into his service some 
of the desperate buccaneers who infested the Florida 
seas, and utilized ihem both for teaching the Creeks 
and Cherokees the details of navigation and for captur- 
ing ships from the Spanish whic i he afterwards used 
in his scheme of empire. Among these buccaneers 
were three who had become notorious for deeds of 
blood, Willbanks, Blackbeard and Moses Price. 

On returning to the Creek country Mr. Bowles 
was made First Counsellor by the assembled Creek 
and Cherokee chiefs, which office gave him the high- 
est civil power, and shortly afterward he was elected 
Commander-in-Chief of their armies by acclamation, 
thus uniting in his own person the two greatest 
offices. 

About this time Fate struck a great blow ut the 
ambition of Bowles. A fleet of 18 captured Spanish 
ships intended to convey the Creeks to the conquest 
of South America, and which were moored in Pecua 
Bay, was destroyed by a great storm which swept the 
wrecks miles inland. 



THE BOWLES FA.VilLY 159 

Perceiving that b:th Spain and the Southern 
States had become alarmed, and were making prepara- 
tions for war upon the Creeks, Mr. Bowles went to 
London and endeavored to enlist the aid of the British 
Government, with whom the Creeks had a written 
treaty of offensive and defensive alliance. He repre- 
sented that he would be unable to repel i^ simultaneous 
attack from two powerful nations, and received assur- 
ances that Britain would fulfill the terms of the alli- 
ance in the event of war. Upon the governments at 
Washington and Madrid being notified of this decision 
there was a cessation of threatening preparations 
directed against the Creeks. 

^ hen in London Mr. Bowles greatly impressed 
the government by a memorial read in Parliament re- 
citing the perils surrounding the Creek and Cherokee 
Nations, their resources and defensive capacity, and 
the part he had himself borne in promoting and direct- 
ing the national aspirations. A quotation from this 
memorial is as follows : 

" On my return from the army in New York my 
youth did not permit me to a seat among the chiefs of 
the national council. I employed myself in encouraging 
agriculture, and in infusing a spirit of honest industry 
in the minds of the more moderate around me. I also 
instructed the young men in the use of the different 
instrurr.ents of war, as well as inculcated the advanta- 
ges of military discipline. To this end I frequently 
dreu' out parties into the desert under pretext of hunt- 
ing, composed at times of from one hundred to seven 
hundred men. My marches were always conducted 
with military order, my camps regularly formed, with 
the necessary guards, pickets, etc. As if I had been 



i6o THE HISTORY OF 

in an enemy's country I laid ambuscades, planned 
sham battles, and endeavored to show them that the 
strength of an army consisted in the union and co-op- 
eration of all its parts, thereby to destroy that inde- 
pendence which arises from a reliance on personal 
agility and strength only; to bring them by degrees to 
be commanded, to rely on the chief for the preserva- 
tion of the whole, and only act agreeably to his orders. 
I also established a manufacture of porcelain and 
earthen ware for home use, and thus, by dividing my 
attention to a number of objects and appearing steady 
to none, I avoided creating jealousies. People were 
pleased with my pipkins, while they thought me a 
somewhat flighty young man, who never once serious- 
ly reflected upon anything, therefor was never dan- 
gerous. 

'* But observing that the State of Georgia main- 
tained an appearance of hostilities, and that expresses 
were constantly passing to and from Alexander McGil 
lavrey, who was the bitterest opponent of my policy. 
The contents of these messages were never fully com- 
municated to the chiefs, which determined me to dis- 
cover the real intentions of Georgia. 

"in the latter end of 1785, after consulting with 
sorrx of the chiefs, I departed secretl) , and attended 
in disguise the meeting of the Assembly at Augusta, 
in Februar) , 1786, where I made myself acquainted 
with the prominent characters - f the State, heard the 
debates in the Assembly respecting war with us, in- 
formed myself of the force they could bring into the 
field, the state of their magazines, etc., and returned 
home satisfied we had nothing to fear from the State 
of Georgia, etc., etc.'* 



THE BOWLES FAMILY i6i 

On the return of Mr. Bowles he called a council of 
the chiefs, and it was resolved to replenish the maga- 
zines, to strengthen the confederation of the h.dian 
tribes, and to place the Creek and Cherokee nations 
in complete preparation for war. 

Great Britain and Spain were at this time upon 
the point of war, and Mr Bowles went to the Bahamas 
accompanied by four chiefs, to offer the aid of the 
United Nations if Creel. s and Cherokees to Great 
Britain during the war. Mr. Bowles was treated with 
great distinction by tiie Governor, Lord Dunmore, who 
gave him the king's commission ls a general in the 
army and premised large supplies of arms and ammu- 
nition, the Creeks and Cherukeet on their part guar- 
anteeing to place in tht field seven thousand warriors. 

General Bowles procured ships and through the 
aid of Hon. John Miller, a wealthy planter and Presi- 
dent of the C'Uncil, large supplies ^f arms, ammuni- 
tion, and other vvariike supplies, were safe'iy conveyed 
tu the Creek and Cherokee magazines. 

General Bowles, however, had hardly completed 
his preparations, w hen he received despatches from 
Bahama announcing that a treaty guaranteeing peace 
had been signed betw een Great Britain and Spain, 
but the decisive coi-duct of Bowles on this occasion 
and the completeness of his preparations for attacking 
them, produced the most inveterate rancor and hatred 
among the Spaniards, and they then began to meditate 
those schemes of revenge which at length proved but 
too successful. 

In 1791 he found that the Vazoo and Tennessee 
Company, which had offered him a bribe of $20,000 
and 200,000 acres of land, had obtained a grant of nine 



i62 THE HISTORY OF 

million acres of land from the American Congress, and 
that an American army was on the frontier to support 
their pretensions. McGillavrey had corrupted several 
of the chiefs during the absence of Bowles, and these 
chiefs had almost con pleted negotiations with the 
United States highly disadvantageous to the Creek 
and Cherokee Nations. 

These events, however, served but to exercise 
his talents. He drove back the adventurers who had 
crossed the frontier, forced McGillavrey to tly and sent 
a party to pursue him, molilized his army at strategic 
points, and the American troops, impressed with his 
complete preparation for war, retired without commit- 
ting any act of aggression. 

He called a great council of the Nations, and. the 
courxil decreed that the ports of Appalachicola, Oak- 
welochre and Tampa should be declared free to all na- 
tions not at war with them. It was also decreed that 
they should use a national flag, that their vessels 
might be recognized and respected. 

Ai'ter despatching several hundred warriors to 
guard these ports, he set off in December to lay out 
towns f^T the convenience of settlers, and while en- 
gaged in surveying at Oakv\elochre an unsuccessful 
attempt v\as made to assassinate him in the midst of 
his faithful followers. The would be assassins were 
pursued and killed near Appalachee. 

But in 1792 the Spanish plots bore fruit and they 
succeeded in entrapping this man whom they were 
unable to either corrupt or to conquer. 

On the 20ih of February, 1792, two Spanish offi- 
cers, Don Joseph de Havia and Major J. Rosseau, ar- 
rived with despatches from the Governor of Louisiana 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 163 

addressed to General Bowles as Chief of the United 
Nations. 

In these his excellency stated that he had received 
and forwarded the papers transmitted by the United 
Nations relative to opening their ports, trade, etc., for 
the inspection of Count Florida Blanca, minister of 
State, but that an answer must not be expected in less 
than six months. 

Orders, however, had arrived in the interim to 
form a treaty that should obviate all possible doubts, 
and remove all future jealousies. But as the distance 
and uncertainty of conveyance rendered it impossible 
to negotiate by means of letters, the governor had de- 
spatched a vessel with two officers to propose that 
General Bowles should accompany them to Nev Or- 
leans, where they could treat on terms favorable to 
both nations. It was flatteringly int. mated that he wis 
awaited at New Orleans with the utmost impatience, 
where the great chief would be treated with the great- 
est distinction. 

A council was held to determine upon an answer, 
and after a long debate it was determined that the war 
chief should adjust the treaty in person, although 
many of the sachems endeavored to dissuade General 
Bowles from trusting to the perfidious promises of 
Spain. On this the two Spanish officers immediately 
pledged the honor of their nation that General Bowles 
v/ould return within forty da) s. 

Everything being thus settled to all appearance in 
the most friendly manner, they proceeded to New Or- 
leans, where, after some previous discussion, the gov- 
ernor pretended that his own powers were insufficient 
to treat on matters of such great importance, and that 



i64 THE HISTORY OF 

General Bowles must therefore be sent to Spain. In 
short, the minister plenipotentiary was seized, put on 
board an armed vessel, and conducted to Spain as a 
prisoner! 

He was carried to Madrid, and it was actually 
proposed that he negotiate a treaty while in confine- 
ment. He, on his part, proposed that the matters in 
dispute be left to the arbitration of the king of Great 
Britain. This was refused. He was assured, how- 
ever, of the profound respect in which he was held by 
the ministers and the king of Spain, and was offered a 
high commission in the Spanish service. Upon this 
propositicn being contemptuously rejected, his guard 
was doubled, and he was informed that his power was 
too great among the Indians for him to be perm.tted to 
return to America. 

General Bowles was treated by turns with great 
rigL/r succeeded by a period of flattering c nsideration, 
but to each method he returned but a stern and uncom- 
promising demand for freedom. 

Affairs remained in this situation until the ist of 
January, 1794, when he was surrounded by a company 
of light horse and escorted to Cadiz, where he was 
confined in a fortress for an entire year, while cease- 
less attempts were made to get him to sign a treaty 
disadvantageous to his nation. 

On January 4, 1795, ^""^ '"^'^s embarked on board 
a vessel without knowing whither it was bound, but 
after a tempestuous voyage around Cape Horn it 
arrived in the harbor of Lima where it was proposed 
that if he would accept the offers of the king of Spain, 
he could return to Spain. Upon his refusal, the ves- 
sel continued its voyage and upon the morning of the 



THE BOWLES FA.WILY 165 

27th of November, 1795, General Bowles arrived at 
Manilla. 

On the day after his arrival the Ccrregidor read 
to him a paper setting forth the reasons for his being 
detained a prisoner and sent to that distant part of the 
world. This paper set forth "that he intended to at- 
tack and possess himstlfof his Majesty's colonies of 
Louisiana and Florida, and that he proposed to declare 
the ports free to all nations not at war with him or his 
nation, that for the good of his majesty's service he 
must be detained in the Island of Luzon," etc., etc. 

In the 'Memoirs" General Bowles gives an inter- 
esting account of his return: **|On the 2d of Febru- 
ary, 1797, the Corregidor desired me to prepare, add- 
ing, with a significant sneer, 'that his majesty had 
ceded the Mississippi and all his possessions in Florida 
to the French Republic," and he "supposed I would 
treat with the French, although 1 had refused to do so 
with Spam." 

"This happened at 10 uVlock in the morning and 
at 2 _ 'clock the same day I sailed out of the bay of 
Manilla en board the ship "La Purissima Concepci- 
one," which touched at the Isle de France, where I 
first understood the state of Europe, learned of the war 
between Great Britain and Spain, and the certainty 
that Spain had ceded Florida to the French Republic. 

At that time a declaration of war was hourly ex- 
pected and the democratic party at the Isle de France 
congratulated me on the prospect of an alliance be- 
tween my nation and the French Republic, while sev- 
eral Americans, en the other hand, expressed their un- 
easiness on seeing me return to Europe, but offered 
me a passage to New York, Philadelphia or Baltimore, 



i66 THE HISTORY OF 

as vessels were then lying in the harbor bound to these 
ports, which offer, however, I declined. I observed 
a profound silence in respect to all parties, and deter- 
mined not to return to Spain, but, on the contrary I 
had a plan to seize the Spanish ship while at sea and 
to proceed home with her." 

"It became impossible to put the plot into execu- 
tion, however, owing to the calm w eather which per- 
mitted the convoy of t\\ o frigates to sail close, until 
the i6th of April, near the Cape de Verde Islands, 
when, the plot being discovered and several persons 
imprisoned, I contrived to get on the African coast on 
the 9th of May." 

"I proceeded along the coast to Sierra Leone, 
where the governor. Sir Zachary Macauly, procured 
me passage in a small vessel bound for London. A 
storm severely dam.iged this vessel, and, being over- 
taken by the British ship-of-war Isis, Captain Mitchell 
offered me passage to England." 

An incident which obtained wide circulation in 
Europe at the time is worth recording here: 

During the voyage from Pensacola to Cadiz one 
of the officers who had so basely betrayed him fell 
overboard, and, being unable to swim, was in immi- 
nent danger of being drow ned. General Bow les at 
this moment happened to stand en the poop-deck, 
clothed in the gorgeous Spanish dress of the period, 
and beheld his betrayer struggling feebly in the sea. 
Throw ing aeide the gold-laced habit, the captive chief 
leaped into the ocean and sw am towards the drow^ning 
Spaniard. Lifting up the Sp-^niard's head, Bowles 
addressed himintheCastilijn language thus : "Wretch ! 
It is in my power either tc leave you to your fite or to 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 167 

precipitate you to the bottom of the ocean. Live 
however!" he added, raising him up, 'Mf life can be 
desirable to such a man as you, and you can take it 
from my hands!" Having spoken thus he bore him 
towards the frigate and helped him to get on board. 
This circumstance made a deep impression on the 
minds of the spectators, and, to the honor of the Span- 
iards be it recorded, it was related afterwards at Ma- 
drid with great eulogium and applause. 

Having at length landed in England without the 
necessaries of life, he proceeded to Walmer Castle, 
where William Pitt was then residing, and had a long 
audience with the great minister. He recounted his 
adventures to Pitt and gave him information based up- 
on his knowledge of conditions in the Spanish and 
French territories bordering upon the United States. 
This interview resulted in a warm friendship between 
Bowles and the great statesman; which resulted in 
Pitt ever afterward aiding him. 

General Bowles proceeded to London and pre- 
sented letters received from Pitt to ministers of the 
government. The Duke or Portland secured him every 
accommodation; he accompanied Lord Peterborough 
to a great review of troops, and when he left London 
for America he had received assurances that abundant 
supplies of warlike material for his nation would be 
put upon the coast of Florida. 

This visit of General Bowles to London excited 
wide interest and caused various descriptions of his 
appearance. 

"Public Characters" pictures him: ''General 
Bowles is not more than 36 years of age. He pos- 
sesses a handsome and manly person; his countenance 



i68 THE HISTORY OF 

is intelligent, and he has something peculiarly warlike 
in his look and attitude, as if by nature destined for 
command. In stature he is npwards of six feet, mus- 
cular in his frame, and constructed in such a manner 
as to unite strength and agility. In consequence, 
perhaps, of having lived long in the woods, his com- 
plection has assumed an olive hre, and he is but little 
fairer than any of the warriors of his nation. When 
attired in the dress of an Indian chieftain, he appears 
noble and majestic, as may be seen from an inspection 
of his engraved portrait." 

•*'The London News Letter/* touches "upon his 
perfect skill at a tactician in Indian warfare, the great 
breadth of his shoulders, the varied talei.ts of his in- 
tellect, the martial aspect of .his countenance, and says 
that he is more than six feet in height.** 

"The Authentic Memoirs of William Augustus 
Bowles" gives, a long description: ''In stature Bowles 
commands our attention from his height, and the con- 
formation of his limbs is such as that of the gladiator 
in the statues, denoting the combined qualities of 
strength and activity With a countenance upen, 
bold and penetrating, he has acquired the gravity of 
manners corresponding with those of the naticns whose 
habits he has assumed. His constitution, superior to 
all climates and equal to tiie greatest bodily exertions, 
disdains the indulgence of effeminate pleasures. Tem- 
perance he practices. from choice, and the force of his 
example manifests itself among his people. In the 
endowments of his mind nature has particularly formed 
•him for great and daring achievement^; but the leading 
feature of his soul is ambition,, to which every other 
passion is made subservient. Intrepid and enterpris- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 169 

ing, his motions, tJie effects of deliberate reflection, 
are sudden as lightning, and less suspected. To these 
talents of a warrior he unites accomplishments which 
not only excite in our minds the highest pitch of ad- 
miration, but even approach to the marvellous. He is 
an actor without having seen above three dramatic 
perforn ances in his life. A painter, who never saw 
the effects of the art but on a sign-post. A chemist, 
without even the rudiments of the science. A sailor, 
without study of the principles of navigation. A self- 
taught warrior, instructing savages in tactics, and re- 
ducing their barbarous spirits to the rules of military 
discipline. A legislator, forming a code of laws wisely 
adapted to their manners and situation; changing him 
from the hunter to the more civilized state of the herds- 
man. A politician, unpracticed in courts, yet claiming 
the attention of the priucipal powers of Europe, and 
when we have view ed him assimilating such contrari- 
eties of character, our admiration will have no bounds, 
when it is known that the 'Beloved Warrior' of the 
most warlike of all the Indian tribes has just attained 
his six and twentieth year.*' (1791), 

* 'Pickett's History of Alabama " gives an account 
of a meeting: "Approaching the sea, Elliott found, 
vv'recked upon Fox Point, a schooner of the British 
navy, commanded by Lieutenant Woolbridge, on board 
of which was the celebrated General Wm. Augustus 
Bowles. Bowles had used this schooner to capture 
and destroy numerous vessels of Spain and of the 
French and Spanish traders. General Bowles ad- 
dressed Elliott a polite note inviting him to the wreck, 
where, when he repaired, he was received with great 
kindness." Lieutenant Elliott in a report of the inci- 



170 THE HISTORY OF 

dent, wrote that "the handsome presence and the 
fascinating charm of his manners, makes it possible to 
understand the power of General Bowles over the red 
Indian and the white savage." 

When General Bowles returned to Florida he 
found the Creek and Cherokee Nation greatly reduced 
in strength, as the Spaniards had taken advantage of 
his captivity to divide their councils and tj destroy 
those who \\ ere hostile to them. 

The warriors of the Nation flocked to greet the 
great chief, and to pledge their loyalty, and by the 
summer cf 1802 Bow les had moulded their policy to 
his own will, had organized them, replenished their 
magazines, and accompanied by a body of warriors es- 
timated at 4000, he advanced against the whole frontier 
of the Spanish possessions. After capturing many 
small posts and fighting several desperate battles, he 
had, before the following winter, driven the Spaniards 
to the shelter of the fcTlified tow ns. 

At this time he had formed a formidable C'^nfed- 
eracy with the Five Nations, had se. ured the firm 
friendship of the Mohawks, h: d either m.ade binding 
agreements or had intimidated the Southern States, 
and with his frontier secured from that side considered 
himself strong enough to again shake the grasp of 
Spain in North America. 

But the Spanish government displayed the energy 
of terror in its efforts to seize this man whose portent- 
ous preparations to destroy their empire were so for- 
midable. Spain appealed to the British government to 
denounce Bowles. Spanish agents appeared in the 
American border states to turn the sentiment against 
him, and the friends of McGillavrey becime venm- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 171 

ously active. Sixty thousand dollars reward was 
offered by the Spanish Government fcr Bowles* head. 
Two attempts were made to assassinate him. One un- 
successful party of assassins was pursued and de- 
stroyed by Bowles' friends. A notorious buccaneer 
named Waite attempted to shoot him, but was killed 
by Bowles with a tomahawk. 

But these desperate efforts of a desperate govern- 
ment were at length successful, for in the autumn of 
1804 he was betrayed into the hands of his enemies. 
He had commenced the campaign in the spring by at- 
tacking the town of St. Marks, v. hich he captured and 
destroyed. He then, after destroying several trading 
posts, among others, that of Panton, Leslie & Co., 
proceeded in the direction of New Orleans at the head 
cf five thousand warriors. While on the march, when 
at Avtauga Spring, he received word that the Choctaw 
chiefs were holding a council feast at i usgegee. He 
was desirous of attaching these chiefs tu his interest, 
and came to the feast attended only by some Micca- 
soochy ciiiefs. 

The Americans and Spaniards had combined t-j 
capture him by treachery, and during the feast he was 
suddenly seized by concealed Indians, securely pin- 
ioned and placed in a canoe full of armed warriors, 
which was rowed rapidly down the stream. That 
night Bowles gnawed the r jpcs which bound him and 
while his guards slept, crossed the river in the canoe. 
Accidentally bre: king the bottom of the canoe caused 
him tL leave it upon the bank as he plunged into a 
thick cane brake. At daylight, as the astonished In- 
dians recovered from the consternation caused by his 
escape, they found the abandoued canoe, and so got 



172 THE HISTORY OF 

upon his trail. A wounded foot impeded the speed of 
General Bowles, and by midday, after a desperate re- 
sistance, he was once more a prisoner. He was con- 
veyed to Mobile, and from thence upon a Spanish frig- 
ate, to Havana, where he was marched through the 
streets and his capture celebrated as a triumph. 

The great adventurer disappears from mortal ken 
into the gloomy dungeons of Morro Castle. Here the 
cruel neglect of his jailers caused his death by starva- 
tion, and on December 23, 1805, when the British 
agent had opened the door of his dungeon, the stormy 
but splendid spirit of William Augustus Buwles had 
taken its tlight, and the majestic form which had 
excited the admiration of two hemispheres Ia> mould- 
ered to a skeleton. 

His descendants were distinguished -^mong the 
warriors of the Nation for skill and sagacity. One, 
the famcus Chief Bowles, was the intimate friend of 
General Sam. Houston, and fought by the side of that 
hero through the Texan war for independence. Chief 
Bowles fought for the United States throughout the 
Mexican war. He was killed in battle with Texans 
in 1851. 

Continued /BbavslanD Ocncaiog^. 

The Children of John Samuel Bowles and Anna 
Charles, all born in Washington County, 
Mar> land, were: 

Anna Jeanette, who married Daniel Deford, and 
who now lives in Denver, Col.; 

John Charles, noted presently; 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 173 

Ernest; 

Joseph Henry; 

Thomas Carington, who died in Texas? 

Molly Carington; 

\\ iiliam Augustus. 

JOHN CHARLES BOWLES married Augusta Bran- 
don Yerby, of Iowa, in September, 1892. The 
children are 

Dorothy Jeanette, b. in Wyo. Jan., 1898; 

John Charles, Jr. b. in Wyo. Dec, 1904. 
Johii Charles lived in Texas a good many years, 
engaged intne3toc< business. He drove cattle 
for 15 years over the trail Irom Texas to Kans., 
Col. Neb., Wyo. and Montana, He is ntw en- 
gaged in raising horses and cattle on his ranch at 
Cambria, Weston County, Wyoming. The 
Bowles brand for the range is: 

M M 
2 2 

The eighth child of Thomas and Eleanor was 

ISAAC BOWLES, b. April i, 1777; mar. Mary Bag- 
ford April 16, 1798; she died at the home of her son 
Samuel in 1842 in Bow lesville. Rock Island cc, 111. 
Isaac moved from Maryland to Rock Bridge, Va. 
In 1816 he moved to Eaton, Ohio; in 1818 to Indi- 
ana, lived there until 1837; in that year ceased 
housekeeping and passed tbe rest of their lives 
visiting their children. Isa^^c died in 1847 ^t the 
home of his son John in Louisiana. 
The children of Isaac and Mary Bagford were 



174 THEHiSTORYOF 

William A. 

Harriet. 

Constance C. 

James H. 

Thomas Carrington. 

Matilda. 

Samuel, b. 1809, d. 1893. He founded 

Bowlesville, III. His children were a 

son, S. M. Bowles, living at Moline, 

111., and a daughter. 
John W., who owned a line of boats on Red 

River, and who lived in Louisiana-. 
Madison. 
Caroline. 

THOMAS CARRINGTON BOWLES, b. January 24, 
1806; d. August 16, 1840. He mar, AnnaPatton, 
Feb. II, 1834, who was born July 31, 1808; died 
Mar. 26, 1866. Their children weie 

LEWIS STERLING, b. Dec. 8, 1834; mar. Lizzie 
Andrews Sept. 25, 1861. Lewis Sterling is a 
distinguished physician, proprietor Hotel Bowles, 
Bloomington, and resides at Paoli, Ind. Their 
two children are 

William Thomas, b. July 17, 1862; mar. April 
28, 1886, Mary G. Osborn, whose children 
are Lewis S., b. March 30, 1887; 

Eleanor, b. July 24, 1889; 

Marie, b. July 31, 1892. 

James Andrew, b. June 8, 1877; mar. Hazel W. 
Simmons on Feb. 10, 1904. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 175 

The second son of Thomas Carrington 
and Anna Patton was 
JOHN HAMILTON, b. Oct. 8, 1836; d. June 16, 
1898. He mar. Kittie Fields Feb. 17, 1874. 

The third son of Thomas Carrington and 
and Anna Patton was 
WILLIAM FRANKLIN, b. July 25, 1838; mar. 
Sarah Elizabeth Lagenaur, July 5, 1866. 

JOHN BOWLES was one of three brothers who came 
from England uith Lord Baltimore and "settled in 
St. Mary's county, Maryland. He was accom- 
panied by his wife and the family remained in 
St. Mary's for four generations. 

JOHN BOWLES and wife, living in St. Mary's in 
1774, had eight children: William^ John Baptist, 
Joseph, Jane, James J., Susan, Henrietta and 
Mary. In 1789 John Baptist, Joseph, Jane, James 
J, and Mary moved to Kentucky and settled in 
Scctt county. Joseph married Alice Raley and 
lived and died in Washington county, Kentucky. 
Jant married Ignatius Greenwell, and their son 
Robert married Maria Twynan and settled in St. 
Charles county, Mo. Mary married William 
Roberts and their daughter Elizabeth married John 
Burkman, who settled in Montgomery county, Mo. 

JOHN BAPTIST married Henrietta Wheatly, and 
their eight children were Walter, James W., born 
near Bardstown, Ky., in 1795, Leo, Clara, Eliza- 
beth, Catharine, Matilda, and Celicia. Walter 
married Rosa McAfee ai.d settled in St. Charles 



176 THE HISTORY OF 

county, Mo., in 1828. He was a soldier in the 
war of 1812 and was still living in 1875 Jri his 87Lh 
year. Leo married Teresa McAtee, and settled in 
St. Charles county, Mo., in 1831; they had seven 
children. Clara married Dennis Onan, and they 
lived in Ky. C atharine married Stephen T. Mc- 
Atee, who settled in St. Charles coi;nty in 1834; 
they had eight children. Stephen McAtee aad his 
youngest son George died the same da and were 
buried in the same grave. ' atilda married Walter 
Barnes and they lived in Kentucky. Celicia mar- 
ried James W. Drury, who settled in St. Charles 
county in 1835; they had thirteen children. 

JAMES W. married Susan Luckett and settled in St. 
Charles county, Mo., in 1835. They had six chil- 
dren, five of them sons: William R , John B., 
(Colonel in Union Army), James W., Aloysius, 
Joseph Luckett. Of these the first four are dead. 
James W. left a son in St. Charles county, Mo. 

JOSEPH LUCKETT lives in Augusta, Ga., where he 
is president of The J. L. Bowles Furniture Co. 
His sons are: 
Joseph Luckett, Jr., born Jan. 18, 1880, in Sa- 
vannah, Ga. Private secretary to Gen. 
Supt. S* uthern R. R., Washington, D. C. 
Marion Boozer, born Feb. 24, 1891, in Augusta. 
Samuel Pressley, born May 31, 1893, in -.ugusta. 

"William and Mary College Quarterl> " vols, i 
and 2, mentions the marriage of members of the Mary- 
land family to Virginians: "James Buwies made his 
will June 13, 1727, and names v. ife Rebecca, daughters 
Eleanor, Mary and Jean, and uncle George Bowles. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 177 

Eleanor married (i) Col. Wm. Gooch, son cf Governor 
Gooch of Virginia, (2) Col. Warner Lewis, of Warner 
Hall, Gloucester county, Va. Mary married Colonel 
Wm. Armistead, son of Colonel Henry Armistead of 
Gloucester county. 

James Bowles' wife Rebecca was a granddaughter 
of Admiral John Addison of the British navy. Rebecca 
Addison Bowles, as widow, married Sir Robert Henley, 
Lord Chancellor of England and Earl of Northington. 



i8o THE HISTORY OF 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 185 



Zhe Bew Enolanb Brancb. 



The first recorded bearer of the Bowles name in 
New England was William Bowles, who was Clerk of 
the Council for New. England in 1622. 18 

The most distinguished line of the name in New 
England, both for the clarity of its descent and the 
eminence of the men it has contributed to the nation's 
greatness, is called by genealogists the "Roxbury 
Bowleses." 

The founder of the Roxbury line was John Bowles, 
who came from England in the ship ''Hopewell" in 
1636. 19 He was long a member of ihe Massachu- 
setts Company, for as early as March, 1629, he had 
contributed 25 pounds to its treasury. 20 



i86 THE HISTORY OF 

Landing in Boston, after the ship had experienced 
a fearful storm which caused her to leak, John Bowies 
came to Roxbury, where he was living in 1639, ^^^ 
where he was admitted to the church, with Dorothy, 
his wife, in 1640. He was admitted a freeman May 
13, 1640, and a member of the Artillery Company in 
1645. H^ ^^'^s one of the founders of the Free School 
in Roxbury, and received the thanks of the town for 
his services to the community. He was mortally 
injured by being run over by a cartwheel, and was 
buried September 14, 1660. His will was made on 
August 22, 1660, and probated October 5th following. 
By it his son John was made executor and his \\ if e 
Sarah, daughter Elizabeth White, daughter Mary 
Gardner were named in it. 

His first wife Dorothy had died of small-pox No- 
vember 3, 1649, ^rid was buried the same day. It is 
thought she had no children. He married April 2, 
1650, Elizateth, daughter of Isaac Heath, whose child- 
ren were: 

Elizabeth, b. June 2, 1651; bapt. Feb. 23, 1651; 
Isaac, b. April, 1652, bapt. May 15, d. 1652; 
John, b. June, 1653; bapt. July 17, 1653; in 

Harvard College 1655; 
Mary, b. April 20; bapt. April 29, 1655. 

Elizabeth Heath Bowles died July 6, 1655. 

A third wife, Sarah, who may have been the wid- 
ow of Francis Chickering, as before marrying him she 
had been of John Sibley, burvived him to Sept. 2, 
1686; but her will was dated June 21, 1681. In it she 
gives equal portions to her brother Joseph Hovv and 
.son, Daniel Smith, Samuel Newman, Thomas Metcalf, 
William Syn mes, double portion to son John Bowles, 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 187 

and equal portions to daughter Mary Gardner, 
Wm. Thomas Gardner, John White and Timothy 
Dwight. 

Mary married Thomas Gardner, Nov. 17, 1673. 
Elizabeth married (perhaps) John Whiter 21 

REV. JOHN BOWLES was baptized by the 
Apostle Eliot, June 27, 1653. He was admitted a free- 
man in 1680, and was married, by the venerable 
Eliot, Nov. 16, 1681, to Sarah, daughter of Rev. John 
Eliot, and granddaughter of the Apostle, and of Thomas 
Willet, first mayor of New York. The Rev. John 
Bowles was graduated at Harvard in 1671, a classmate 
of Chief Justice Sewall. He was a very prominent 
man and was mentioned in the memoirs and records of 
the time as concerned in great public movements. He 
was elected a representative to the General Court in 
1689, Speaker of the House in 1690, and it is recorded 
by the Apostle Eliot that "Brother Bowles died in 
Roxbury on August 7, 1691, having been a ruling 
elder in the Church about five years.*' He founded, 
with Isaac Heath, the famed Roxbury Grammar School 
from which so many boys issued to make a name in 
the world His son, 

>/'AJOR JOHN BOWLES, was the eldest child, 
and was born March 15, 1685. His father, when dying, 
left him in the care of the Rev. Mr. Walter, a minister 
who preached the first sermon in the present meeting- 
house (1885) ii^ Roxbury. He was reared in the strict 
manner of the times, was given the education of the 
elementary schools and w as graduated at Harvard in 
1703. He was Major in the militia, Justice of the 
Peace, and was chosen Representative in 1728. He 
married twice, (i)Lydia, daughter of Samuel Check- 



i88 THE HISTORY OF 

ley, by whom he had five children, (2) to Frances 
White, sister of Wm. White, treasurer of Harvard 
College and clerk of the House of Representatives. By 
his second marriage he had one son, John. His only 
daughter, Mary, married Benjamin Lynde, afterward 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, a position previ- 
ously held by his father. Major John Bowies died on 
March 28, 1737, of jaundice, and the esteem in which 
he was held was expressed by a long article in the 
"Thursday News Letter" of April 8, 1737, called ''The 
Life and Character of John Bowles, Esq." The chil- 
dren of Major John Bowies were: 

Mary, 
John, 

Samuel, b, March, 171 3: 

William, b. March, 171 5; 

Joshua, b. May 3, 1722. 
Josh!;a married Mary, daughter of Captain Ralph Hart, 
a noted shipbuilder and builder of the first ship "Con- 
stitution." She died January 16, 1780, aged 52 years. 
Captain Ralph Hart, her father, died in Boston in 1776 
aged TJ Joshua Bowies owned and occupied a house 
in Charter street, near the head of Salem street, in 
Boston. He was a carver of furniture, a kind of work 
very fashionable at the time. He never had much 
property, for "indeed," as Samuel Bowles remarked 
in his Genealogical Notes, "I do not think our ances- 
tors were ever distinguished for the acquisition of 
wealth." Joshua Bowles was a very benevolent, 
pious man. An old lady, who knew him well in her 
youth, said that when walking behind him in the 
street she had heard him praying audibly. Like many 
other good men of his d.iy, he had a queer way of 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 189 

mingling religious and secular thoughts and words. In 
a letter to his son Samuel he once wrote: ''Dear Sam- 
uel, strive to live in the fear of God and write me word 
how the boat comes on.'* The boat referred to being 
a pleasure and sail boat kept to hire. Joshua died in 
Boston August 30, 1794, aged 72 years. The children 
of Joshua and Mary Hart were: 

Joshua, b. Oct. 19, 1754; d. June 3, 1792; 
Sarah, b. February 3, 1756; m. Mr. Phipps, 

of Charlestown; 
Ralph Hart, b. March 10, 1757; d. Sept. 181 3, 

at Machias, Me.; 
John, b. Mar. 2, 1759; d. Sept, 24, 1808, in 

Hartford; 
Mary, b. Sept. 21, 1760; m. Mr. Edes v)f 

Boston; 
Samuel, b. Aug. 4, 1762; d. Hartlord Mar. 31, 

1813; 

Lydia, b. Sept. 15, 1764; m. Joseph Austin, 
of Boston; 

William, b. Nov. 19, 1766; d. at sea, 1803. 
SAMUEL, the sixth child of Joshua, was, like all 
his brothers, brought up in Boston, except for a short 
time during the seige. At the time of the declaration 
of Independence he was but 14 years old. His educa- 
tion was meagre, as might be supposed in such times* 
Probably all his school advantages were obtained from 
Master Tileston, the celebrated North End schoolmas- 
ter. The queer discipline and crude manners of Master 
Tileston have made him famous. Samuel, at one time 
during his attendance at this school, assisted a baker 
in serving his bread in the morning. This obliged him 
to rise very early and often cut off his time for break- 



igo THE HISTORY Of 

fast if he would reach school in season. Fn such an 
emergency he would put a biscuit in his pocket, to eat 
when he had opportunity. One morning he entered 
school late, and endeavored to reach his seat quietly 
and unobserved. But Master Tileston sa^ him and 
sarcastically called the attention of the school to him 
by saying: "See that boy skulking to his seat with a 
biscuit sticking out of his pocket." Samuel learned 
the trade of pewterer in Boston. In May, 1785, when 
about 22 years old, he married Sarah Harris, a native 
of Boston and a descendant of John Harris, who lived 
in Charlestou n in 1658. Both Samuel and his wife 
were brought up under the relgnous teachings and in- 
fluence nf the ''Old South." The operations and 
effects of the Revolution, having spoilt the pewtering 
business, Samuel left Boston and after a short stay in 
Providence came to Hartford about the year 1789 with 
two young children. In going out of Hartford on a 
trading trip his leg v\ as fractured, which crippled him 
for life. He was unable to resun.e his former business 
and rpened a grocery store in North Main street, then 
called Burr street. In his small grocer> business he 
accumulated in a few years six or eight hundred 
dollars, besides supporting an increasing family. He 
afterw: rds owned and occupied a store at the corner of 
North Main and Trumbull streets, the store bounded 
■A est by Trumbull street. He also bought a house 
about 40 rods north, on the opposite side of Main 
street. He lived there with his family about 6 years, 
and his family occupied it about one year after his 
death. Samuel died on March 31, 181 3, from an in- 
tlan.mation of the lungs w hich had continued several 
weeks. He was conscious to the last, and gave his 



THE BOWLES FAMILY i^i 

family an affectionate farewell. He was a man of 
good sense, quick wit, tender feelings, and strict hon- 
esty. Though not a member of any church, he main- 
tained faithfully and liberally a connection with the 
Baptists, and he was always governed by a sense of 
religious duty in bringing up his family. He contribu- 
ted freely, accordii.g to his means, to the support of 
religious worship and of benevolent objects. His fam- 
ily bible he purchased in 1804 with a barrel of flour, 
the comparative price of which was then much more 
than it is now. 

The children of Samuel were: 

Samuel, b. Feb. 17, 1786; d. Sept. i, 1787; 
Ralph Hart, b. Jan. 21, 1787; d. in Hartford 

July 2, 1828; 
Samuel, b Jan. 26, 1788; d. Sept. i, 1789; 
John, b. June 12, 1789; lived in Palmer, Mass.; 

date of death unknown; 
Sarah Harris, h. March 27, 1792; d. Oct. 2j>, 

1810; 
Samuel, b. Sept. 31, 1793; d. Aug. 10, 1794; 
Josiah Harris, b. Aug. 10, 1796; d. Oct. 12, 1797; 
Samuel, b. June 8, 1797: d. 
Adelia S., b. Dec. 13, 1800; married (i) John 

Harris Nov. 20, 1821; (2) Asa Darrow about 

1838. She died Aug. 13, 1851. 

SAMUEL, the eighth son of Samuel and Sarah 
Harris, was a man of wide reputation in New England. 
He, in conjunction with Frederick D. Bolles, founded 
the Hartford Times in 1817. Frederick D. Bolles was 
of the Bowles blood, but of that branch of the family 



192 THh HISTORY OF 

which preferred the ancient spelling of the name. He 
early distinguished himself as a political controversial- 
ist and as an accurate and industrious news gatherer. 
A genealogical record states: ''Samuel Bowles, the 
eighth son and the fourth Samuel of Samuel, was a 
gentleman of talents and for several years edited the 
Times, a political paper in Hartford, Conn., but a few 
years later removed with his family to Springfield, 
Mass., where he again became an editor of his own 
political newspaper, The Republican, and died in 
Springfield in 1851 highly respected." It was in 1824 
that 1 he Republican was founded, and it has been a 
monument cf enduring honor to the character of Samuel 
Bowles. He possessed in great measure the honesty 
and shrewdness of the New England type, and so 
shaped The Republican that it became a great power 
not only in Massachusetts, brt in New England. He 
was worthily and brilliantly succeeded by his son rnd 
grands'.'n in the proprietor-editorship. Samuel was 
the first to obtain the kindly appellation of "Samuel 
Bowles of Springfield," which descended to his son 
and grandson, and which hiis ever been uttered in the 
American newspaper world as a tribute to the skill and 
honor of the editors of The Republican. He compiled 
and printed in 1851 the "Genealogical and Hist )rical 
Notes of the Bowles Family," which was the first 
genealogical work treating exclusively of the Bowles 
family in America. The material for these Notes was 
compiled in the closing days of a busy life, and have 
become celebrated among genealogists and librarians 
for clearness and accuracy. Thornton, Hinman, and 
other historians have drawn appreciatively from these 
Notes, and the compiler of this volume used them ex- 



jm BOWLBS FAMILY 193 

"Clusively for the facts of the Ro>^iiry famHy . Samuel 
died Sept. 8, 1851. He married Huldah Deming on 
February 12, 1822. Huldah Deming was born in 
Wethersfield, Conn., November 25, 1796, and died in 
Springfield, Mass., in 1871. The children of this union 
were: 

Albert, b. January 17, 1823; d. Aug. 16, 1823. 

. Julia, b. Feb. 21, 1824; married Adonijah Foot 

June 20, 1848; d. Aug. 29, 1851. 

Samuel, b. Feb. 9, 1826; mar. Mary S. Dwight 

Schermerhorn, Sept. 6, 1848; d. Jan. 16, 

1878. 

Amelia Peabody, b. Feb. 18, 1828; mar. Henry 

Alexander Nov. 8, 1847; died in 1896. 
Benjamin Franklin, b. April 19, 1833; "^^r. 
Mary E. Bailey; d. in Paris May 4, 1876. 

SAMUEL, the third child of Samuel 6th, succeeded to 
The Republican upon his father's death, and for 
31 years he edited that paper with such splendid 
ability that it ranked with the highest in Ameri- 
can journalisir.. His skill as a practical editor was 
not exceeded in America, and he was satisfied 
with nothing less tnan the best work, sparing 
neither himself nor others in his intense desire for 
perfection. He was warmly interested in palitics 
and his advice was sought by the National leaders 
* during the crisis of the Civil war, while his influ- 
ence with the people was of powerful assistance 
to the government. He was never hampered by 
fear or friendship, but was always guided by in- 
flexible ideals of honor and patriotism. He pos- 
sessed great magnetism of manner, was an accom- 



194 THE HISTORY OF 

plished and fascinating conversationalist, and cos- 
mopolitan and liberal in opinion. He traveled 
widely in Europe and America, and in "The Life 
of Samuel Bowles,*' by Geo. S. Merriam, are 
given extracts from his brilliant letters. Besides 
his splendid editorials Samuel Bowles displayed 
his clear and vigorous English in several books. 
He published "Our New West," "The Switzer- 
land of America," "Across the Continent," etc. 
His children were Samuel and Charles. 

SAMUEL, the son of Samuel 7th, was born in Spring- 
field, Mass., October 15, 1851, and was married 
June 12, 1884, to Miss Elizabeth Hoar, who was 
born November 25, 1854, and who was a daughter 
of Judge Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar of Conccrd, 
Mass. Samuel was educated in the Springfield 
schools and in Germany, attended Yale and took a 
special course of two years there which ended in 
1873. Amheibt College in 1879 conferred upen 
him the degree of A. M. Upon the death of his 
father he succeeded to the management of The 
Republican, and has kept that great paper tTur- 
ishing in all its former intellectnal vigi-r. His 
opinions, there expressed, are reprinted in the 
foremost dailies of the language. Criticil reviews 
of American editors have accorded him a place 
with the few whose \\'ide ::nd wise culture honors 
and dignifies American journalism. The children 
of Samuel are: 

Samuel, b. July 31, 1885. 
Sherman Hoar, b. April 24, 1890. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 195 

CHARLES ALLEN, the son of Samuel 7th, was born 
in New York City, December 19, 1861, and was 
married in October, 1885, to Miss Nellie Harris, 
darghter of J. B. Harris of Rutland, Vt. After 
leaving the preparatory schools Charles Allen 
attended Sheffield Scientific School for a year, 
since which time ne has been engaged in some 
branch of the paper business, and is now a dealer 
in paper manufacturer's stock and supplies. His 
children are Dorothy, Charles Allen, Jr., and 
Chester Bliss. 

Benjamin Franklin Bowles, the fifth child 
of Samuel 6th, had two children: 
Francis Tiffany, b. Oct. 7, 1858; 
Lucia Gordon, b. Jul> 20, 1864; mar. Otto 

Cursch. 

FRANCIS TIFFANY BOWLES was born in Spring- 
field, entered the Naval Academy in 1875, ^ind 
was graduated with high honors in 1879. ^^ 
spent several years at the Royal Naval College 
at Greenwich, England, and upon his return home 
was appointed Secretary of the Advisory Board. 
In 1886, while stationed at Norfolk, be built the 
battleship Texas and the cruiser Raleigh. In 1895 
he was transferred to the New York Navy Yard 
\\ith the rank of Rear Admiral. On March 4, 
1901, he was appointed Chief Constructor of the 
Navy. He retired on October 26, 1906, to accept 
the presidency of the Fore Riv^er Engine and Ship- 
building Co. His reputation, acquired during 28 
years of service in the navy, was brilliant. The 



J^ THE HISTORY OF 

President wrote to hiir.: '''Your services to the 
navy -and to the nation have been notable, and I 
desire to express my sincere appreciation ofthem.'* 
The New York Tribune said:" He was a thorough 
student of marine architecture, alert to the designs 
of foreign nations, and yet of original ideas. Ad- 
miral Bowles is a conscientious, high-minded and 
sagacious man and the nation suffers by his re- 
tirement." The press of the entire nation com- 
mented in a similar vein of appreciation. 
Admiral Bowles married Adelaide Hay Savage. 
Their children are: 

Thomas Savage, b. Nov., 1888'; 

Catherine Hay, b. Jan. 23, 1890. 

The third child of Joshua and Mary Hart was: 

RALPH HART BOWLES, who enlisted as a private 
for the 8 month's service July 18, 1775, under 
Captain Lemuel Trescott in Colonel Brewer's 
regiment. Re-enlisted Jan. i, 1776, for 12 month's 
service with same Captain in Col. Asa Whit- 
ojmb's regiment. Appointed Ensign Jan. 1,1777. 
In the regular commission line for 3 years' service 
(or for the rest of the war), ist Ensign in Captain 
Tuckerman's company of Col.Patterson'sJregiment 
(later Colonel Vose's regiment.^ Appointed 2d 
Lieut. Nov. 1777; commissioned Lieutenant Feb. 
28, 1779. Served through the entire war. The 
Catalogue of the Society of the Cincinnati says; 
"Ralph Hart Bowles was present at Saratoga, 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 197 

Monmouth and Yorktovvn and commanded the first 
company that entered New York on its evacuation 
by the British in November, 1783. He was a 
brave and efficient officer, and on leaving the army 
in 1784 received the brevet of Captain. He was 
an original member of the Society of the Cincin- 
nati. He settled in Machias, lyie., in 1788, and 
was its postmaster and town clerk at the time of 
his death. He was a true patriot and honest man." 
He had been a Justice of the Peace several times 
and in 1788 he married Hannah, daughter of Rev. 
Jcsiah Crocker, pastor of the First Church in 
Taunton, Mass., a woman of great energy of char- 
acter and much esteemed for her many virtues. 
She died aged 82 years, July 10, 1848, in Ruxbury, 
Mass. Her mother was the sister of General 
David Cobb, and also of Sarah, wife of Robert 
Trei,t Paine, a signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. The children of Ralph Hart and Han- 
nah Crocker were: 

Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus, b. March 6, 
1789: d. a bachelor, in 1849. ^^ ^^s a 
prominent freemason. 
Hannah Crocker; died in infancy. 
Stephen Jones Bowles, b. July 7, 1793; died 

A. arch 26, 1846. Lived in Springfield. 
Leonard Crocker. 

Wm.. Ralph Hart, mar. Philena Juteau. He 
lived in Machias, Me., and some of his 
descendants still live there. 
Mary Jones Bowles, b. May 6, 1802; m. F. A. 
Burrall of New York City; d. 1845. ^^^' 
Burrall left two bons: Frederick A., who 



198 THE HISTORY OF 

mar. Mary Lee, and Stephen J., whose 
descendants live in England. Mrs. Ste- 
phen J., through research in England, 
established Bowles descent from Henry 
II., whose daughter married Simon de 
Mountfort, from whom there is a distinct 
line of descent to Sarah Mountfort, whose 
granddaughter Sarah married John Bowles 
2d. Mrs. Burrall also indicates the cous- 
sinship of The Apostle to Sir John Eliot, 
and his kinship to the Earls of St. Ger- 
mains. 

STEPHEN JONES BOWLES, second son of Ralph 
Hart and Hannah Crocker, married Elizabeth Wal- 
lace, who bore him five children, viz.: 

Elizabeth, married J. Wingate Thornton, an 
eminent genealogist, who published his stud- 
ies of the Bowles lineage in New England, 
and whose daughter, Elizabeth T. Thornton, 
lives in Lexington, Mass., and is possessed 
of a wide knowledge of genealogy. 
Mary, H., mar. Charles Pike and left children. 
Hannah, mar. P. Wolfe, and left children. 
Stephen Wallace. 
Lucy, mar. T. Lyman. 

STEPHENWALLACE BOWLES was born atMachias, 
Me., Dec. 21, 1835, and graduated from Williams 
College in 1856. He narried Oct. 11, 1859, Eliz- 
abeth Belden at W. Springfield, Mass. He died 
February 12, 1895, at Springfield, Mass. The 
children of Stephen Wallace and Elizabeth were: 
Elizabeth Belden, b. June 20, 1864. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY iq^ 

V 

Stephen Wallace, b. April 4, 1866: mar. (i) 
Mabel Otis Shertleff, Oct. 25, 1888, at 
Springfield, Mass.; she died Oct. 6, 1890. 
He married (2) Lucy Morris, at New York, 
Feb. 1903. He had by Mabel Otis Shert- 
leff, a son, Stephen Shertleff, b. Sept. 20, 
1890. 

John Eliot, b. April 9, 1868, at Boston. 

Harr> Thornton, b. March 7, 1877, at Spring- 
field, Mass. Yale 1899; Columbia 1903. 

The third son of Ralph Hart Bowles was 

LEONARD CROCKER BOWLES, born at Machias, 
Me., Sept, 12, 1796. He came to Boston on a 
packet ship in 181 3 and was apprenticed to a pub- 
lishing house. He married Catherine Cushing 
Lincoln, of Hingham, Mass., and who was the 
granddaughter of Major-General Benjamin Lin- 
coln, the famous Revolutionary General. Leonard 
Crocker for many years edited *'The Unitarian 
Magazine." He died in 187$, leaving children: 

Mary, mar. Wm. Crosby, of Roxbury, Mass. 

Catherine Leonard, died unmarried. 

Martin Lincoln. 

MARTIN LINCOLN BOWLES was born in Boston 
Nov. I, 1832, and in 1857 married Frances M. 
Darracott, the daughter of Mr. George Darracott, 
a prominent Boston man of his day. Martin Lin- 
coln was engaged iii the East Indian and later the 
bagging and jute trade all his life. In 1887 he re- 
n.oved to New York City, where he died Feb. 15, 



200 THE HISTORY OF 

1904. He was a man highly respected by those 
who knew him. His children were: 

Ralph Darracott, b. April 2, 1859; d. unmar. 

Nov. 10, 1902. 
Katharine Lincoln, b. Aug. i, i86i; mar. in 
1893 Durand Woodman of New York City, 
and now residing there. 
Robert Lincoln, b. June 14, 1865; unmarried; 
resides at Hotel Longacre, New York City. 
Robert Lincoln possesses a pedigree show- 
ing the line of descent from Ldward III. and 
Edward L to Hannah Crocker, wife of Major 
Ralph Hart Bowles. 

The third son of Joshua and Mary Hart 
was 
JOHN, who was a soldier in the Revolution, and who 
was honorably discharged as a sergeant in May, 
1780. He moved to Hartford and engaged in the 
baking business. His wife beidama, a worthy, 
piors vv'oman, died Jan. 19, 1846, aged 87 years, 
at the home of her son Joseph in Newark, N. J. 
John Bowies died Sept. 24, 1808, and left several 
children, two of whom were: 

Deidama, who married Philemon Canfield of 

Hartford. 
Joseph A. Bowles, of Newark, N. J. in 1846. 

The youngest son of Joshua and Mary 
Hart was: 
WILLIAM, who was a sailmaKer by trade. In the first 
expedition from Boston for the Northwest Coast 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 201 

and China trade he was gone eight years and re- 
turned as m.ite of the ship. He afterwards made 
several successful voyages as master, and acquired 
a handsome property. He was a master mariner 
with Captain Gray when tne Columbia river was 
discovered May 7, 1792. In 1802 he sailed as 
Captain of the new ship "Williarri and Mary." 
In 1803 \^hile on the North-west coast in a harbor 
in company with the ship "Boston/' Captain 
Salter and the crew of the "Boston" were massa- 
cred b) the natives and the ship set on fire, for 
some affront Captain Salter had given the natives. 
Captain Bowles had left the harbor and was going 
out to sea, but seeing the ship "Boston" on fire 
put back to render assistance. While standing on 
his quarter-deck, having sailed his ship close to 
the "Boston', in an iiitrepid endeav^T to succor 
her. Captain Bow les received a poisoned arrow in 
the back of his neck. He died soon after and had 
an ocean grave. He left a widow and two child- 
ren, William and Mary. William, a worthy, high- 
minded man, died uf cholera in Cincinnati in 1835. 
His sister Mary married Dr. Flagg --f Cincinnati. 

A New England branch of the Ruxbury family 
is that of 
HENRY W. BOWLES, born at Hartford, Feb. 9, 181 s; 
married at Northampton, Mass., in 1837, Mary A. 
Lavake, who was born at Northampton, Mass., 
Aug. 18, 1818, and died in Hartford, Conn., June 
24, 1897. Henry W. died at Windsor, Conn., 
May 10, 1852. His brother was Rev. Ralph H. 
Bowles, whose widow Fannie A. lives at Hunting- 



202 THE HISTORY OF 

ton, Conn., and a sister was Rebecca, who mar- 
ried John Sloane. The children of Henry W. 
and Mary were: 

Mary L., b. Jan. 15, 1838, at Hartford; mar. 

Mr, Chapin. Lives in West Haven, Conn. 

Roslin W., b.Oct. 8, i84i,at Hartford, Conn.; 

died at Norfolk, Va., Sept. 25, 1880. 
C. A. Bowles, b. June 26, 1843. He is a 

butcher in Hartford, Conn. 
George F., b. Jan. 3, 1846, at Hartford. Ke 

is an optician in New Orleans, La. 
Henry W., b. July 14, 1850. He was a sailor 
and was lost at sea Aug. 28, 1869. 

ROSLIN W. BOWLES married Feb. 28, 1867, Ella R. 
Baker, daughter of Wm. S. and Hannah P. Baker 
of Boston, Mass. He served 3 years and 3 mos. 
in the Union Army during the Civil War, and re 
ceived captain's commissioi. for bravery on the 
field from Gov. Andrews. His children were: 
Julie R., b. in Cambridge, Mass., Dec. 8, 

1867; d. Dec. 13, 1869. 
Ruth, b. in Somerville, Mass., July 24, 1S69; 

d. July 24, 1869. 
Adah N., b. in Norfolk, Va., April 23, 1877. 
Adah N. lives in Boston Mass. 

NATHAN BOWLES came from Richmond, N. H. in 
1806 and settled in Livermore, Me., where he en- 
gaged in farming. He had married Elizzie Bishcp 
of Richmond, N. H. Nathan died Jan. 18, 1819, 
and his wife June 8, 1864. The children of this 



THfc BOWLES FAMILY 203 



union were: 

Luke C, b. Nov. 26, 1804, Jri Richmond, N. 
H.; mar. Rebecca P. Ellis, b. at Hartrord, 
Me., May 28, 1807, ^rid died in Liver- 
rr.ore, Me., June 13, 1879. Luke C. 
was a farmer and died in Livermore Sept. 
24, 1882. 
Harvey, blacksmith, died in Wisconsin. 
Clarendon Bowles, wheelwright, who died in 

Mass. 
Nathan, who died in New Hampshire. 
Sarah Bowles Dobbs, who lives in Harlem, 
Mont. 
LUKE C. BOWLES' children were: 

Elizzie Bowles Curtis, b. July 12, 1831, at Liv- 

ern.ore. Me. Lives in Mass. 
Fred C, b. July 23, 1832, at Livermore, Me.; 
d. Mar. 24, 1901. His wife was Lydia A. 
Prince. 
Esther, b. Dec. 8, 1833, ^^ Livermore; d, Nov. 

10, 1858. 
Sarah Bowles Hunt, b. July 15, 1837, at Liver- 
more, Me.; d. Feb. 18, 1904, at Neponset, 
Mass. 
James P., b. Feb. 12, 1845, ^t Hartford, Me.; 
He is a farmer and lives in Livermore, Me. 
JAMES P. BOWLES, married Sarah Allen. His chil- 
dren are: 

Esther A., b. May 20, 1874; mar. Bernal C. 
Phillips, who was born Feb. 18, 1872, at 
Canton, Me. Their children are: 

Eldred E. Phillips, b. June 2, 1896. 
Burton J. Phillips, b. Feb. 7, 1898. 



204 THE HISTORY OF 

V 

John E., b. Feb. 3, 1879; farmer at N. Liver- 
more, Me. 

Lillian Maud, b. Oct. 23, 1884; mar. Chessman 
Turner a farmer at Livermore, Me. Their 
son is Otto Chessman, b. Aug. 26, 1933. 

WILLIAM PALMER BOWLES mar. Charlotte Price 
Haskell. They lived in Poland, Me. Their sons: 
A. Lincoln, b. Jan. 15, 1861, at Poland, Me.; 

mar. Sept. 27, 1898, Sadie M. Brown; d. Aug. 

30, 1903. A Lincoln was a compositor. 
Frank H. Bowles of Boston. 

STEPHEN BOWLES. His son Charles Henry, born 
in Holderness, Mass., March 3, 1831. A child, 
Georgia Hare, born in Lakeport, iN H., May 22, 
i860, and her son is Charles Hare, born Sept. 11, 
1903 at Boston. 

HARVEY EDWARD BOWLES. His brother. Dr. R. 
C^. Bowles, went South; three sisters: Permelia, 
who married Mr. Curtis, Ma'-y a Mr. Coles, and 
Sarah a Mr. Chamberlain. Also other brothers. 
DR. R. C. BOWLES had seven children: Per- 
melia, b, 1850, mar. D. G. Baynes of Danville, 
Va.; J. R. Bov. les, b. 1856, farming in Va.; Bent- 
ley Bowles, b. 1859, in tobacco business in Dar- 
ling, N.C.; Ella iViay, mar. F. T. Chism of Dan- 
ville, Va. For Genealogy of Dr. Harvey Edward 
Bowles see ''Biographical, Genealogical and De- 
scriptive History of So. New Jersey, vol. IL, p. 
256." The children of Harvey Edward .vere: 
Edward Lyvere, b. at Cabotville, nuw Chico- 
pee, Mass., April 29, 1846. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY aos 

Frederick Theodore. 

Frank Isaiah. 

Carrie Grace, who married a Mr. Whitmore. 
She died in Hammonton, N. J., leaving 
a daughter, Lutie West Whitmore. 

EDWARD LYVERE BOWLES was educated in the 
public schools and came to Philadelphia, where he 
entered the employment of Peter Niskey, corner 
Ridge and Girard aves. He enlisted in the Fifth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company M., Sept. 1864, 
and discharged at Richmond, Va., May 1865. In 
Hammonton, N.J., until 1867; then went to Conn. 
In New Britain until 1869; was salesman for J.B. 
Savage for some years; traveled for the Atwater 
M'f'g Co.; in 1872 lived in Camden, Vinelaiid, 
Newfield, Buffalo, Phila. and Hartford. Now 
lives in Jersey City and engaged in business in 
N. Y. City. He married Oct. i, 1868, at Jersey 
City, Sarah Anna Twiss, of Southington, Conn. 
Their children are: 

Fred Lyvere, b. Oct. i, 1869, ^t New Britain, 
Conn. He is an artistic wood engraver. 
He m.arried in 1892 Minnie Scott of Phila. 

Minnie Adella, b. Aug. 3, 1871, at Southing- 
ton, Conn.; d. Dec. 10, 1884, in Phila. 

FREDERICK THEODORE BOWLES lives in Elmira, 
N. Y. He has three children: 

Shirley, a dentist lives in Washington, D.C. 
Adella, a widow, lives in Buffahj, N. Y 
Claude, a dentist, lives in Elmira, N. Y. 
FRANK ISAIAH BOWLES lives in Detroit, Mich. 
He has two sons: 



206 THE HISTORY OF 

Arthur, a physician^ 

Harvey Ward, a civil engineer. 

DR. F. J. BOWLES, 121 W. 93d St., N.Y. City, came 
from Neva Scotia in 1883, ^rid has practiced medi- 
cine since 1884 in N. Y. City. A brother, L. V. 
Bowles, lives in Waterville, King's County, N.S. 

N. A. BOWLES, of Brockton, Mass., came from Kent- 
ville^ Nova Scotia, about 1884. ^is father, John 
H. Bowles, lives in King's Co., Nova Scotia. 

JOSEPH B. BOWLES, the publisher, is descended 
from grandparents who came from Belfast, Ire., 
dying soon after arrival in Ontario, Can. Rela- 
tives of Joseph B. Bowles live in Ontario and in 
various Eastern States. Joseph B. lives in Chica- 
go, and his newspaper publications extend over 
the United States and Canada. 

P. E. BOWLES, President of the American National 
Bank of San Francisco, Cal. His father, born in 
Quebec, died aged 47, in i860; his mother, born 
in Sheffield, Eng., died aged 52, both in California. 
The brother and sister of P. E. Bowles are dead, 
and he has no living relatives. 

JOHN BOWLES, born at Fairford, Gloucestershire, 
Eng., Nov. 6, 1849, ^"^^s the son of Thomas and 
Mary Ann Miller of Fairford. John Bowles is a 
contractor and builder in Albion, Orleans County, 
N. Y. He n arried Sept. 24, 1870, Elizabeth 



THE BOWLES FAMILY »7 

Soper Webber, of Torquay, Devonshire, Eng. 
Their children were: 

Frederick John, b. Mar. 26, 1872; d. Sept. 5, 

1872. 
Frederick Charles, b. June 18, 1877; d. Feb. 

13, 1881. 
Nellie May, b. Mar. 8, 1875. Teacher in 

Rochester, N. Y. 
Ethel Daisy, b. Dec. 9, 1879. Teacher at 

Frankfort, N. Y. 

CHARLES BOWLES, born at Cawley, Oxfordshire, 
England in 1800* He afterwards moved to Minster 
LoveM. His children were: 

William, who went to Africa. 

Joseph, b. Feb. 13, 1843; came to America in 
1868; d. in Toronto, Can., Oct. 16, 1891. 

George, living in England. 

Charles. 
JOSEPH had ten children; three are dead and the re- 
maining seven are: 

Joseph, b. Mar. 13, 1866; 

James, b. June 4, 1868; 

George, b. May 15, 1875; 

Elizabeth, b. Oct. 19, 1877; 

Charles, b. Mar. 27, 1880; 

William, b. Sept. 28, 1882; 
James is married and has six children. Elizabeth 
is married and has two children. All of Joseph 
Bowles' children live in Cleveland, Ohio. 

JOHN C. BOWLES, of Omaha, Neb., born Dec. 20, 
1848, in Wexford County, Ire.; mar. Annie Doug- 



208 THE HISTORY OF 

lass of Wicklow County, Ire. The father of John 
C. .vas Thomas Bowles, born in Wexford County 
about 1824, who died in Cleator, Cumberland, 
England, about 1874. The wife of Thomas was 
born in Wexrord about 1827, and came to England 
with Thomas in 1851, where she died in 1867, at 
Cleator, Cumberland. Some of the relatives of 
Thomas came to America in the latter part of the 
1 8th century. The children of Thomas were; 
Maggie, who is living in England; Lizzie, Nellie, 
Bridget, living at Cleator, Cumberland, Eng.; 
Mary, (dead); John C* John C. is a blacksmith 
in Omaha, Neb. His children are Mary Ann, 
Thomas, Julia, Maggie, Michael, John, Nellie, 
William, and Kate. 

HENRY BOWLES, born 1859 In Glandree, Tulla 
Parish, Clare County, Ire. The father of Henry 
was John Bowles, whose brother James was par- 
ish priest of Tulla for many years. The sisters 
of John were Bridget end Ellen. John's children 
were Henry, of Pittsburgh, Pa.; John (dead); 
James and Patrick, of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia; 
Ambrose, who came to America; Mary, in Aus- 
tralia; Margaret, in the homestead in Glandree, 
Clare County, Ireland. 

WILLIAM BOWLES, born in Potosi, Wisconsin, Mar. 
22, 1858; died Nov. 23, 1902, at La Crosse, Wis. 
His widow, Mrs. Wm. Bowles, now resides there 
with the following children, all born in La Crosse: 
Kathryne, b. Dec. 25, 1883; Ella, b. Nov. 28, 
1885; Ida, b. Mardh23, 1888; Grace, b. Marehi8, 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 209 

1900; Henry and Mary, b. Sept. 19, 1902. 
Connections of this family are Robert Bowles of 
California; John Bowles of Michigan; Fannie 
Bowles Ohara of Davenport, Iowa. 

WILLIAM S. BOWLES, born March 5, 1832, in French 
Creek, Chatauqua County, N. Y.; married Eliza- 
beth. He is a painter residing in Rockford, Ills. 
His son, Willard A., is married and lives in Rock- 
ford, Ills. A married brother of William lives in 
Rockford; another married brother, born 1852, in 
Galena, Ills., lives in Chicago. There are 22 
nephews and nieces of Wm. S. living in Rockford 
and Chicago. 

LINEAGE 
PREPARED BY ANN BOWLES CALLOWAY. 

A widow living about 1730 in Branbrook, Kent, 

England, had four sons: Thomas, Richard, Robert and 

Josiah. 

THOMAS married Sarah Bonman. They had three 
sons: Thomas, b. 1760, Richard and Robert, and 
two daughters, Sarah (a twin with Thomas), and 
Mary. The eldest son 

THOMAS, married Ann Shirley in 1784 and died in 
1800. Their eight children were Thomas, William, 
John, Richard, Robert and Mary, Ann (a twin 
with John), Sarah (a twin with Mary). Ann and 
Sarah died infants. 

Thomas, b. 1794, mar. Ann Harland, of Rip- 



210 THE HISTORY OF 

ley, Surrey, Eng.; d. in 1856 leaving one 
daughter who married Harry Walls, of Lon- 
don, and died without children. 
Sarah (twin with Thomas) mar. Robert Col- 
gate and came to New York. They had three 
sons: Robert, Jarr.es and Bowles, who were 
the founders of the soap and perfumery firm 
of Colgate & Co. 
WILLIAM, second son cf Thomas and Ann Shir- 
ley, was born May 22, 1786; mar. Mary Jasper, 
of Brighton, Sussex, Eng.; came to America in 
1822; died in Kentucky (Falmouth?) in April, 
1872. His two sons were Frederick and Alfred. 
His daughter married Samuel Johnstone. 
JOHN, third son of Thomas and Ann Shirley, was 
born March 23, 1788; married Mrs. Crispe, 
widow of Wm. Crispe. He can.e to America in 
the Spring of 1822, and settled near Harrison, 
O., where he died April 7, 1839, without issue. 
RICHARD, fourth son of Thomas and Ann Shir- 
ley, was born Dec. 13, 1789; married Mrs. Ned- 
hurst, of Shoreham, Eng.; died at Maidstone, 
Kent, Eng., Sept. 25, 1857. They had two 
sons: Fred, who died in New Zealand, and Rob- 
ert, who died in England, and .1 daughter Ann 
who married Samuel Jxve, of Shoreham Castle. 
All died without issue. 
ROBERT, fifth son of Thomas and Ann Shirley, was 
born June i, 1792; married Merc/ Boots, daughter 
of Thomas B.' ots, of Sussex, Eng., on Nov. 30, 
1816. Robert emigrated to America in the spring 
of 1822, settling on a farm near Harrison, Ohio. 
His \\ ife Mercy died in the spring of 1837, having 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 211 

borne two sons: the elder, John Shirley, dying in 
infancy, and Robert, the second son, of whom 
presently. Robert married (2) Mrs. Ann Clough 
in Christ Church, London, and returned to Amer- 
ica. He died Oct. 12, 1862; his wife Ann died 
April 16, 1881. By Ann Robert had four children: 
John Shirley, Samuel Pegg, Ada and Anna. 
MARY, sixth child of Thomas and Ann Shirley, 
was born May 12, 1795. She married and had 
two sons. 

The second child of Robert and Mercy was 
ROBERT, born in England Oct. 30, 1818. He came 
to America in the spring of 1822, and settled at 
Clarke Hill, Ind., about 1840. He married first 
Genay Butler, and secondly Mrs Loe. He died 
Feb. 5, 1888. His first wife bore him Electra, 
Delia, Tiffinay, Richard, John and Edwin. By the 
second marriage lea and Mary Sewell. 
ELECTRA married Dr. Motter; has three children. 
Living in Lafayette, Ind. 

DELIA married Mr. McUole; has six children. 
Living in Clarke's Hill, Ind. 
TIFFINAY has two living children. 
RICHARD has eight sons, and daughters. Liv- 
ing in Frankfort, Ind. 

JOHN has a family and is living in Kansas. 
EDWIN resides at Clarke's Hill, Ind. 
ICA, child of second marriage, died unmarried. 
MARY S. married Mr. Guy Drew, and lives at 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

The third son of Robert was 
JOHN SHIRLEY, born March 24, 1839, at Harrison, 



212 THE HISTORY OF 

Ohio. He married Lizzie I. Bunnell, and resides 
at Santa Cruz, Bolivia, S. A. They have three 
children: 

Sam Clark, born Nov. 3, 1867, who is married, 

with children and lives in Portland, Ore. 
Sinica Bunnell, born Jan. 20, 1870; he is 

married with children at Preston, Ohio. 
Martha, born May 10, 1872; married Richard 
Sortman; she has a family, one son Francis. 
Lives in Hamilton, Ohio. 

The fourth child of Robert and Mercy was 
SAMUEL PEGG, born Dec. 29, 1840; married Fannie 
E. Bonham April 27, 1865, and lives in Toledo, O. 
He has one daughter, Fannie Bonham, born April 
27, 1866, who married Everett Meyhells, and lives 
in Grand Rapids, Mich. 
The fifth child of Robert and Mercy was 
ADA, born March 29, 1842; died Dec. 27, 1847. 

The sixth child of Robert and Mercy was 
ANNA, born Feb. 8, 1845, ^t Harrison, Ohio; married 

Thomas Bond Calloway on Jan. 31, 1855. Resides 

in Hom.e City, Ohio. Her four children were: 

Samuel Bond, Robert Bowles, Arthur William and 

Walter Bowles Calloway. 

SAMUEL BOND CALLOWAY, born March 2^, 
1868; married Sadie Duncan. Their two child- 
ren: Ada, b. Oct. 18, 1893, and Gertrude, b. 
April I, 1897. Reside in Seattle, Wash. 

ROBERT BOWLES CALLOWAY, born Sept. 7, 
1869; died July 17, 1872. 

ARTHUR WILLIAM CALLOWAY, born April 2, 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 3l| 

1872, at Harrison, Ohio; married to Daisy Bell 
Sinks Nov. 19, 1896, who died Feb. 5, 1898. 
He married, secondly, Charlotte Lytle, May 7, 
1904. He is a physician in Asheville, N. C. 
WALTER BOWLES was born in Harrison, O., 
Dec. 28, 1873; married Wilma Shine in Home 
City, O., Oct. 5, 1903. Lives in Cincinnati. 

The second son 
of Thomas and Sarah was 
RICHARD, who married Miss Dendy and had two 
sons, Richard and John Dendy, and a daughter 
Elizabeth. 

RICHARD mar.MiSbDair; isburied in the Baptist 
graveyard near New Haven, O. ile left four 
children: Richard, Emily, Ellen and Eliza. 
RICHARD has a son Horace and a daughter 
Lizzie who married Mr. Cheatham. All 
live in Harrison, Ohio. 

The second son of Richard and Miss Dendy was 
DR. JOHN DENDY BOWLES; came to Harrison, O., 
about 1838. He married Pricilla Crispe, step- 
daughter of John Bowles. They are both dead, 
leaving the following children: 

HARRY, who married Jennie Simonson. 
They have one son, Charles, who married 
Miss Burk. Live in Harrison, Ohio. 
JOHN, who is dead. 
ELIZABETH, lives in Harrison, Ohio. 
FRANK, married Miss Garside, who died, 
leaving one son, Walter. Frank married 
secondly a Kentucky lady. Frank is a 



214 THE HISTORY OF 

banker and lives in Harrison, Ohio. 
DR. THOMAS, married Miss Sleet. Their 
daughters are Mrs. McCafferty and Florence. 
Live in Harrison, Ohio. 

The fourth child of Thomas and Sarah was 
ROBERT, who married but left no issue. 

The fifth child of Thomas and Sarah was 
MARY, who married William Bonman and had a large 
family. 

NOTE. The line of descent is often con- 
fused by misspelled names, typographi- 
cal errors, etc. A more serious error is 
that on page 212, where the mis-print 
states that Samuel Pegg, Ada, and Anna 
were children of Mercy, first wife of Rob- 
ert. The corrected statement is: By 
Mercy Robert had two children: John 
Shirley (died an infant), and Robert. 
By Ann Robert had four children: John 
Shirley, Samuel Pegg, Ada and Anna. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 



216 THE HISTORY OF 



1fi( 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 117 



2i8 THE HISTORY OF 



^be JSowleses. 



The warrior Bowles of Normandy clasped on the 

casque of steel, 
And sailed with fierce Duke William 'till Senlac 

touched the keel. 
He helped to break the heroes who had formed the 

Saxon ring 
Around the knightly Harold, whose fall made William 

king. 

With lance in rest at Agincourt an English charge they 

led. 
And mixed their blood with honor in the line of English 

dead. 
They sailed across the throbbing wave to rush upon 

Cadiz 
Beside the knightly Raleigh, where deathless glory is. 

At Dunkirk with the Ironsides they broke the Spanish 

spears 
And crushed the despot Alva's sword, all wet with 

blood and tears. 
They starved at Londonderry and charged at Marslon 

Moor, 
And stern and grim they stood in ranks at Whitehall 

Palace door. 

In proud Cathedral pulpits or upon the simple sod. 
They braved the might of tyrants to lead )thers unto 
God. 



THE BOWLtS FAMILY 219 

And turned toward the wilderness across Atlantic's 

foam 
And in the forest solitude they cleared a freeman's 

hnme. 

And when the Revolution's star gleamed forth in crim- 
son light, 

They joined the stream of flags and guns that hurried 
to the fight. 

And one, a wild adventurer, with strong and daring 
deeds 

Didst guide the stormy destiny of two strong and sav- 
age breeds. 

And when the trembling trumpet thrilled that roused 
our native land, 

They heard the call of country and in hostile ranks 
they stand. 

They marched with Stonewall Jackson, or with Sher- 
man to the sea. 

Some fought and died with the conquering Grant, some 
with the stainless Lee. 

For thirty generations they have worked and won and 

died, 
The obstacles of nature and the tyrant's might defied. 
Their free, defiant motto from the conquering struggle's 

smother, 
They flung in time of triumph: "As to you, so to 

another." 

They're numbered with the men of peace, the warlike 
of the A^-ave, 



220 THE HISTORY OF 

They gird and guide the fleets that tight the battles of 

the brave. 
And nations watch their brilliant pens flame through 

the printer's press 
To teach the thinking millions how to win the day of 

stress. 
And far in future centuries the stony, stern way runs, 
The way of faith and glory, the way for Bowles' sons. 

Thomas M. Parquhar. 










1» 



a 

o 






THE BOWLfaS FAMILY 221 



Zbc Vivginm Branches 

Continued from Page 140. 



The eldest child of Lyddall and Elizabeth 
Smith was 
SARAH ADELINE, who married on March 10, 1825, 
Dr. James Russell Hawkins of Spottsylvania co., 
Va. Dr. Hawkins settled in Boone county, Ky., 
in 1840, having moved from Henrico county, Va. 
In March, 1846, at a Whig convention, he was, 
without his knowledge, nominated to represent 
the Senatorial district composed of Boone, Gallatin 
and Carroll counties. This district had previous 
to that time been always represented by a Demo? 
crat, and Dr. Hawkins' opponent was believed 
to be the most influential Democrat in the district, 
yet, after an animated contest, Dr. Hawkins was 
triumphantly elected. At the conclusion of his 
term he was elected Secretary of the Legislsture, 
which position he held for a quarter of a century. 
Since that time viS^Oi there has been scarcely a 
statesman of prominence in Kentucky with whom 
he was not intimately acquainted, bound to many 



222 THE HISTORY OF 

by irrefragable ties of friendship. He was a man 
of wide culture, genial and brilliant, and retained 
in a wonderful degree his intellectual and physical 
faculties until a few days preceding his death. 
The eleven children of Sarah Adeline Bowles and 
Dr. James Russell Hawkins were: 

A son, born Feb. 25, 1826, who lived 2 weeks. 
Joseph Lyddall, b. Jan. 19, 1827; d. unmarried 

April 15, 1897. 
Bettie Ann, b. Nov. 22, 1828; mar. F. M. Ste- 
pheiiS of Boone City, April 6, 1847, and 
had the follow ing eleven children: James 
Rnssell, Richr.rd H. and Ben C. (twins), 
Sarah L., Mary E., Harry C, Francis M., 
William Bo*vles, Ernest L., Joseph L. and 
Wallace. Bettie Ann died May 12, 1904. 
Mary Eliza, b. Feb. 13, 1831; married Harry vV. 
Cunningham July 27, 1852. They had no 
children. Mr. Cunningham d. June 30, 1905. 
Sarah Adeline, b. Aug. 22, 1833; d. in infancy. 
James Russell, b. Aug. 6, 1835; married Mary 
F. Davis of Louisville, Ky., April 5, 1866. 
Their six children were iV^ary Eliza, Addie 
L., Mildred J., Cordelia M., Gad Davis 
and Joseph Sangfurd. Cordelia and Mildred 
died in infancy. James Russell died Sep. 
28, 1900. 
Julia L., b. Oct 24, 1837; married James Cal- 
vert of Boone Co., Ky., May 21, 1861; her 
children were: Susan Virginia; James Haw- 
kins, d. July I, 1900; Elizabeth Agnes, d. 
April 9, 1900. James Calvert died Dec. 13, 
1890. 



THE BOWL-ES FAMILY 223 

Susan Virginia, b. Sep. 18, 1840; d. Sep. 8, 1850. 
Mildred J., b. July 28, 1843. 
William Bowies, b. Feb. 4, 1846; married Lizzie 
Hawkins of Lincoln co., Ky., Sep. 9, 1873; 
his six children were: Hamilton Pope, Sadie 
A., Rosa Virginia; a boy whodied ininfancy; 
Lizzie Bowles and William Russell. Ham- 
ilton Pope and Virginia are dead. 
Hamilton Pope, b. Feb. 18, 1851; married June 
26, 1884, Lucy Robinson of Greenville, 
Miss., where Hamilton Pope was then in 
business. 
Dr. James Russell Hawkins was born Jan. 30, 
1805; died Feb. i, 1897. Of the 11 children of Sarah 
Adeline Bowies and J. R. Haw kins the first seven were 
born in Virginia, the last four in Boone county, Ky . 

Mamie E. Hawkins was born May 24, 1867, and 
married Jan. i, 1889, H. Elbert Garrett, who was born 
May 10, 1866, and died June 17, 1899. Mamie E. 
married (2), Feb. 17, 1898, J. S. R. Robertbon, w^ho 
was born Dec. 24, 1862. The son by the first mnr- 
riage, H. Elbert Garrett, was born Oct. 13, 1889. 

The third son of Lyddall and Elizabeth was 

WILLIAM BACON BOWLES, who married Susan W. 
Grubbs of Hanover count/, Va., daughter of An- 
derson Grubbs and Susan Winston. William 
Bacon moved to Kentucky in 1836, dying there 
two years later. His widow, Susan W. Bowies, 
married a Mr. King. A daughter of William Bacon 
and Susan was Susan Virginia Bowles^ who mar- 



224 THE HISTORY OF 

ried H. B. Tompkins. A daughter of H. B. Tomp- 
kins and Susan Virginia Bowles was Susan Her- 
bert Tompkins, born April 9, 1875, i^ Henrico 
county, near Richmond. 

The oldest daughter of Lyddall and Sally 
Waller Price was 
MARY WALLER BOWLES, who married June 17, 
1851, in Franklin co., Ky., Henry Ramey of Car- 
roll county, Ky. Henry Ramey was born April 
5, 1817; died Sept. 22, 1903. They moved to 
Louisville during the Civil war. Their children 
were: 

Sally Waller Ramey, b. April 25, 1852. 

Bowles Ramey, Sept. 22, 1853. 

James Ramey, b. Dec. 16, 1855; d. Aug. 25, 

1871. 
Mattie Ramey, b. Aug i, 1857; d. July i, i860. 
Eliza Ramey, b. Feb. 18, 1S60. 
Henry Smith Ramey, b. Oct. 3, 1863. 
Richard Ramey, b. Jan. 20, 1865; married Rosa 

Green in Louisville, Ky., June 24, 1890. 
William Ramey, b. Jan. 19, 1868; d. Sep. 11, 1868. 
Sally Ramey married, Nov. 16, 1876, in Louis- 
ville, Ky., John William Wallace, who was born Mar. 
18, 1851. Their children were: 

Nina Bowles, b. Mar. 31, 1878; d. April i, 1878. 
Sally Ray, b. July 26, 1889. 

The third child of Lyddall and Sally 
Waller Price was 
ELIZA PRICE BOWLES, who married Aug. 5, 1865, 
• John Q. A. Stephens, of Boone county, Ky. Her 



THE BOWLfcS FAMILY 2^S 

« 

children are: 

Mary Stephens, b. Oct. 30, 1867. 
Lida P. Stephens, b. Oct 17, 1870. 
Mary Stephens married P. G. Leming of Urbana, III., 
on Feb. 14. 1886, and died June 2, 1895, leaving 
four children: 

Lida Leming, b. Sept 29, 1887 
Willa Leming, b. June 9, 1889 
Bonnie Leming, Feb. 2, 1891 
John Leming, b. March 2, 1893 
Lida P. Stephens married Morgan Creamer of Clinton 
county, M'j., Nov. 4, 1891. Her children are: 
John A. Creamer, b. Dec. 12, 1892 
Mary S. Creamer, b. Nov. 24, 1894 
Lucy L. Creamer, b. April 20, 1899 
Lida Mildred Creamer, April 2, 1901 

A SON OF IHOMAS 2d 

AND BROTHER OF THOMAS PHILIP BOWLES 

Married Miss Woodson, by whom he had three children: 
Thomas, Patsie, and Millie Bowles. 
THOMAS BOWLES married Lucy England, by whom 
he had five children: 
Mary Strotton, m. Lyddall Bowles of Hanover 

county; died without issue. 
John, died in infancy. 
Nancy Batts. 
Martha Millner, m. Rev. Eli Ball, a Baptist 

preacher of Vermont; died without issue. 
Miildred Malvina, m. Lorenzo Ambrose, a large 
railroad contractor, of Maryland. They 
had one bon: John Thomas Ambrose, who 



226 THE HISTORY OF 

died in infancy. 

NANCY BATTS BOWLES married Robert Harvey, a 
railroad contractor, of Canada. Their children: 

Mary Ellen Harvey. 
William Graeme Harvey. 
Robert Harvey. 
Mary Ellen married Anthony W. Willson of Amelia 
rounty, Va,, and by him had two children: 

Harvey Willson, m. Fanny Elizabeth Sletor of 
Easton, Pa. Their one daughter was Mary 
Sletor Willson. 
Nannie Webster Willson, died in infancy. 

WILLIAM GRAEME HARVEY married Ellen Virginia 

Taylor of Richmond, Va. Their nine children were: 

William Graeme Harvey, Jr., m. Ruby B> 

deker of Richmond, Va,; diedAithoutissue, 
Lizzie Lee Harvey 
Albert Stanfield Harvey, m Janet Needham of 

Richmond, Va. Their six children were: 

Alice, Walter, Arthur vN illson, Janet, Ellen 

Virginia, and Robert. 
Walter Harvey, died in youth. 
Goldie Harvey, m. Benjamin Winston Grubbs 

of Richmond, Va. They had one child: 

Lewis Harvey Grubbs. 
Virginia Harvey, m. Alfred Benson of Richmond, 

Va. Their four children were: Virginia 

Graeme, Alfred, Jr., Geo. Harvey, Ailine. 
Dorsey Harvey, died in infancy. 
Mary Pegram Harvey. 
Robert Bruce Harvey. 



THE BOWLtS FAMILY 227 

The son of Nancy Batts Bowies and 
Robert Harvey, 
ROBERT HARVEY, JR., married Mrs. Elizabeth M. 
T/ree, who was Miss Elizabeth M. Slater of James 
City county, Va., by whom he had three children: 
Robert Hunter Harvey, m. Elizabeth Bennett 
of London, Eng., by whom he had two chil- 
dren: Robert Huiiter, Jr., Charles Tyree. 
Urban Harvey, m. Louise Mackay of Canada. 

Thev had no children. 
Daisy Harvey, m, George Waterman of Con- 
necticut. They had no children. 

ROBERT BOWLES, who served in the Dunmore 
War of 1774, had a brother who moved from Han- 
over county, Va., to Goochland county, Va. A 
son Matthew was a tobacco grower near Peters- 
burg about 1810. He had sons: John, George, 
William, Thomas and Mark. It is believed that 
William, Thomr.s and Mark were the three brothers 
of that name who went to North Carolina before 
the Civil War. Mark, who was a banker and to 
bacconist of Persori county, N. C, never married. 
William went from Person county to the western 
part of N. C. 

THOMAS BOWLES lived in Person county until after 
the war and moved to Granville county. He mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Suit, a cousin of Governor Hy- 
cock of North Carolina. One of his sons married 
Miss Mary Gates, of Orange county, daughter of 
Solomon Gates. Soon after his marriage he re- 
moved to Durham, N. C, and engnged in the to- 



228 THE HISTORY OF 

bacco business, housebuilding and contracting. In 
1876 he moved to Winston. In 1884 moved back 
to Roanoke, Va. His wife, Mary Gates Bowles, 
died in 1892. He returned to Greensboro, N. G., 
and married Mary Lindley, mother of J. V. Lind- 
ley, proprietor cf the Pomona Nursery. He died 
in 19CXD, having had by Mary Gates eight children: 
J, A. Bowles, Anna, Helen, Emma, Ella, Ada, 
Josephine, Eva. 

Anna married N. G. Workman, real estate dealer in 
Greensboro, N. G. 

Helen married T. F. Ma.ngam, General Manager of the 
Standard Oil Go., Greensboro, N. G. 

Emma married W. W. Workman, furniture dealer, of 
Norfolk, Va. 

Ella married G.W.Anderson, ins. agent of Norfolk, Va. 

Ada married J. A.Fyle, shoe manufacturer High Pond. 

Josephine married Henry Brewer, railroad conductor, 
of Roanoke, Va. 

Eva married James Gald'.\ell, depot agent of Southern 
Railroad at Durham, N. G. 

REV. J. A. BOW LES, the only son, attended the pri- 
vate schools cf Durham, \\ here he was born April 
26, 1858. He graduated in 1879 ^^^^ the Winston 
High School. He studied medicine under Dr. 
Roan, but entered Trinity Gollege and graduated 
A.B. in 1883, admitted to trial in the Western M. 
E. Gonference, Nov. 27, 1883. He was stationed 
in many places in N. G., and was very efficient 
and popular. In 1905 he was at Walnut Street M. 
E. Ghurch, Greensboro N. G., Secretary of 
Western N. G. Ghurch Extension Board, and Sec- 
retary of Greensboro Gonference. He married 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 229 

Mary Boren, at Guilford College, April 25, 1888. 
She was of the wealthy North Carolina family of 
that name, her father being the founder of thfe 
Pomona Terra Cotta Works, now owned by his 
sons. The children of Rev. J. A. Bowles and 
Mary Boren are: Arthur, Hargrave, Mary, Eva, 
David, Joseph, Wade, Annie May. 

Connected with the Virginia parent stock 

was 

JOHN BOWLES, whose wife was Clarissa, and who 
came from Virginia and settled in Iredell county, 
N. C , about 1820. It is a tradition that he was a 
brother of William, Thomas and Mark. A son 

JOHN, was born January 27, 1830, in Iredell co., N. 
C; married Eliza Caroline daughter of Wm. An- 
drew and Nellie Moore, of Caldwell county. Eliza 
Caroline was born Jan. 10, 1850; died May 7, 1892. 
John Bowles is a farmer in Caldwell county, N.C. 
John and Eliza Caroline had seven children: 

JAMES A., b. in Caldwell county, Jan. i, 1855. Dead. 

WILLIAM A., born in Caldwell co., June 15, 1856. A 
printer in Chester, S. C. He married Lily Jones; 
has nine living children, and one child dead. 

MARCUS L., b. in CakJwell co., March 7, 1858. A 
printer in St. Augustine, Fla. Marcus L. married 
Carrie Butler; has five children. 

JACOB A*, b. in Caldwell co., Feb. 13, i860. Jacob 
A. is a merchant of Hickory, N. C. He married 
Minnie E. White; has one child living and one dead. 

RUFUS P., b. in Caldwell co. May 29, 1^2. He is a 
lawyer in Durant, Indian T>erritory . He is mar- 
^ried^nd has one child by his wife H«tti€. 



230 THE HISTORY OF 

EMILY J., b. in Caldwell co., Oct. lo, 1864; died 
Nov. 5, 1901. 

JULIA A., b. in Calduell co., July 23, 1867; married 
R. W. Stevenson and has nine living children and 
one dead. Julia A. lives in Hickory, N. C. 

A son of Thomas Franklin Bowles who 
lived at Hanover Court House in 
the early 19th century was 
PETER BOWLES, b. at Hanover C. H., Va., his 
father and mother dying when Peter was about 
five years old. Peter is a painter and grainer liv- 
ing in Darlington, S.C. He married Dec. 22, 1859, 
at Society Hill, S. C, Joanna Pierce Ingraham. 
Their eight children were: 

Thomas Franklin, b. at Society Hill, Sept. 9, 

i860; d. Oct. 28, 1866. 
Wm. Murray, b. at Society Hill, March 21, 

1862; d. Oct. 4, 1866. 
Charles Pierce, b. at Society Hill, March 4, 

1865; d. May 28, 1867. 
Edward Bevill, b. in New York City, Dec. 

8, 1868. 
Peter Ingraham, b. in Jersey City, April 29, 

1871; d. Feb. 4, 1880. 
Robert Lowery, b. in Jersey City, Dec. 30, 

1874; d. Jan. I, 1880. 
Harry Williams, b. in Jersey City, Jan. i, 

1873. 
Joanna Elizabeth, b. March 23, 1881. 
EDWARD BEVILL BOWLES is a painter, living at 
lOi Armstrong ave., Jersey City. He married 
December 22, 1886, Mary Francis Meyerhoff of 



THE BOWLfcS FAMILY 231 

Jersey City. Their children were: 

Harry Williams, b. in Jersey City, June 13, 

1890; d. April 16, 1891. 
Joanna Elizabeth, b. in Jersey City, Dec. 

25, 1891. 

Marie Olive, b. in Darlington, S. C, April 3, 

1894; d. Oct. 23, 1894. 
Grace Louise, b. in Jersey City, Sept. 6, 1896, 
William Calvin, h. March 21, 1898. 
Clarence Edward and Charles (twins) b, Jan. 

26, 1900. Charles died. 
Mary, b. Nov. 16, 1902. 

HARRY WILLIAMS BOWLES is a painter, living in 
Darlington, S. C, He married in Darlington, Mar. 
15, 1892, Leila Vaughn. Their children were: 
Estelle Vaughn, b. in Darlington, Jan. 10, 1894 
Peter, b. in Jersey City, Nov. 10, 1896. 
Leila Ingraham, b. Sept. 11, 1900; d. July 
18, 1902. 
JOANNA ELIZABETH, married Haynes Lennon 
Baldwin April 12, 1899, at Charleston, S. C, and 
lives at 40 and 42 Market St., Charleston, S. C. 

JOHN BOWLES, a Revolutionary sol- 
dier, who lived in Hanover county, 
Va., in 1802, went to Middle Tenn- 
essee, with his three brothers, be- 
fore 1810. 
There is a tradition that the party of Virginians 
included the Wallace, Bassett, Shepherd, Conway and 
Wheeler families. There was a Mr. Cocke and a Mr. 
Whitlow in the party albo. They separated at a fork 
on the Tennessee river, one party, including the three 



232 THE HISTORY OF 

brothers of John, going to Alabama. The other party 
including John's family, remained in Tennessee until 
about 1820, when John went with his son-in-law, Mr. 
Williams, to Missouri. The youngest daughter had 
married Mr. Williams, and her son Thomas afterwards 
became very wealthy, and lived at Honey Grove, 
Fannin county, Texas, where he died about 1886. 
dohn Bowles, who went to Missouri, had four sons and 
at least four daughters. These sons and daughters 
had all been born in Virginia and John and William, 
the two oldest boys, had married there. Adeline, the 
oldest girl, married a Mr Cocke in Virginia. John, the 
oldest son, had married in Virginia, about 1799, his 
wife being named Fanny. John Bowles was in the 
fighting with the Indians in Tennessee during the 
Creek and British War. He was at Tallapoosa Bend, 
was wounded at the battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814, 
He went with the Tennessee Volunteers under Jackson 
to New Orleans, and was mortally wounded in the 
battle. John Bowles and his wife Fanny had five 
daughters and four sons. The sons were: William, 
John, Joseph and another who went to Alabama. It is 
thought also that one lived in Mississippi. 

The second son of John and Fanny 
was 
JOHN BOWLES, who came with his father and 
grandfather to Tennessee, was born in Virginia 
February 13, 1802. He was a child when brought 
to Middle Tennessee, where he remained until he 
was about 20 years old, when he went to Missis- 
sippi. He married there Miss Millie Caroline 
Pate, who was born Sept. 28, 1808. They lived 
in Itwambe county. Miss., until 1848. They had 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 233 

thirteen children, all born, and five of them married 
in Itwambe county. They moved to Bell county, 
Texas, in the winter of 1848. They moved to Uvalde 
county in 1854, and their courage and skill in Indian 
warfare made them renowned all along the frontier. 
Many prints cf the time mention the prowess of the 
Bowles family, and SowelTs "Texas Indian Fights'* 
gives an interesting account of some of their fights, 
from which the following remarkable incidents are 
taken: "The Bovv les family were bold and fearless 
men, and aided greatly in exterminating the hostile 
Indians. John Bowles first settled on the Lampasse 
river in Bell county, fuur miles from Beltcn. John 
Bowles helped to organize Beil county in 1851. He 
was born in Virginia; his father being killed at New 
Orleans, from two bullet wounds. John Bowles came 
to Uvalde county in 1855 and settled on the Sabine 
river in the Patterson settlement, six miles belov the 
present Sabinal station. This place was very exposed 
to Indian raids, and they v\ere numerous and hostile. 
John Buwles had brought many fine horses to the coun- 
ty, and in 1856 had established a r.inch on the west 
side uf the river. The horses were kept in a pen, but 
one night when the usual guard had been omitted, the 
Indians opened the corral and the family was awakened 
by hearing tlie horses escaping un a dead run. There 
was a light moon, and barefooted and in their night- 
clothes John Bowles and his sons finally succeeded in 
driving the horses back without a fight. His son Doke 
stood guard behind a screen while John Bowles himself 
stood under a hickberry tree on the east side of the 
river, armed with a long shot-gun and six-shooter. 
Doke had not been long on gui^rd when he heard the 



234 THE HISTORY OF 

report of his father's shotgun, and as he and his broth- 
ers ran up they heard their father remark, as he rose 
from scalping a prostrate Indian: "Hog my cats! I've 
got one of them." This was the only expletive Mr. 
Bowles ever used. He never swore nor allowed his 
boys to do so, especially within hearing of their mother. 
Mr. Bowies said there were three Indians, afid he first 
discovered them 50 feet away approaching in single 
file close behind each other. He fired one barrel of his 
shot-gun and one of the Indians fell and the other two 
disappeared. The next morning about 30 steps from 
the first Indian was found a second dead Indian with 
three buckshot through the bowels. The trail was 
followed sometime afterward and a third dead Indian 
found about five miles from the fight. All had been 
killed by the first shot from John Bowles' shot-gun! 
This exploit is perhaps withuut parallel in Indian war- 
fare, and minute accounts of the affair were printed at 
the time. The shot-gun is in the p^^ssession of one of 
Mr. Bowles' Texas descendants, and his son David 
Crockett Bowles, has, among other family historical 
papers, a newspaper clipping containing an account of 
the fight with a cut of the shot-gun. John Bowles 
joined the scouts and was in the battle (called massa- 
cre) on the Leona. In 1859 he settled on the Leona 
near where this battle occurred His son Doke at this 
time was married and had a ranch on the Blanco river, 
and while he and his wife were on an excurbion to the 
mountains they narrowly escaped death at the hands 
of the same band of Comanches which killed his father 
on the follow ing day, October 28, 1859. The tragedy 
of John Bow les' death made a great sensation on the 
frontier and resulted in a relentless pursuit of the Co- 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 235 

manches by hissonDoke. John Bowles, accompanied 
by Rev, Mr. H. G. Horton, had ridden in search of his 
saddle-horse, which had been stolen by Indians the 
previous night. After riding two miles the minister 
bade him good-bye, and Mr. Bowles, continuing the 
search shortly afterward saw his horse tied in a small 
clearing close to a large clump of bushes. Although 
aware that the tied horse was the centre of an Indian 
ambuscade, Mr. Bowles had outwitted them so many 
times that he attempted to approach dismounted from 
behind; but when close to the horse he received three 
arrows in the left breast, and as he fell they ran up 
and lanced him. His body was found three weeks later 
by his son Peter, scalped and reduced to a skeleton. 
A monument marks the spot where he fell. The pur- 
suit of the Indians was participated in by several of 
the Bowles connection with other settlers under the 
leadership of Doke Bowles, 'i'he pursuit and fighting, 
extending fur hundreds of miles, was of unexampled 
ferocity. Lieut. Hazen, afterwards chief of U. S. 
Army Signal Service, whose widow married Admiral 
Dewey, was dangerously .vounded in this fight. A 
good account of the death of John Bowles and the pur- 
suit to avenge it, is found in Sowell's "Texas Indian 
Fights." The thirteen children of John Bowles and 
his wife Millie Caroline Pate were: Nancy Adeline, 
Hiram R., James F., Priscilla, John B., Fannie, Jane, 
William B. (called Doke), Greenville (called Pete), 
Caroline, David Crockett, Emmaline, Elizabeth. 
NANCY ADELINE, b. 1825, m. Dr. Gustavus Kilgo. 
She had four childreii, with one of whom, Dr. John 
Kilgo, she is now living in Savoy, Ark. 
HIRAM R., b. Feb. 16, 1S27; went to the California 



236 THE HISTORY OF 

gold fields in 1852; returned to Bell county after 
seven years with a fortune, and married there Miss 
Elizabeth Townsend. 1 hey had four children. 
Hiram died in 1874; his wife in 1873. 

JAMES P., b. Aug. 14, 1828; married Miss Margaret 
Martin, by whom he had four boys and t\\o girls. 
He prospected in the California gold fields for four 
years from 1852, and in 1858, while prospecting 
for gold in Arizona, he was thrown from his mule, 
and he was shot through the knee by the discharge 
of his gun. The leg was amputated two months 
later, but he died two days after the operation, 
and was buried in Tombstone City, Ariz. His 
wife died several years afterwards in Delrio, Tex. 
A son, Hy J. Bowles, is District and County 
Clerk, Uvalde, Texas. 

PRISCILLA, b. 1830; married John Webb, who died 
in Mississippi. Priscilla. the mother of a large 
family, still lives in Mississippi. 

JOHN B., b. 1831. He went to the California gold 
fields in 1852; came back to Bell c.'unty, Texas, 
in 1854. He never married. He a as a great In- 
dian fighter; experienced many dangers and hard- 
ships in the continual frontier warfare, and was 
killed by Mexicans at Presidia Del Norte, Mex. 

FANNIE, b. May 13, 1832; married James Townsend, 
who died in 1888. Fannie was the mother of four 
teen children and is living in Buleson county, Tex. 

JANE, b. 1833; marritd Joseph Townsend. She had 
a large family and died in 1879. 

WILLIAM B. (called DOKE), a famous Indian fighter, 
b. 1834; moved to Uvalde county in 1854 and 
there married .V.iss Amanda Ware in 1858. His 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 237 

exploits are preserved in Texas border history. 
Was a man of energy and accumulated considerable 
wealth, one of his properties consisting of the 
large Uvalde Hotel surrounded by 200 acres of ir- 
rigated land. He died Dec. 7, 1902, in Pueblo, 
New Mexico. 

GREENVILLE BOWLES, b. Feb. 28, 1836; married 
Miss Amanda A. Brown in Uvalde county in 1856. 
He was a sccut and Indian fighter; experienced all 
the dangers and hardships of the frontier, and was 
one of the largest of the Texas stockmen. He 
died in 1898. His wife lives in Uvalde, Texas. 

CAROLINE, b. July 2, 1837; married John McDowell 
in 1853, and had a large family. Both lived and 
died in Bell county. 

DAVID CROCKETT BOWLES, b. March 10, 1839; 
married Miss Mattie Jordan in Bell county on Oct. 
15, 1868, by whom he had seven girls and five 
boys; two of w hich, a boy and a girl, are dead. 
He with his wife and ail his family except one 
girl in Oklahoma, are living in Bell county, Tex. 
David Crockett Bowles was named after the Texas 
hero, and has survived many dangers. He was a 
cowboy, Indian fighter, frontiersman, and was 
City Marshal of Belton fjom 1878 to 1880. In 
1881 took a contract to deliver prisoners from 35 
counties to the Texas penitentiary. This was a 
very dangerous and trying undertaking in those 
days, when Texas swarmed with desperados and 
the methods of travel and communication were 
primitive. On one trip he crossed the Gulf of 
Mexico tvvice. On another, guarding twelve pris 
oners, he was one month and three days in the 



238 THE HISTORY OF • 

wilderness. After wearing a gun for 27 years, a 
great part of tlie time in the service of the State 
of Texas, he laid it aside to become a farmer and 
stockraiser near where his father came in 1849 J^ 
Bell county, where he now lives. 

EMMALINE, b. Feb. 9, 1840; married Joseph Brown 
in Uvalde county. Their children were a girl and 
a boy. Emmaline and her husband died in Uvalde 
county in 189^ ". 

ELIZABETH, b. Feb. g, 1842; married George Patter- 
son in Uvalde county. They had nine children, 
five boys and four girls. Elizabeth's husband was 
a large stockman in Uvalde county, \\ here they 
both died in 1904. 

JOHN BOWLES, 

who was a farmer and wheelwright in Goochland 
county about 1810, was a nephew of Rev. Benjamin 
Bowles who married Miss Harris, and so cousin ot John 
Ludwell Bowles. There was an order of the Hanover 
Court directing the Sheriff to pay to " Knight Bowles 
and Thomas P. Bowles, co-guardians of the orphans of 
Russell Bowles, who died in the Continental service, 
viz., John, Caroline, Bolman ;ind Richard, an allowance 
of 12 pounds per annum." It is very probable that 
the John mentioned in this order was the John Bo>.vies, 
farmer and wheelwright of Goochland county. 
JOHN BOWLES married Martha Cocke. He died in 
1826, leaving his widuw with twelve children. 
The children's names were: John, Preston, Tjm, 
William, Tarleton, James Henry, Bolman H., 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 239 

Mary, Luvenia, Frances, Martha, Lucy. 

JAMES H. was an officer of the Goochland Troop in 
the Confederate Army. 

BOLMAN H. served with the Virginia troops in the 
war with Mexico, and upon the outbreak of the 
Civil War aided in organizing the Hanover Light 
Dragoons, was ist Lieutenant in that command, 
and was killed at the battle of Manassas, July 21, 
1861. He was famed for his dauntless bravery, 
and many obituary eulogiums of him appeared in 
the newspapers of the time. In these obituaries 
it was stated that Lieut. Bowles remarked to a 
fellow-officer that his dead body should remain 
upon the field in the event of defeat, and the ac- 
counts state with a mournful satisfaction that the 
eyes of the dying hero lit up with joy at the sight 
of the waving and triumphant banner of the Con- 
federacy. One of his sons, Diocan Bowles, lives 
at Vontay, Hanover county, Va. 

MARY married Mr. Burford. 

LUVENIA married Ben Harrison Woodson.. 

FRANCES married Mr. Robinson. 

MARTHA, married Joseph Reuben Pleasants, and died 
Oct. I, 1844. She. died when her son James was 
three d?.ys old and James was raised by his grand- 
mother Bowles until he was six years, and upon 
her death he was taken into the family of his uncle 
James H. Bowies. Upon the outbreak of the 
Civil War, at 16 years of age he entered the 
Goochland Troop, and while at home upon a fur- 
lough he performed the astounding feat of captur- 
ing single-handed fourteen armed Union soldiers. 
This exploit, celebrated at the time, is spread on 



240 THE HISTORY OF 

the Court Records of Goochland county. When 
Dahlgren made his raid James had come home 
to get a fresh horse, and was asleep in an upper 
room of his uncle's house. When he awoke, his 
aunt, Mrs. Bowles, informed him of the raid, and 
that his two horses had been taken. Telling his 
aunt he was going to get his horses, he put on an 
uniform which he had on a previous occasion taken 
from a Union soldier, and taking a short carbine, 
started down the road in the same direction as the 
Union troops, groups of which were occasionally 
passing by the house. He hid in a place by the 
roadside sheltered by heavy hanging branches. 
A Union cavalryman leading two horses came 
along, and hastily complied with the demand for 
surrender, as James pointed the carbine at him. 
Disarming his prisoner he mounting a horse and 
ordering the prisoner to ride to one side and a little 
in front of him, they proceeded towards his home. 
Entering a large woods, they met a group of Uuion 
soldiers. When close upon them he suddenly 
demanded their surrender, which they did imme- 
diately. He thereupon ordered them to drop their 
arms in the road and ride beside the first prisoner. 
Keeping them covered they proceeded until they 
met a third group, who, stunned with astonish- 
ment at being called upon to surrender by troops 
wearing Union uniforms, instantly, upon the stern 
demand, dropped their arms in the read. One 
prisoner now suddenly galloped away and warned 
two soldiers who were watering horses at the well 
in front of the Bowles home. Upon the demand 
to surrender these two opened fire, but upon one 



THE BOWLES PAMiLr 241 

being killed by James, the other surrendered. The 
shooting attracted his uncle James H. Bowles and 
Dr. Quintius A. Snead, who nOiV galloped up and 
aided in delivering the 14 prisoners, horses and ac- 
coutrements to the Confederate Government. 
LUCY, married John L. Powers. Her two children 
were John L. and Martha L. Martha L. married 
Randolph R. Woodson, and two of her children 
are Jacob L Woodson and Mrs. Lucy C. Gude of 
Richmond, Va. The Woodson family is also an 
old one in Virginia, the first settler of that name 
arriving in 1619. 

Other descendants of John Bowles and Martha 
Cocke are Mrs. Ed. Nuckolsof Rockville, Hanover 
county; J. C. Bowles of Columbia, Va., and his 
cousin B. B. Bowles of Richmond, Va.; Mrs. 
Stewart Cottrell uf Cardwell, Va. 
It has been stated that every living adult male of 
this branch of the Bowles family was in the Con- 
federate Army. 

GIDEON BOWLES of Oxford, England, was 
a merchant in Dublin, Ire., in 1752. His oldest son 
John married Eleanor, the granddaughter of Sir William 
Parsons. Of the sons of John and Eleanor five came 
to Virginia. One, Gideon, went to Goochland county; 
James went to Leesburg, Loudon county, and John 
went to Winchester, Frederick county, Va. The 
other two emigrant brothers were Stephen and Hugh. 
The family is mentioned in "Notes of the Parsons 
Family." 
JOHN BOWLES settled in Winchester before 1800 



242 THE HISTORY OF 

His children were Jacob, Avery, Isaac, James, 
Mrs. Eva Newcomb, Mrs. Catharine Tutstone, 
Mrs. Rebecca Smith, Mrs. Sallie Coapheabner, 
Mrs. Nancy Carper, Mrs. Wm. Keffert. 

JACOB, son ot John, born in Winchester, Va. He 
had nine children; the living ones are: James A., 
of Paris, III.; Thomas, of Paris, 111.; Zachary, of 
Kansas, 111.; R. C, Jacob and Elizabeth, of 
Champagne, 111. 

JAMES A., son of Jacob, was born April 27, 1843, ^t 
Winchester, Va.; married in 1868 Isabella S. 
Sv\artz, of Newmarket, Va. He served in the 
Confederate Army under Stonewall Jackson, in 
Co. B, loth Va. Infantry. He was in the battles of 
Martinsburg, ist and 2d Bull Run, Shenandoah, 
Cross Keys, Cold Harbor, Gaines' Mill, White 
Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, Cedar Mountain, Fred- 
erick City, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettys- 
burg; wounded, taken prisoner and confmed 20 
months at Fort Delaware and Point Lookout, Md. 
In 1870 he moved to Paris, 111., where he is a con- 
tractor and builder. James A. and Isabella had 
seven children, one dying in infancy. The living 
children are 

WALTER CHESTER, travelling salesman for A. 
C. McClurg Co., of Chicago. Lives in 
Springfield, 111. 

ORION A., salesman for McClurg Co. Lives in 
Springfield, 111. 

VALLEY E., and IDA H,, live in Paris, 111. 

JAMES TENBROECK is a student at the Univer- 
sity cf Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

PAUL G., salesman for McClurg Co. Lives in 
Chicago. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 243 

The son of John Bowles: 
JAMES BOWLES, was born Feb. 28, 1810. He was 
a very prominent farmer and lived many years 
near Winchester, Va., and by his integrity and 
sobriety won the affections of his neighbors. He 
was an extensive raiser of fine horses, especially 
the Black Hawk Morgan strain. He was a noted 
breeder and acquired a fortune. He married early 
in life Mary Louise Smith, born April 9, 1821. 
James died Oct. 6, 1862; Mary Louise died April 
19, 1889. Their children were: 
Isaac W., b. Sept. 24, 1838; d. July 26, 1839. 
James Edwin, b. Dec. 5, 1839; ^- June 20, 1861. 
Stuart Baldwin, b. Mar. 4, 1841; d. April 19, 1901. 
Jonathan S., b. Sept. 16, 1842; d. Mar. 18, 1843. 
Henry C, b. Jan. 4, 1844; d. Feb. 17, 1878. 
Charles M., b. Dec 5, 1845; <^* Feb. , 1889. 
Wilson W., b. March 13, 1847. 
Victor S.,b Sept. 5, 1848. Lives in Dallas, Tex. 
Joseph W.J b. Nov. 21, 1849. Firm of P. O. 

Bowles, stockdealer and farmer. 
John L., b. April 14, 1851; d. Feb. 14, 1881. 
Milton C, b. March 26, 1853. Speculator, Fort 

Worth, Texas. 
Thomas S., b. July 10, 1855; d. June 6, 1857. 
Fannie S., b. Dec. 12, 1856. 
Oliver C, b. Dec. 14, 1858. Dairyman, Fort 

Worth, Texas. 
Minnie L., b. Sept. 20, 1861; mar. Jas. Thomas, 

Fort Worth, Texas. 
James, b. Jan. 7, 1863; d. 1863. 
WILSON W. BOWLES married Oct. 29, 1879 Annie 
Virginia Lodge, who was born March 19, 1850. 



244 THE HISTORY OF 

Wilson W. is a stockdealer and farmer near Mill- 
wood, Va. He is an extensive landowner and 
widely and favorably known in Virginia. The 
children of Wilson W. and Annie Virginia are: 

Joseph William, b. Aug. lo, 1880. 

Wilson Lodge, b. April 7, 1883. 

Harry Hallovvell, b. Sept. 7. 1884. 

Bertha Anna, b. Aug. 23, 1888. 
JOSEPH WARREN BOWLES is an extensive land 
owner and farmer in Clarke co., Va. He is a man 
<:)f the most honorable character, and his advice 
and influence are much valued by his neighbors. 
He married Feb. 17, 1898, Kate Varina Garvin, 
daughter of A. H. Garvin, owner of the large Will- 
wood Flour Mills. Their children are: 

Joseph Warren, b. Feb. 5, 1899. 

Garvin, b. Nov. 23, 1900. 

James Addison, b. April 7, 1902. 
FANNIE S. was born one and a quarter miles south- 
east of Winchester. She was educated at Fairfax 
Hall and the Dunbar Female Institute. She mar- 
ried May 28, 1875, Brice W. Catlett, of Morgan 
county, W. Va. In 1874 Brice W. Catlett was 
elected Senator, representing the I3rh Senatorial 
W. Va. District; comprising the counties Berkely, 
Jefferson and Morgan. In March, 1898, the family 
moved to Berry's Ferry, Clarke co., Va., where 
they have since resided upon a farm. Through 
the influence of Brice W. Catlett two large steel 
bridges have been constructed over the Shenan- 
doah river in Clarke county. Their children are: 

Gray, b. July 7, 1876; d. March 19, 1877. 

William Brice, b. Jan. 27, 1878. 



THE BOWLBS FAMILY 245 

Charles Victor, b. Dec. 12, 1879. 
Oliver Warren, b. July 19, 1884. 
Lucas Wilson, b. March 23, 1888. 
James Garland Hurst, b. Feb. 22, 1888. 

The brother of John of Winchester and 
James of Loudon county: 
GIDEON BOWLES, who, as stated in "Missouri 
Pioneer Families," was a member of the St. James 
Colony that settled in Goochland county, Va. He 
was accompanied by his wife. Their son Ander- 
son married Jane Thomas and settled in Cumber- 
land county, Va. Their children were Caleb, 
Sarah, James, Gideon, Ann, Anderson, Virginia, 
Elizabeth, Augusta and David. Ann and Gideon 
died in Virginia. The rest of the family came 
with their parents to Madison county, Ky., in 
1806. In 181 1 they settled in St. Louis county, 
Mo., where iVvr. Bowles died ihe following year. 
his widow lived until 1834. Caleb was judge of 
the County Court of St. Louis county for several 
terms. He w as married twice, finally settling in 
Saline county, where ke died. Sarah married 
Stephen Maddox of Virginia, who settled in St. 
Louis county, by whom she had fifteen children. 
James v% as a ranger in Captain Musick's Company 
and was killed by Indians in 1814 at Cap-au-Gris, 
vv hen 20 years old. Anderson settled in Missis- 
sippi and died there. Virginia married Richard 
Ripley of St. Louis county. Elizabeth married 
Richard Sapingt jn a..d lived in Illinois, a wid 'vv, 
in 1875. Augusta married Jacilla Wells, and died 
in Texas. David married first Julia Mackay, 



246 THE HISTORY OF 

daughter of Captain James Mackay of St. Louis, by 
whom he had James A., Jane, Jesse, Nathan Z., Mary 
E., George R., John B., Julia V., Gubtave, Jefferson 
R. and David J. Mr. Bowles settled in Montgomery 
county at an early date and still resides there (1875). 
He is by trade a tanner, but has been a farmer the 
greater part of his life and has prospered in more than 
an ordinary degree. After the death of his first vvife 
he married, in his old age, the widow Giles, of Lincoln 
county. His neighbors told with much m.erriment that 
upon arriving home with his new wife he danced about 
the room with an exuberance uf joy, and waving his 
hat about his head he accidentally struck the lamp, 
dashing it to pieces upon the floor In a moment the 
house was on fire and it \vas only by the most prompt 
and energetic exertions it was saved from destruction. 
He was a great hunter in his earlier years, and during 
one *vinter he killed 120 deer, 3 elk and 4(X» raccoons, 
besides gathering 350 gallons of wild honey. The 
same year he killed the famous buck which hunters 
called "General Buidine*' and which had 33 prongs on 
its horns. During the Civil War he was bold and fear- 
less in the expression of Southern sentiments, and on 
that account suffered severely from the depredations 
of the militia. 



JUDGE PINCKNEY DOVVNIE BOWLES, 
son of Isaac and Emily Holioway Bowies, was born in 
Edgefield, S.C., July 17, 1835; educated academic and 
law departments of University of Virginia; studied in 
office of JLdge Samuel M. Gowan at Asheville C. H., 
S. C. Married Feb. 28, 1863, Alice Irene Steane. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 247 

Located in Sparta C. H., Conecuh county, Ala., April 
15, 1859. Elected Lieutenant Conecuh Guard, Ala. 
Vol. Corps, July 4, i860; Captain April i, 1861; re- 
elected Captain at Yorktown, Va., May i, 1862; pro- 
moted Major Aug. 22, 1862; Lieut. -Col. Sept. 30, 1862; 
Col. Oct. 3, 1862; Brig. -Gen. April 2, 1865. Opened 
law offices in Evergreen, Ala., in 1887. Probate Judge 
July I, 1887, to Nov. 3, 1898. 

MRS. CLEMENTINE BOWLES 

who was born in Virginia, and raised six miles from 
Richmond on the James, was the wife of William 
David Bowles of Kentucky, whose father was from 
Maryland. During the Civil War she was so enthusi- 
astic in her Southern sentiments and so feared that she 
was ordered across the Union lines. Mrs. Bowles is of 
Colonial and Revolutionary ancestry. She is a charter 
member of Mary Fuller Percival Chapter of the D. A. 
R.; charter member of the Memorial Association and 
U. D. C. of Arkansas; now serving her fourth term as 
Registrar of the U. D. C. of Arkansas, where she now 
resides. 

JAMES R. BOWLES, 

of Virginia, who moved to Philadelphia and died there, 
was descended from one of three brothers who came 
from England and settled in King William county, Va. 
Two of these brothers returned to England. The one 
who remained may have been David Bowles, elder of 
Dover Baptist Church in 1783. The father of James 
R. Bowles was a shipbuilder. James R. married (i) 
Miss Mary Sheppurd; (2) Miss Bridgeland. Among 
his children are Richard, of Petersburg, Va.; William, 



248 THE HISTORY OF 

of Philadelphia; Mattie S, of Philadelphia; F. T. 
Bowles. The destruction cf the Bowles records in 
the fire of 1885 at King William C. H., Va., prevents 
an historical record of this branch of the Bowies family, 
but old deeds and traditions prove this branch to have 
possessed wealth and position in King Vv illiam county 
during the early nineteenth century. 
MATTIE S., who married Mr. Stevenson, has five liv- 
ing children, viz., Lieut, E. S. Stevenson, Wm.G. 
Stevenson, James Haslet Stevenson, Jr., Sarah 
Winifred Stevenson, Martha E. Stevenson. 

C. L. BOWLES 
of Louisville, Ky , a veteran of the Union Army, is the 
youngest of iiine sons, of whom three are alive, two 
of whom are in the tobacco business. The grandfather 
of C. L, Bowles was a Scotchman, and his father born 
in Virginia. His wife is of French-German descent; 
her father was from Baltimore, and her grandfather, 
who owned schooners on the Chesapeake, was drowned 
by the sinking of one in a storm. Mr. Bowies is a 
promiinent restaurant keeper of Louisville. 

DETACHED NOTES. 

Thomas B. Bowles carried on spinning mills in 
1816 at Jones Creek, in Powhatan and Chesterfield 
counties, Va. Thomas B. Bowles married Rebecca 
Flournoy, July 12. 1815, by Rev. John Woclbridge. 
(William and Mary Quarterly, Vols, i, 2). 

Samuel Bowles married Emily Worthington Jan. 
19, 1769. He was Ensigh in Seventh Company Dis- 
trict Militia; appointed to assist in drilling the militia 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 249 

of the Western District in 1762. (Worthington Annalsj. 

Thomas Bowles of Isle of Wight county, Va., 
bought from tdward Davis of Nansemond county, 
thirty acres of land in Isle of Wight county for $200.00, 
Oct. 6, 1807. Thomas made his will Sept. 25, 1815, 
and names children Elish^, Elizabeth and Nancy. (Isle 
of Wight Records ) 

Thomas Bowles, son of Benjamin; Coke Bowles, 
Irving vV. Bowles, Elish i Bowles, and Smith Blakey 
of Boles are recorded as paying taxes on land in Hen- 
rico county, Va., from 1799 tc 1805. 

Joseph F. Bowles married Sarah Henley Oct. 22, 
1827. Recorded in Henrico county, Va. 

Elisha Bowles married Elizabeth Harris. Oct. 11, 
1815. 

Corbin Bowles married Rhoda C. Hooper, daughter 
of Daniel Hooper, March 11, 1817. 

Edmund Bowles and Polly Mosby, Dec. 26, 1820. 

Jeffrey Bowles of Hanover and Sally, daughter of 
William Morris and sister of Robert Morris, Jan. 31, 
1788. 

William Bowles and Eliza, daughter of Christo- 
pher Butler, Sept. 25, 1821. Henrico Records. 

Will of Mary Bowles of Hanover co., Va. Dated 
July 8, 1795; proved Dec. 8, 1807. Gives youngest 
son Augustine real and personal estate. Thcnias and 
Millie Bowles witnesses. Henrico D. B. 3, p. 358. 

Virginia Military Certificate Book i, p. 536, has 
copy of warrant fcr 200 acres of land issued to Thomas 



2^0 THE HISTORY OF 

P. Bowles, sergeant in the State Line who served three 
years Pensioned in 1831; $120.00 annually. From 
Hanover county, in Colonel Marshall's Regiment. 

Military Certificate Book 3, p. 95, has cop/ of 
land warrant to Dawson Cuoke, assignee, and Betsy 
Bowles, only child and heir of Peter Bowles, deceased, 
private who served three years in 2d Va. Continental 
Line. Warrant for 100 acres. Signed J. W.Pleasants. 

Va. Grant Book 30, p. 529. has grant to George 
Bowies of 90 acres in Bedford county, on the north 
branches of Staunton river, dated May 21, 1794, and 
signed Henry Lee, Governor. 

York Records Orders 6, pp. 632 to 637, copy of 
Sheriff's payments to Joseph and Clara Bowles, or- 
phans of John Bowles, a soldier who was killed in the 
Continental service, pension for years 1791 to 1797. 
Clara Bowles, daughter of Joseph Bov-. ies, uho died in 
the service of the Uuited States, and Rebecca Washer, 
mother of Joseph Bowles, are mentioned in theseorders. 

Charles Bowles enlisted for 3 years Feb. 2, 1778. 
James Bowles enlisted for 3 years July 14, 1777. Rev. 
War Statement of Hanover County, Va. 

Matthew Bowles received pension of $109.98 for 
Revolutionary service in Virginia Militia, when he was 
71 years of age. Pension Report of 1835, p. 97. 

Benjamin Bowles, North Carolina Continental 
Line, received pension of $131.20 on July 4, 1826. 
Rev. War Statement of Montgomery, N. C. 

George Bowles, of Broome, N. Y., pensioned May 
20, 1818, when 70 years old. 

John Bowles of Rhode Island Line, pensioned June 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 2$t 

30, 1818, age 69. Rensellaer Co., N. Y. Statement. 

Waller Bowles, of N. Y. State Line, granted pen- 
sion Mar. 4, 1831, age 69. Statement of Orange, N. Y. 

Daniel Bo\^ les. Revolutionary soldier. Statement 
of New Castle, Delaware. 

Ernest B. Bowles, ist Lieut. First Tenn. Infantry. 

Thomas Q. Bowles, Captain Third Ohio Infantry. 
Heitman, Vol. 2, p. 193, 

The names and records of soldiers of the Bowies 
name are in the archives and repositories of many 
States and in many County Courthouses. The ex- 
pense of gathering this data has, however, prevented 
its presentation in this volume. 

In Louisa County, Va., C. H. are the wills uf 
Caroline G. A. K., Susan D., and Richard C. Bowles. 

In Cumberland, Va,, there is the will of John 
Bowles. 

Colonel Bowles commanded Indiana troops in the 
Mexican War. 

Captain Bowles killed Captain Croghan in a duel 
in Kentucky in 1822. 

Robert B Bowles, Comptroller of the Currency, 
b. 1856; d. 1902. 

Colonel John Bowles, U. S. A., married the 
daughter of Buffalo Bill Cody, and lived in Sheridan, 
Wyo., until his death about 1902. 

Rev. Benjamin Franklin Bowles, a distinguished 
Universalist, born at Portsmouth, N. H., Mar. 4, 1824; 
died Jan. 9, 1892. His third wife, who was Ada C. 
Burpee, survived him. By his second and third wife 
he had six children. 

Charles S. P. Bowles, Delegate to England f^t U. 
S. Sanitary Commission, 1864. 



252 THE HISTORY OF 

The Bowles Live Stock Company, with main office 
in Chicago, and branches in many Western cities, is 
one of largest cattle buyers ii. the United States. 






THE BOWLES FAMILY mn 

REFERENCES. 

1 School Mag. Chronicle, N. Y., 1862., p.^43» 

2 Lower's Roll of Battle Abbey. 

3 Gourley's Tales of the Border, Edinburgh, 177^* 

4 Boleden Book, p. i. 

5 Surtees, Vol. i, p. 798. 

6, 7, 8, 9 Bowles Roll of England. 

10 Marluw's Hist. p. 162. 

II, 12, 13, 14, 15 Bowles Roll. 

16 Visitation of Kent, 1653--8 

17 Genealogical Roll of Geo. Bowles, Glasgow 1864. 

18 Cal. State Papers, Col. Series 1 574-1660. 

19 Pass. List of "Hopew€ll.'* 

20 John R. Bolles Gen., 1865. 

21, 22 Savage's Diet., Hinman'sCon. Sett.,. Samuel 
Bowles' Notes. 

23 Hist. Pioneer Fam. of Mo., Bryan a^Kl Rose. 

24 Warw ick Records. Hist, of Susan Bowles. 

25 Warwick Records. Susan Bowles Hist. 

26 Va. Land Office, Pat. Book i. 

27 Va. Land Office, Pat. Book i. 

28 Campbell's Va. Hist- List of Members. 

29 Susan Bowles Hist. 

30 Va. Land Office, Pat. Book 3. 

31 Va. Land Office, Book 5. 

32, 33, 34 Warwick Records in Susan Bo^vleb Hist. 

35 Mill. Certificate Book, No. i, p. 536. 

36 Dr. James Bowles. 

37 York County Va. Records; Deeds, Orders, Bk 7. 

38 Records James City Va. Bk. i. 

39 New Kent Records in Susan Bowles Hist. 

40 John Ryder's Hanover Va. Pedigree. 



f f 



254 THE HISTORY OF 

41 "Contemporary Biography/' London, 1801. 

42 Mary Bowles Buerger and others. 

43 "Public Characters and Contemporary Biogra- 

phy/* "Authentic Memoirs of Gen. Wm. Au- 
gustus Bowles/' "Remarkable Career of a 
Great Adventurer" (Madrid 1809); Pickett's 
"Hist, of Alabama/' "Tales of Outposts 
London, 1839; Archives of Georgia, 1819. 

44 Pioneer Families of Mo., by Bryan and Rose. 

45 John Bowles Biblical Record. 

46 Va. Patent Book, pp. 25, 500. 

47 Susan Bowles Hist. 

48 Lucy Ann Bowles Hoye. 

49 Va. Land Office, Grant Book. 

50 Betty Lewis Bowles. 

51 Va. Land Office, Books 34, 35. 

52 Va. Land Office Warrants 34 and 16. 

53 Land Office Pat. 40. Henrico D. B. 7. 

54 Va. Mil. Certificate Book i. 

55 Grant Book 51, p 490. 

56 Henrico CO. D B p 334; 4, p 513. 

57 Va. Land Office. 

58 Henrico co. D B p 708. 

59 Grant Book 9, p 107. 

60 Grant Book II, p 84. S. Bowles Hist. 

61 Land Warrant No. 783. 

62 War. nil and Certificate in Va. Land Office. 

63 Hen. CO. D B 6, p 276. 

64 Hen. CO., D B 472 and 143. 

65 Hen. D B 7, p 14, 

66 Hist. Register of Va., p. 373, Hen. D B pp 8, 

417- 

67 Hist. Register of Va., p 261--2. S. Bowles Hist. 



THE BOWLES FAMILY 255 

Rich. Rec. D D 109 and 985. Pat. Book 35, 

P253. 
The greater number of facts are taken from family 

record, and it seen s needless to indicate the origin. 

The compiler however will be glad to indicate the 

source upon request. 



/ 256 THE HISXPRY QF 



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BOSTON 




'UBLIC L 



BRARY 



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